Cotena, Alessia, Gordon, Siamon and Platt, Nick
The class A macrophage scavenger receptor attenuates CXC chemokine production and the early infiltration of neutrophils in sterile peritonitis
Journal of Immunology, 173, (10), .
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The macrophage scavenger receptor (SR-A) is a multifunctional receptor that is associated with several important pathological conditions, including atherosclerosis. In this study, we show, using a sterile peritonitis model, that it can regulate the inflammatory response. SR-A null mice display an increased initial granulocytic infiltration because of overproduction of the CXC chemokines, MIP-2 and keratinocyte-derived cytokine. This differential response is dependent upon particle internalization and can be mimicked by advanced glycation end product-BSA-conjugated latex beads. Thus SR-A is a nonactivating receptor, which is the first example of a pattern recognition receptor that serves to counter the activities of proinflammatory receptors and attenuates the production of specific chemokines to ensure an inflammatory response of the appropriate magnitude.
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