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The time use pattern and labour supply of the left behind spouse and children in rural China

The time use pattern and labour supply of the left behind spouse and children in rural China
The time use pattern and labour supply of the left behind spouse and children in rural China
Studies on the impact of rural-urban migration on the left behind, in particular, their time use and labour supply are few. The migration of a household member might lead to an “income effect” which could reduce the labour supply of the left behind and/or to a “substitution effect” which would work in the opposite direction. Thus the total effect of migration on the left behind is an empirical question. This paper uses panel data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS), and uses the wage gap sorted by education level as instrumental variable to control for the “endogeneity” of migration. The findings show that the time use of the left behind spouse and children is not statistically different from those same members of non-migrant households, suggesting that the income effect is offset by the substitution effect. The result proves to be resilient to various robustness checks.
1043-951X
Xu, Hao
20d0f9c7-d8ff-48a2-b467-eb5996e4f2d7
Xu, Hao
20d0f9c7-d8ff-48a2-b467-eb5996e4f2d7

Xu, Hao (2016) The time use pattern and labour supply of the left behind spouse and children in rural China. China Economic Review.

Record type: Article

Abstract

Studies on the impact of rural-urban migration on the left behind, in particular, their time use and labour supply are few. The migration of a household member might lead to an “income effect” which could reduce the labour supply of the left behind and/or to a “substitution effect” which would work in the opposite direction. Thus the total effect of migration on the left behind is an empirical question. This paper uses panel data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS), and uses the wage gap sorted by education level as instrumental variable to control for the “endogeneity” of migration. The findings show that the time use of the left behind spouse and children is not statistically different from those same members of non-migrant households, suggesting that the income effect is offset by the substitution effect. The result proves to be resilient to various robustness checks.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 31 October 2016
e-pub ahead of print date: 5 November 2016
Organisations: University of Southampton

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 407110
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/407110
ISSN: 1043-951X
PURE UUID: fe7f229a-aa54-4c24-8185-190e7e744f5e

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Date deposited: 29 Mar 2017 01:14
Last modified: 06 Oct 2020 17:23

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Contributors

Author: Hao Xu

University divisions

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