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The fluvial evolution of the Holocene Nile Delta

The fluvial evolution of the Holocene Nile Delta
The fluvial evolution of the Holocene Nile Delta
The evolution of the Nile Delta, the largest delta system in the Mediterranean Sea, has both high palaeoenvironmental and archaeological significance. A dynamic model of the landscape evolution of this delta system is presented for the period c.8000-4500 cal BP. Analysis of sedimentary data and chronostratigraphic information contained within 1640 borehole records has allowed for a redenition of the internal stratigraphy of the Holocene delta, and the construction of a four-dimensional landscape model for the delta's evolution through time. The mid-Holocene environmental evolution is characterised by a transition from an earlier set of spatially varied landscapes dominated by swampy marshland, to better-drained, more uniform floodplain environments. Archaeologically important Pleistocene inliers in the form of sandy hills protruding above the delta plain surface (known as "turtlebacks"), also became smaller as the delta plain continued to aggrade, while the shoreline and coastal zone prograded north. These changes were forced by a decrease in the rate of relative sea-level rise under high rates of sediment-supply. This dynamic environmental evolution needs to be integrated within any discussion of the contemporary developments in the social sphere, which culminated in the emergence of the Ancient Egyptian State c.5050 cal BP.
0277-3791
212-231
Pennington, Ben
e4bbad98-914c-4e9b-958d-54f5f87422b2
Sturt, Fraser
442e14e1-136f-4159-bd8e-b002bf6b95f6
Wilson, Penelope
9d4ba26c-e1de-4646-aeff-9259fc939144
Rowland, Joanne
29080c77-b14c-434e-804a-ea8bf1be2841
Brown, Antony
c51f9d3e-02b0-47da-a483-41c354e78fab
Pennington, Ben
e4bbad98-914c-4e9b-958d-54f5f87422b2
Sturt, Fraser
442e14e1-136f-4159-bd8e-b002bf6b95f6
Wilson, Penelope
9d4ba26c-e1de-4646-aeff-9259fc939144
Rowland, Joanne
29080c77-b14c-434e-804a-ea8bf1be2841
Brown, Antony
c51f9d3e-02b0-47da-a483-41c354e78fab

Pennington, Ben, Sturt, Fraser, Wilson, Penelope, Rowland, Joanne and Brown, Antony (2017) The fluvial evolution of the Holocene Nile Delta. Quaternary Science Reviews, 170, 212-231. (doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.06.017).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The evolution of the Nile Delta, the largest delta system in the Mediterranean Sea, has both high palaeoenvironmental and archaeological significance. A dynamic model of the landscape evolution of this delta system is presented for the period c.8000-4500 cal BP. Analysis of sedimentary data and chronostratigraphic information contained within 1640 borehole records has allowed for a redenition of the internal stratigraphy of the Holocene delta, and the construction of a four-dimensional landscape model for the delta's evolution through time. The mid-Holocene environmental evolution is characterised by a transition from an earlier set of spatially varied landscapes dominated by swampy marshland, to better-drained, more uniform floodplain environments. Archaeologically important Pleistocene inliers in the form of sandy hills protruding above the delta plain surface (known as "turtlebacks"), also became smaller as the delta plain continued to aggrade, while the shoreline and coastal zone prograded north. These changes were forced by a decrease in the rate of relative sea-level rise under high rates of sediment-supply. This dynamic environmental evolution needs to be integrated within any discussion of the contemporary developments in the social sphere, which culminated in the emergence of the Ancient Egyptian State c.5050 cal BP.

Text
Pennington_Fluvial_Evolution_Holocene_Nile_Delta_QSR - Accepted Manuscript
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 16 June 2017
e-pub ahead of print date: 10 July 2017
Published date: 15 August 2017
Organisations: Palaeoenvironment Laboratory (PLUS), Archaeology, Geography & Environment, Southampton Marine & Maritime Institute

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 411413
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/411413
ISSN: 0277-3791
PURE UUID: 22bd159b-4b84-41ad-a0f7-46be8174357a
ORCID for Ben Pennington: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-9969-8140
ORCID for Antony Brown: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-1990-4654

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 20 Jun 2017 16:31
Last modified: 07 Oct 2020 06:05

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