Muscle strength and functional ability in recreational female golfers and less active non-golfers over the age of 80 years


Stockdale, Alison, Webb, Nicholas, Wootton, Jessica, Drennan, Jonathan, Brown, Simon and Stokes, Maria (2017) Muscle strength and functional ability in recreational female golfers and less active non-golfers over the age of 80 years Geriatrics, 2, (1) (doi:10.3390/geriatrics2010012).

Download

[img] PDF Muscle strength and functional ability in recreational female golfers and less active non-golfers over the age of 80 years - Accepted Manuscript
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (656kB)
[img] PDF Muscle strength and functional ability in recreational female golfers and Less Active Non-Golfers over the Age of 80 Years - Version of Record
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (328kB)

Description/Abstract

Muscle strength and functional ability decline with age. Physical activity can slow the decline but whether recreational golf is associated with slower decline is unknown. This cross-sectional, observational study aimed to examine the feasibility of testing muscle strength and functional ability in older female golfers and non-golfers in community settings. Thirty-one females over aged 80, living independently (golfers n = 21, mean age 83, standard deviation () 2.1 years); non-golfers, n = 10 (80.8 1.03 years) were studied. Maximal isometric contractions of handgrip and quadriceps were tested on the dominant side. Functional ability was assessed using the Timed Up and Go (TUG) and health-related quality of life using the Short Form-36 questionnaire. Grip strength, normalised to body mass, was greater in golfers (0.33 0.06 kgF/kg) than non-golfers (0.29 0.06), however, the difference was not statistically significant (p = 0.051). Quadriceps strength did not differ (golfers 2.78 0.74 N/kg; non-golfers 2.69 0.83; p = 0.774). TUG times were significantly faster (p = 0.027) in golfers (10.4 1.9 s) than non-golfers (12.6 3.21 s; within sarcopenic category). Quality of life was significantly higher in golfers for the physical categories (Physical Function p < 0.001; Physical p = 0.033; Bodily pain p = 0.028; Vitality p = 0.047) but psychosocial categories did not differ. These findings indicated that the assessment techniques were feasible in both groups and sensitive enough to detect some differences between groups. The indication that golf was associated with better physical function than non-golfers in females over 80 needs to be examined by prospective randomised controlled trials to determine whether golf can help to

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.3390/geriatrics2010012
Keywords: older females; physical activity; golf; muscle strength; sarcopenia
Organisations: Researcher Development, Centre for Innovation & Leadership
ePrint ID: 406649
Date :
Date Event
1 March 2017Accepted/In Press
4 March 2017Published
Date Deposited: 18 Mar 2017 02:27
Last Modified: 12 May 2017 19:14
Further Information:Google Scholar
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/406649

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item