The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

The potential of structural analysis in archaeological simulation and interpretation: a case study of medieval Winchester Cathedral precinct

The potential of structural analysis in archaeological simulation and interpretation: a case study of medieval Winchester Cathedral precinct
The potential of structural analysis in archaeological simulation and interpretation: a case study of medieval Winchester Cathedral precinct
This multidisciplinary PhD provides an integration of structural analysis and archaeological interpretation, focused on the implications of methods used to generate virtual models and the analytical frameworks within which new interpretations emerge. It builds on established connections between disciplines in the University of Southampton’s Faculties of Humanities, Physical Sciences and Engineering, Engineering and the Environment and on the AHRC funded Parnassus and Portus research projects, and on international collaborations developed by the author. The main aims are:
1. To explore the benefits of using structural analysis in an archaeological context;
2. To review different methodologies of archaeological virtual modelling;
3. To investigate how structural analysis can influence the way archaeological graphical
simulations are produced;
4. To evaluate the impact of different surveying methods on the potential and practice of
structural analysis.
Using Winchester cathedral and its precinct as a case study allows the examination of these aims
in the context of:
1. a broad range of different architectural styles;
2. contrasting surveying and prospection methods;
3. varying information including archival data relating to demolished buildings;
4. differing interpretations of the surviving remains.
A number of research questions are provided in relation to each of the buildings examined that fit within the overall research aims. Structural analysis is widely used to determine static, dynamic, and thermal behaviour of physical systems and their components. Several methods can be employed to analyse building and nonbuilding structures. The main purpose of structural analysis is to ensure the adequacy of the design from the viewpoint of safety and serviceability of the structure and to check the strength of existing systems. Although the method plays an important role within many different disciplines, it is rarely applied within archaeology. Therefore, the research presented here is based on the application of structural analysis within archaeology, specifically through archaeological interpretation and (archaeological) modelling of historic buildings and novel integration of voxel and surface techniques. Archaeological modelling is used to reconstruct various interpretations of standing and ruined remains, but many of the models produced may have little or no structural basis and are limited to visual representations of hypotheses. The literature associated with structural analysis is considerable but is focused upon engineering principles, with very few investigations into its use within archaeology. The research bridges this gap between (the two) disciplines, tying in the emphasis of archaeological methods to record historic buildings, both standing and ruined, with structural investigations used within engineering. The thesis includes an up-to-date evaluation of the various tools used within recording, creating an overall analysis of laser scanning, photogrammetry, building surveying, and geophysics within the study of buildings. The overall aim of the research is to develop a tool within the study of computational archaeology that will aid our understanding of how and why historic buildings were built and why some lie in ruins. Archival data (provided by the Cathedral authorities) has been used as a basis to reconstruct the known structures and compare the structural properties to those that are standing. The standing buildings were recorded through terrestrial scanning and building surveying techniques. The models are examined through Finite Element Modelling with collapsed architecture. The work is supported by Winchester Cathedral who has given access to all archival data and buildings. The research has highlighted important issues within computational archaeology and through the basis of failure mechanism inherent within structural modelling; the analysis of archaeological models can be assessed to determine actual form. This provide answers that have until now been unknown. The research has involved a considerable amount of fieldwork to record the necessary data and has comprised mostly the computational analysis needed to attain the structural properties of the standing buildings. These results are used as a basis to analyse the reconstructed models. Overall, the reliability of the precision of reconstructed models can be controversial due to absence of historical information and fabric loss; structural analysis from an archaeological perspective can be seen as an effective alternative tool to traditional reconstruction techniques. The study will lay the foundation for future work that can then be used within a wider aspect of archaeological interpretation that is not limited to buildings.
University of Southampton
Miles, James, Edward
ffac2ce7-0180-4d1e-a6ff-3957fdcc67a0
Miles, James, Edward
ffac2ce7-0180-4d1e-a6ff-3957fdcc67a0
Earl, Graeme
724c73ef-c3dd-4e4f-a7f5-0557e81f8326
Hinton, David
86fa7e26-025e-4168-9322-8dc6d15626f9

Miles, James, Edward (2017) The potential of structural analysis in archaeological simulation and interpretation: a case study of medieval Winchester Cathedral precinct. University of Southampton, Doctoral Thesis, 613pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

