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Paleoenvironmental surveys at Naukratis and the Canopic branch of the Nile

Paleoenvironmental surveys at Naukratis and the Canopic branch of the Nile
Paleoenvironmental surveys at Naukratis and the Canopic branch of the Nile
Thirty-five auger cores (covering an area of c. 1 km2) were undertaken at the ancient site of Naukratis in the Nile Delta, an important trading port from c. 620 BCE until 650 CE, supplemented by an Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) profile. These data inform on the location and navigability of the Canopic branch of the Nile, a river that was a major communication, trade and transport artery between Egypt and the Mediterranean during this period; and on the evolving relationship between the river and the port of Naukratis, Egypt's primary Mediterranean trade hub during the Late Period (664–332 BCE). The Canopic branch of the river was located to the west of the settlement and was c. 5 m deep and c. 200 m wide, aggrading at 1.1–2.4 mm/yr. During the Late Period the river channel abutted the site, before migrating westwards, away from the edge of the town, during the closing centuries BCE. A swampy backwater was left directly beside the site, which silted up and was built over in Roman times. The river itself ceased to flow during the later first millennium CE, after which it was canalised.
2352-409X
180-188
Pennington, Ben
e4bbad98-914c-4e9b-958d-54f5f87422b2
Thomas, Ross I.
6c0b3be3-929a-4812-b7a1-6acf8d9c09e5
Pennington, Ben
e4bbad98-914c-4e9b-958d-54f5f87422b2
Thomas, Ross I.
6c0b3be3-929a-4812-b7a1-6acf8d9c09e5

Pennington, Ben and Thomas, Ross I. (2016) Paleoenvironmental surveys at Naukratis and the Canopic branch of the Nile. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 7, 180-188. (doi:10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.03.053).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Thirty-five auger cores (covering an area of c. 1 km2) were undertaken at the ancient site of Naukratis in the Nile Delta, an important trading port from c. 620 BCE until 650 CE, supplemented by an Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) profile. These data inform on the location and navigability of the Canopic branch of the Nile, a river that was a major communication, trade and transport artery between Egypt and the Mediterranean during this period; and on the evolving relationship between the river and the port of Naukratis, Egypt's primary Mediterranean trade hub during the Late Period (664–332 BCE). The Canopic branch of the river was located to the west of the settlement and was c. 5 m deep and c. 200 m wide, aggrading at 1.1–2.4 mm/yr. During the Late Period the river channel abutted the site, before migrating westwards, away from the edge of the town, during the closing centuries BCE. A swampy backwater was left directly beside the site, which silted up and was built over in Roman times. The river itself ceased to flow during the later first millennium CE, after which it was canalised.

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Paleoenvironmental surveys at Naukratis and the Canopic Branch of the Nile - Accepted Manuscript
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 28 March 2016
e-pub ahead of print date: 26 April 2016
Published date: June 2016
Organisations: Geography & Environment

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 407649
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/407649
ISSN: 2352-409X
PURE UUID: 31995226-b550-4c8f-9439-b462f6db685b
ORCID for Ben Pennington: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-9969-8140

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 16 Apr 2017 17:09
Last modified: 03 Dec 2019 06:16

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