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Higher Education reform: a study of quality assurance and the reform policy of Higher Education in the Kurdistan Region-Iraq

Higher Education reform: a study of quality assurance and the reform policy of Higher Education in the Kurdistan Region-Iraq
Higher Education reform: a study of quality assurance and the reform policy of Higher Education in the Kurdistan Region-Iraq
The Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research of the Kurdistan Region Government (MoHESR_KRG) has initiated a reform policy in 2009. The reform has been initiated in order to bring high standards of quality of higher education to the Kurdistan higher education. The reform process has covered all the higher education institutions in the region, whether they are public or private institutions. Generally, the reform process has focused on reforming areas of management and academia but, only the academic area is considered in this study. The academic areas which are covered in this study are teaching quality assurance and curricula development, academicians’ further development, postgraduate and research, assessment and accreditation, and social justice and safety.
The sample selected for this study consists of two public and two private universities and one higher education institution. They have been selected directly based on their students’ and lecturers’ capacity, and academic programs. The sample included 1131 students of whom 801 have responded and 282 lecturers of whom 201 have responded to the questionnaires. Yet, eight junior and senior managers and policy makers have been directly chosen and interviewed. The results of the study show that i) students have negative attitude towards teaching quality assurance program; ii) lecturers have neutral attitude towards the program; iii) policy makers, senior and junior managers have positive attitude about the program; iv) the type of university, whether being in a public university or a private one, has an impact on students’ attitude; and v) gender has no role in students’ attitude towards the quality assurance program. This study is significant for policy makers, decision makers, and academic leaders in higher education institutions in the Kurdistan region because i) it studies the reform policy based on data collected from lecturers, students, junior and senior managers, and policy makers in higher education institutions in the region; ii) it is based on academic interpretation of the reform policy supported by literature on policy studies and reform process; and iii) it can be considered as an academic
assessment of parts of the reform policy to be considered for progress purposes while conducting other assessment studies in the future.
University of Southampton
Ali, Selar, Othman
42fe213e-7a91-4c28-977a-11912f17fe05
Ali, Selar, Othman
42fe213e-7a91-4c28-977a-11912f17fe05
Reynolds, Dave
d9a2f295-e6a4-4ca9-ba47-ea97c32d44f2
Downey, Christopher
9efc52c5-a9ff-447d-a4c8-e717227dcfd0

Ali, Selar, Othman (2017) Higher Education reform: a study of quality assurance and the reform policy of Higher Education in the Kurdistan Region-Iraq. Doctoral Thesis, 283pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

The Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research of the Kurdistan Region Government (MoHESR_KRG) has initiated a reform policy in 2009. The reform has been initiated in order to bring high standards of quality of higher education to the Kurdistan higher education. The reform process has covered all the higher education institutions in the region, whether they are public or private institutions. Generally, the reform process has focused on reforming areas of management and academia but, only the academic area is considered in this study. The academic areas which are covered in this study are teaching quality assurance and curricula development, academicians’ further development, postgraduate and research, assessment and accreditation, and social justice and safety.
The sample selected for this study consists of two public and two private universities and one higher education institution. They have been selected directly based on their students’ and lecturers’ capacity, and academic programs. The sample included 1131 students of whom 801 have responded and 282 lecturers of whom 201 have responded to the questionnaires. Yet, eight junior and senior managers and policy makers have been directly chosen and interviewed. The results of the study show that i) students have negative attitude towards teaching quality assurance program; ii) lecturers have neutral attitude towards the program; iii) policy makers, senior and junior managers have positive attitude about the program; iv) the type of university, whether being in a public university or a private one, has an impact on students’ attitude; and v) gender has no role in students’ attitude towards the quality assurance program. This study is significant for policy makers, decision makers, and academic leaders in higher education institutions in the Kurdistan region because i) it studies the reform policy based on data collected from lecturers, students, junior and senior managers, and policy makers in higher education institutions in the region; ii) it is based on academic interpretation of the reform policy supported by literature on policy studies and reform process; and iii) it can be considered as an academic
assessment of parts of the reform policy to be considered for progress purposes while conducting other assessment studies in the future.

Text Selar_Othman_Ali_thesis_June2017 - Version of Record
Restricted to Repository staff only until 29 December 2018.
Available under License University of Southampton Thesis Licence.

More information

Published date: 2017
Organisations: Southampton Education School

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 411960
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/411960
PURE UUID: a43d69b3-c92b-4b37-8a9d-41c020ed8d04

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 03 Jul 2017 16:31
Last modified: 02 May 2018 16:31

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Contributors

Thesis advisor: Dave Reynolds
Thesis advisor: Christopher Downey

University divisions

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