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Geographic Distribution of Registered Packaged Water Production in Ghana: Implications for Piped Supplies, Groundwater Management and Product Transportation

Geographic Distribution of Registered Packaged Water Production in Ghana: Implications for Piped Supplies, Groundwater Management and Product Transportation
Geographic Distribution of Registered Packaged Water Production in Ghana: Implications for Piped Supplies, Groundwater Management and Product Transportation
Packaged water consumption has grown rapidly in urban areas of many low‐income and middle‐income countries, but particularly in Ghana. However, the sources of water used by this growing packaged water industry and the implications for water resource management and transport‐related environmental impacts have not been described. This study aimed to assess the spatial distribution of regulated packaged water production in Ghana, both in relation to demand for natural mineral water and hydrogeological characteristics. A total of 764 addresses for premises licensed to produce packaged water from 2009 to 2015 were mapped and compared to regional sachet water consumption and examined beverage import/export data. We found evidence to suggest that packaged water is transported shorter distances in Ghana than in developed countries. Groundwater abstraction for packaged water is low relative to piped water production and domestic borehole abstraction nationally, but may be locally significant. For natural mineral water, producers should be able to address the most widespread water quality hazards (including high salinity, iron and nitrates) in aquifers used for production through reverse osmosis treatment. In future, packaged water producer surveys could be used to quantify unregulated production, volumes of piped versus groundwater abstracted and treatment processes used.
2073-4441
Dzodzomenyo, Mawuli
b3bafe27-4542-4ece-a82a-4717a72df187
Dotse-Gborgbortsi, Winfred, Worlanyo
11fe21e7-431a-442b-a8c7-6a7cb05176d9
Lapworth, Dan
e1c0d84e-ad44-4188-afce-ac1c26ac31b4
Wardrop, Nicola
8f3a8171-0727-4375-bc68-10e7d616e176
Wright, James
94990ecf-f8dd-4649-84f2-b28bf272e464
Dzodzomenyo, Mawuli
b3bafe27-4542-4ece-a82a-4717a72df187
Dotse-Gborgbortsi, Winfred, Worlanyo
11fe21e7-431a-442b-a8c7-6a7cb05176d9
Lapworth, Dan
e1c0d84e-ad44-4188-afce-ac1c26ac31b4
Wardrop, Nicola
8f3a8171-0727-4375-bc68-10e7d616e176
Wright, James
94990ecf-f8dd-4649-84f2-b28bf272e464

Dzodzomenyo, Mawuli, Dotse-Gborgbortsi, Winfred, Worlanyo, Lapworth, Dan, Wardrop, Nicola and Wright, James (2017) Geographic Distribution of Registered Packaged Water Production in Ghana: Implications for Piped Supplies, Groundwater Management and Product Transportation. Water, 9 (142). (doi:10.3390/w9020142).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Packaged water consumption has grown rapidly in urban areas of many low‐income and middle‐income countries, but particularly in Ghana. However, the sources of water used by this growing packaged water industry and the implications for water resource management and transport‐related environmental impacts have not been described. This study aimed to assess the spatial distribution of regulated packaged water production in Ghana, both in relation to demand for natural mineral water and hydrogeological characteristics. A total of 764 addresses for premises licensed to produce packaged water from 2009 to 2015 were mapped and compared to regional sachet water consumption and examined beverage import/export data. We found evidence to suggest that packaged water is transported shorter distances in Ghana than in developed countries. Groundwater abstraction for packaged water is low relative to piped water production and domestic borehole abstraction nationally, but may be locally significant. For natural mineral water, producers should be able to address the most widespread water quality hazards (including high salinity, iron and nitrates) in aquifers used for production through reverse osmosis treatment. In future, packaged water producer surveys could be used to quantify unregulated production, volumes of piped versus groundwater abstracted and treatment processes used.

Text
water-09-00142-v2 - Version of Record
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 16 February 2017
e-pub ahead of print date: 21 February 2017
Organisations: Geography & Environment, Population, Health & Wellbeing (PHeW)

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 406186
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/406186
ISSN: 2073-4441
PURE UUID: 099eda70-9da5-4f32-a0ab-bcf6995219a2
ORCID for Winfred, Worlanyo Dotse-Gborgbortsi: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-7627-1809
ORCID for James Wright: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-8842-2181

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 10 Mar 2017 10:41
Last modified: 22 Nov 2021 03:25

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Contributors

Author: Mawuli Dzodzomenyo
Author: Dan Lapworth
Author: Nicola Wardrop
Author: James Wright ORCID iD

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