This multidisciplinary PhD provides an integration of structural analysis and archaeological interpretation, focused on the implications of methods used to generate virtual models and the analytical frameworks within which new interpretations emerge. It builds on established connections between disciplines in the University of Southampton’s Faculties of Humanities, Physical Sciences and Engineering, Engineering and the Environment and on the AHRC funded Parnassus and Portus research projects, and on international collaborations developed by the author. The main aims are:
1. To explore the benefits of using structural analysis in an archaeological context;
2. To review different methodologies of archaeological virtual modelling;
3. To investigate how structural analysis can influence the way archaeological graphical
simulations are produced;
4. To evaluate the impact of different surveying methods on the potential and practice of
structural analysis.
Using Winchester cathedral and its precinct as a case study allows the examination of these aims
in the context of:
1. a broad range of different architectural styles;
2. contrasting surveying and prospection methods;
3. varying information including archival data relating to demolished buildings;
4. differing interpretations of the surviving remains.
A number of research questions are provided in relation to each of the buildings examined that fit within the overall research aims. Structural analysis is widely used to determine static, dynamic, and thermal behaviour of physical systems and their components. Several methods can be employed to analyse building and nonbuilding structures. The main purpose of structural analysis is to ensure the adequacy of the design from the viewpoint of safety and serviceability of the structure and to check the strength of existing systems. Although the method plays an important role within many different disciplines, it is rarely applied within archaeology. Therefore, the research presented here is based on the application of structural analysis within archaeology, specifically through archaeological interpretation and (archaeological) modelling of historic buildings and novel integration of voxel and surface techniques. Archaeological modelling is used to reconstruct various interpretations of standing and ruined remains, but many of the models produced may have little or no structural basis and are limited to visual representations of hypotheses. The literature associated with structural analysis is considerable but is focused upon engineering principles, with very few investigations into its use within archaeology. The research bridges this gap between (the two) disciplines, tying in the emphasis of archaeological methods to record historic buildings, both standing and ruined, with structural investigations used within engineering. The thesis includes an up-to-date evaluation of the various tools used within recording, creating an overall analysis of laser scanning, photogrammetry, building surveying, and geophysics within the study of buildings. The overall aim of the research is to develop a tool within the study of computational archaeology that will aid our understanding of how and why historic buildings were built and why some lie in ruins. Archival data (provided by the Cathedral authorities) has been used as a basis to reconstruct the known structures and compare the structural properties to those that are standing. The standing buildings were recorded through terrestrial scanning and building surveying techniques. The models are examined through Finite Element Modelling with collapsed architecture. The work is supported by Winchester Cathedral who has given access to all archival data and buildings. The research has highlighted important issues within computational archaeology and through the basis of failure mechanism inherent within structural modelling; the analysis of archaeological models can be assessed to determine actual form. This provide answers that have until now been unknown. The research has involved a considerable amount of fieldwork to record the necessary data and has comprised mostly the computational analysis needed to attain the structural properties of the standing buildings. These results are used as a basis to analyse the reconstructed models. Overall, the reliability of the precision of reconstructed models can be controversial due to absence of historical information and fabric loss; structural analysis from an archaeological perspective can be seen as an effective alternative tool to traditional reconstruction techniques. The study will lay the foundation for future work that can then be used within a wider aspect of archaeological interpretation that is not limited to buildings.

Text
The Potential of Structural Analysis in Archaeological Simulation and Interpretation: - Accepted Manuscript
Restricted to Repository staff only
Available under License University of Southampton Thesis Licence.
Text
James_Miles_Final_Thesis_copyright_amended - Version of Record
Available under License University of Southampton Thesis Licence.
Download (79MB)

More information

Published date: June 2017
Organisations: University of Southampton, Archaeology

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 411809
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/411809
PURE UUID: c97b0ce1-9458-45a5-9812-4cbc203031f4
ORCID for Graeme Earl: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-9077-4605

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 26 Jun 2017 16:31
Last modified: 14 Mar 2019 01:50

Export record

Contributors

Author: James, Edward Miles
Thesis advisor: Graeme Earl ORCID iD
Thesis advisor: David Hinton

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×