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The effect of the GNSS disposal strategies on the long term evolution of the MEO region

The effect of the GNSS disposal strategies on the long term evolution of the MEO region
The effect of the GNSS disposal strategies on the long term evolution of the MEO region
The analysis of different disposal strategies for the spacecraft belonging to the Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), with particular emphasis on the European Galileo system is the aim of this study. The results of numerical simulations of the long term evolution scenarios, implementing different disposal strategies, are shown and discussed. A detailed analysis of the collision risk and manoeuvres need, related to the different scenarios, was performed. In terms of the long term evolution, the scenarios where the orbital instabilities are exploited to remove the objects from the operational regions seems favourite. That is, if the focus is on the long term sustainability of the space environment, the possibility to dilute the collision risk and to aim at the re-entry in the atmosphere of a subset of the disposed GNSS spacecraft is the most attractive. The most "problematic" constellations are Glonass and Beidou. This conclusion is driven by the future launch traffic hypothesized for these constellations and by the past practices that left already a significant number of large uncontrolled spacecraft in the constellation orbital zone, in the case of Glonass. On the other hand, the Galileo constellation is well detached from the others and faces the lowest collision risks. The Stable scenarios seems to minimize the interactions (crossings) with the operational constellations and, therefore, might be preferred for operational reasons. In particular, in the Stable scenarios the inter-constellations interaction is negligible. Particular care should be devoted to the efficiency and reliability of the disposal manoeuvers. A significant share of the collision risk faced by the operational satellites in every simulated scenario can be traced back to the "failed" satellites (the success rate of the disposal manoeuvers was assumed to be 90 % for all the constellations)
Rossi, A.
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Alessi, E.
e568e258-5551-44f8-857c-74a7dcbb088c
Valsecchi, G.B.
d4bc15c0-d52d-406f-acbf-f352d73f6566
Lewis, Hugh
e9048cd8-c188-49cb-8e2a-45f6b316336a
Colombo, Camilla
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Anselmo, L.
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Pardini, C.
af51167b-8f38-4021-b0e2-e73cfff28972
Deleflie, F.
264a06a2-c427-4644-95ee-f63353ebb99f
Merz, K.
de31f391-057b-4444-8128-d92ae7fd89ca
Rossi, A.
3139960d-02f0-444c-a7de-aa834513656a
Alessi, E.
e568e258-5551-44f8-857c-74a7dcbb088c
Valsecchi, G.B.
d4bc15c0-d52d-406f-acbf-f352d73f6566
Lewis, Hugh
e9048cd8-c188-49cb-8e2a-45f6b316336a
Colombo, Camilla
595ced96-9494-40f2-9763-ad4a0f96bc86
Anselmo, L.
70474c3f-e140-4278-b038-b6732dd5625b
Pardini, C.
af51167b-8f38-4021-b0e2-e73cfff28972
Deleflie, F.
264a06a2-c427-4644-95ee-f63353ebb99f
Merz, K.
de31f391-057b-4444-8128-d92ae7fd89ca

Rossi, A., Alessi, E., Valsecchi, G.B., Lewis, Hugh, Colombo, Camilla, Anselmo, L., Pardini, C., Deleflie, F. and Merz, K. (2016) The effect of the GNSS disposal strategies on the long term evolution of the MEO region. 67th International Astronautical Congress (IAC 2016), Mexico. 26 - 30 Sep 2016.

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Abstract

The analysis of different disposal strategies for the spacecraft belonging to the Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), with particular emphasis on the European Galileo system is the aim of this study. The results of numerical simulations of the long term evolution scenarios, implementing different disposal strategies, are shown and discussed. A detailed analysis of the collision risk and manoeuvres need, related to the different scenarios, was performed. In terms of the long term evolution, the scenarios where the orbital instabilities are exploited to remove the objects from the operational regions seems favourite. That is, if the focus is on the long term sustainability of the space environment, the possibility to dilute the collision risk and to aim at the re-entry in the atmosphere of a subset of the disposed GNSS spacecraft is the most attractive. The most "problematic" constellations are Glonass and Beidou. This conclusion is driven by the future launch traffic hypothesized for these constellations and by the past practices that left already a significant number of large uncontrolled spacecraft in the constellation orbital zone, in the case of Glonass. On the other hand, the Galileo constellation is well detached from the others and faces the lowest collision risks. The Stable scenarios seems to minimize the interactions (crossings) with the operational constellations and, therefore, might be preferred for operational reasons. In particular, in the Stable scenarios the inter-constellations interaction is negligible. Particular care should be devoted to the efficiency and reliability of the disposal manoeuvers. A significant share of the collision risk faced by the operational satellites in every simulated scenario can be traced back to the "failed" satellites (the success rate of the disposal manoeuvers was assumed to be 90 % for all the constellations)

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The effect of the GNSS disposal strategies on the long term evolution of the MEO region IAC-2016-MEO_rossi - Accepted Manuscript
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Accepted/In Press date: 8 September 2016
e-pub ahead of print date: 26 September 2016
Published date: 26 September 2016
Venue - Dates: 67th International Astronautical Congress (IAC 2016), Mexico, 2016-09-26 - 2016-09-30
Organisations: Aeronautics, Astronautics & Comp. Eng, Astronautics Group

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 408239
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/408239
PURE UUID: 3e57508e-3e2e-44ae-b2eb-8d6431efe2af
ORCID for Camilla Colombo: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-9636-9360

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Date deposited: 18 May 2017 04:01
Last modified: 20 Jul 2019 01:33

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