The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Muscle strength and functional ability in recreational female golfers and less active non-golfers over the age of 80 years

Muscle strength and functional ability in recreational female golfers and less active non-golfers over the age of 80 years
Muscle strength and functional ability in recreational female golfers and less active non-golfers over the age of 80 years
Muscle strength and functional ability decline with age. Physical activity can slow the decline but whether recreational golf is associated with slower decline is unknown. This cross-sectional, observational study aimed to examine the feasibility of testing muscle strength and functional ability in older female golfers and non-golfers in community settings. Thirty-one females over aged 80, living independently (golfers n = 21, mean age 83, standard deviation () 2.1 years); non-golfers, n = 10 (80.8 1.03 years) were studied. Maximal isometric contractions of handgrip and quadriceps were tested on the dominant side. Functional ability was assessed using the Timed Up and Go (TUG) and health-related quality of life using the Short Form-36 questionnaire. Grip strength, normalised to body mass, was greater in golfers (0.33 0.06 kgF/kg) than non-golfers (0.29 0.06), however, the difference was not statistically significant (p = 0.051). Quadriceps strength did not differ (golfers 2.78 0.74 N/kg; non-golfers 2.69 0.83; p = 0.774). TUG times were significantly faster (p = 0.027) in golfers (10.4 1.9 s) than non-golfers (12.6 3.21 s; within sarcopenic category). Quality of life was significantly higher in golfers for the physical categories (Physical Function p < 0.001; Physical p = 0.033; Bodily pain p = 0.028; Vitality p = 0.047) but psychosocial categories did not differ. These findings indicated that the assessment techniques were feasible in both groups and sensitive enough to detect some differences between groups. The indication that golf was associated with better physical function than non-golfers in females over 80 needs to be examined by prospective randomised controlled trials to determine whether golf can help to
older females; physical activity; golf; muscle strength; sarcopenia
Stockdale, Alison
1e90d36a-100f-432c-b2b0-0d79c7447948
Webb, Nicholas
2e7b9101-0ea5-4cc3-b81f-00d56f64517d
Wootton, Jessica
26912db1-9494-4d1a-a327-f3ddd8436058
Drennan, Jonathan
dad7b3ad-8b7d-428b-8dea-ccb1d50819eb
Brown, Simon
81f6a7a5-379f-4b86-8b55-39f9799c23c8
Stokes, Maria
71730503-70ce-4e67-b7ea-a3e54579717f
Stockdale, Alison
1e90d36a-100f-432c-b2b0-0d79c7447948
Webb, Nicholas
2e7b9101-0ea5-4cc3-b81f-00d56f64517d
Wootton, Jessica
26912db1-9494-4d1a-a327-f3ddd8436058
Drennan, Jonathan
dad7b3ad-8b7d-428b-8dea-ccb1d50819eb
Brown, Simon
81f6a7a5-379f-4b86-8b55-39f9799c23c8
Stokes, Maria
71730503-70ce-4e67-b7ea-a3e54579717f

Stockdale, Alison, Webb, Nicholas, Wootton, Jessica, Drennan, Jonathan, Brown, Simon and Stokes, Maria (2017) Muscle strength and functional ability in recreational female golfers and less active non-golfers over the age of 80 years Geriatrics, 2, (1) (doi:10.3390/geriatrics2010012).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Muscle strength and functional ability decline with age. Physical activity can slow the decline but whether recreational golf is associated with slower decline is unknown. This cross-sectional, observational study aimed to examine the feasibility of testing muscle strength and functional ability in older female golfers and non-golfers in community settings. Thirty-one females over aged 80, living independently (golfers n = 21, mean age 83, standard deviation () 2.1 years); non-golfers, n = 10 (80.8 1.03 years) were studied. Maximal isometric contractions of handgrip and quadriceps were tested on the dominant side. Functional ability was assessed using the Timed Up and Go (TUG) and health-related quality of life using the Short Form-36 questionnaire. Grip strength, normalised to body mass, was greater in golfers (0.33 0.06 kgF/kg) than non-golfers (0.29 0.06), however, the difference was not statistically significant (p = 0.051). Quadriceps strength did not differ (golfers 2.78 0.74 N/kg; non-golfers 2.69 0.83; p = 0.774). TUG times were significantly faster (p = 0.027) in golfers (10.4 1.9 s) than non-golfers (12.6 3.21 s; within sarcopenic category). Quality of life was significantly higher in golfers for the physical categories (Physical Function p < 0.001; Physical p = 0.033; Bodily pain p = 0.028; Vitality p = 0.047) but psychosocial categories did not differ. These findings indicated that the assessment techniques were feasible in both groups and sensitive enough to detect some differences between groups. The indication that golf was associated with better physical function than non-golfers in females over 80 needs to be examined by prospective randomised controlled trials to determine whether golf can help to

Text Muscle strength and functional ability in recreational female golfers and less active non-golfers over the age of 80 years - Accepted Manuscript
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.
Download (656kB)
Text Muscle strength and functional ability in recreational female golfers and Less Active Non-Golfers over the Age of 80 Years - Version of Record
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.
Download (328kB)

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 1 March 2017
e-pub ahead of print date: 4 March 2017
Published date: 4 March 2017
Keywords: older females; physical activity; golf; muscle strength; sarcopenia
Organisations: Researcher Development, Centre for Innovation & Leadership

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 406649
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/406649
PURE UUID: 9a33bc37-481f-45e3-937b-e8fd7cafcdb5
ORCID for Jonathan Drennan: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-7365-4345
ORCID for Simon Brown: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-9646-3285
ORCID for Maria Stokes: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4204-0890

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 18 Mar 2017 02:27
Last modified: 27 Oct 2017 16:31

Export record

Altmetrics

Contributors

Author: Alison Stockdale
Author: Nicholas Webb
Author: Jessica Wootton
Author: Simon Brown ORCID iD
Author: Maria Stokes ORCID iD

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×