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THz emitters based on the photo-Dember effect

THz emitters based on the photo-Dember effect
THz emitters based on the photo-Dember effect
The photo-Dember effect is a source of pulsed THz emission following femtosecond pulsed optical excitation. The emission results from the ultrafast spatial separation of electron–hole pairs in carrier gradients due to their different diffusion coefficients. The associated time dependent polarization of the photo-carriers within the photo-Dember emitters is oriented perpendicular to the excited surface. THz emission under photo-excitation can also be due to the surface field effect or optical rectification. We review the studies that attempt to understand surge current and study the surface emission of different semiconductor materials. We also review the work that has been done on increasing the efficiency of THz surface emitters using plasmonic interactions and other resonant effects. We later focus on a new THz emission mechanism called lateral photo-Dember which proposes a scheme for generating strong carrier current parallel to the excited surface, using the Dember field as well as dipole quenching effect. Because the resulting currents are oriented parallel to the surface and the THz radiation is emitted collinearly to the optical excitation. Surprisingly, the lateral photo-Dember THz emitters provide a higher bandwidth than photoconductive emitters. The theory for the mechanism of emission is reviewed and the parameters that affect the performance of the lateral photo-Dember emitters, namely fluence and polarization, are summarized. Finally we review multiplexing geometries with periodically tailored photo-excited spatial carrier distributions that create phase coherent photo-Dember and surface field currents which enhance the THz emission. These multiple emitters can reach electric field amplitudes comparable to a high-efficiency externally biased photoconductive emitter.
0022-3727
1-16
Apostolopoulos, V
8a898740-4c71-4040-a577-9b9d70530b4d
Barnes, M E
0026b438-44fe-40af-9284-552e04675efa
Apostolopoulos, V
8a898740-4c71-4040-a577-9b9d70530b4d
Barnes, M E
0026b438-44fe-40af-9284-552e04675efa

Apostolopoulos, V and Barnes, M E (2014) THz emitters based on the photo-Dember effect. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 47 (37), 1-16, [374002]. (doi:10.1088/0022-3727/47/37/374002).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The photo-Dember effect is a source of pulsed THz emission following femtosecond pulsed optical excitation. The emission results from the ultrafast spatial separation of electron–hole pairs in carrier gradients due to their different diffusion coefficients. The associated time dependent polarization of the photo-carriers within the photo-Dember emitters is oriented perpendicular to the excited surface. THz emission under photo-excitation can also be due to the surface field effect or optical rectification. We review the studies that attempt to understand surge current and study the surface emission of different semiconductor materials. We also review the work that has been done on increasing the efficiency of THz surface emitters using plasmonic interactions and other resonant effects. We later focus on a new THz emission mechanism called lateral photo-Dember which proposes a scheme for generating strong carrier current parallel to the excited surface, using the Dember field as well as dipole quenching effect. Because the resulting currents are oriented parallel to the surface and the THz radiation is emitted collinearly to the optical excitation. Surprisingly, the lateral photo-Dember THz emitters provide a higher bandwidth than photoconductive emitters. The theory for the mechanism of emission is reviewed and the parameters that affect the performance of the lateral photo-Dember emitters, namely fluence and polarization, are summarized. Finally we review multiplexing geometries with periodically tailored photo-excited spatial carrier distributions that create phase coherent photo-Dember and surface field currents which enhance the THz emission. These multiple emitters can reach electric field amplitudes comparable to a high-efficiency externally biased photoconductive emitter.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

e-pub ahead of print date: 28 August 2014
Published date: 17 September 2014
Organisations: Physics & Astronomy, Quantum, Light & Matter Group

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 411332
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/411332
ISSN: 0022-3727
PURE UUID: 4f2d0d33-1b9d-4a2f-9834-7795e4f79354
ORCID for V Apostolopoulos: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-3733-2191

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 19 Jun 2017 16:30
Last modified: 18 Apr 2020 00:30

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