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Would adults with autism be less likely to bury the survivors? An eye movement study of anomalous text reading

Would adults with autism be less likely to bury the survivors? An eye movement study of anomalous text reading
Would adults with autism be less likely to bury the survivors? An eye movement study of anomalous text reading
In a single eye movement experiment we investigated the effects of context on the time course of local and global anomaly processing during reading in adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). In one condition short paragraph texts contained anomalous target words. Detection of the anomaly was only possible through evaluation of word meaning in relation to the global context of the whole paragraph (Passage Level Anomalies). In another condition the anomaly could be detected via computation of a local thematic violation within a single sentence embedded in the paragraph (Sentence Level Anomalies).

For the sentence level anomalies the ASD group, in contrast with the typically developing (TD) group, showed early detection of the anomaly as indexed by regressive eye movements from the critical target word upon fixation. Conversely, for the passage level anomalies, and in contrast with the ASD group, the TD group showed early detection of the anomaly, with increased regressive eye movements once the critical word had been fixated.

The reversal of the pattern of regression path data for the two groups, for the sentence and passage level anomalies, is discussed in relation to cognitive accounts of ASD.
1747-0218
Au Yeung, Sheena
92f60ac4-8ecb-4dba-9039-21303372b15d
Kaakinen, J.K.
6336a820-8f38-40bd-8a55-cdfa18082f4c
Liversedge, Simon
3ebda3f3-d930-4f89-85d5-5654d8fe7dee
Benson, Valerie
4827cede-6668-4e3d-bded-ade4cd5e5db5
Au Yeung, Sheena
92f60ac4-8ecb-4dba-9039-21303372b15d
Kaakinen, J.K.
6336a820-8f38-40bd-8a55-cdfa18082f4c
Liversedge, Simon
3ebda3f3-d930-4f89-85d5-5654d8fe7dee
Benson, Valerie
4827cede-6668-4e3d-bded-ade4cd5e5db5

Au Yeung, Sheena, Kaakinen, J.K., Liversedge, Simon and Benson, Valerie (2017) Would adults with autism be less likely to bury the survivors? An eye movement study of anomalous text reading The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 

Record type: Article

Abstract

In a single eye movement experiment we investigated the effects of context on the time course of local and global anomaly processing during reading in adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). In one condition short paragraph texts contained anomalous target words. Detection of the anomaly was only possible through evaluation of word meaning in relation to the global context of the whole paragraph (Passage Level Anomalies). In another condition the anomaly could be detected via computation of a local thematic violation within a single sentence embedded in the paragraph (Sentence Level Anomalies).

For the sentence level anomalies the ASD group, in contrast with the typically developing (TD) group, showed early detection of the anomaly as indexed by regressive eye movements from the critical target word upon fixation. Conversely, for the passage level anomalies, and in contrast with the ASD group, the TD group showed early detection of the anomaly, with increased regressive eye movements once the critical word had been fixated.

The reversal of the pattern of regression path data for the two groups, for the sentence and passage level anomalies, is discussed in relation to cognitive accounts of ASD.

PDF 17470218.2017 - Accepted Manuscript
Restricted to Repository staff only until 23 April 2018.

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 4 April 2017
e-pub ahead of print date: 24 April 2017
Organisations: Cognition

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 408069
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/408069
ISSN: 1747-0218
PURE UUID: 6696754a-77df-44dc-8919-bd3dc89f5e56

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 11 May 2017 01:02
Last modified: 31 Oct 2017 00:45

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Contributors

Author: Sheena Au Yeung
Author: J.K. Kaakinen
Author: Simon Liversedge
Author: Valerie Benson

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