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Low back pain among office workers in three Spanish-speaking countries: findings from the CUPID study

Low back pain among office workers in three Spanish-speaking countries: findings from the CUPID study
Low back pain among office workers in three Spanish-speaking countries: findings from the CUPID study
Objectives: To assess the differences in the prevalence and incidence of low back pain (LBP) and associated disability among office workers in Costa Rica, Nicaragua and Spain.

Methods: Data were collected at baseline (n=947, 93% response) in November 2007 and at follow-up after 12 months (n=853, 90% response). Six outcome measures were examined: baseline prevalence of (1) LBP in the past 12 months, (2) LBP in the past month and (3) disabling LBP in the past month; and at follow-up: (4) incidence of new LBP in the past month, (5) new disabling LBP and (6) persistent LBP. Differences in prevalence by country were characterised by ORs with 95% CIs, before and after adjustment for covariates.

Results: Prevalence of LBP in the past month among office employees in Costa Rica (46.0%) and Nicaragua (44.2%) was higher than in Spain (33.6%). Incidence of new LBP was 37.0% in Nicaragua (OR=2.49; 95% CI 1.57 to 3.95), 14.9% in Costa Rica (OR=0.74; 95% CI 0.41 to 1.34) and 19.0% in Spain (reference). Incidence of new disabling LBP was higher in Nicaragua (17.2%; OR=2.49; 95% CI 1.43 to 4.34) and Costa Rica (13.6%; OR=1.89; 95% CI 1.03 to 3.48) than Spain (7.7%), while persistence of LBP was higher only in Nicaragua.

Conclusions: Prevalence of LBP and disabling LBP was higher in Costa Rican and Nicaraguan office workers than in Spain, but the incidence was higher mainly in Nicaragua. Measured sociodemographic, job-related and health-related variables only partly explained the differences between countries, and further research is needed to explore reasons for the remaining differences.
158-164
Campos-Fumero, A.
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Delclos, G.L.
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Douphrate, D.I.
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Felknor, S.A.
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Vargas-Prada, S.
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Serra, C.
70d5ef2e-7ab5-476a-89df-3367f8ffd7a6
Coggon, D.
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Gimeno Ruiz de Porras, D.
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Campos-Fumero, A.
a4ebd34b-cdce-490f-97fe-fec7e13a62e5
Delclos, G.L.
305e3c26-e0a4-46fd-85f9-b27a6ef766f8
Douphrate, D.I.
9b825241-6aca-443b-b17d-2e11d7e0d681
Felknor, S.A.
fd0d23fd-9582-4362-8185-1f1b0b62f8c3
Vargas-Prada, S.
5e1b507e-b10c-4e37-9b89-7e9ee396daef
Serra, C.
70d5ef2e-7ab5-476a-89df-3367f8ffd7a6
Coggon, D.
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Gimeno Ruiz de Porras, D.
37966b02-7997-4396-8750-d2a3218f8c50

Campos-Fumero, A., Delclos, G.L., Douphrate, D.I., Felknor, S.A., Vargas-Prada, S., Serra, C., Coggon, D. and Gimeno Ruiz de Porras, D. (2017) Low back pain among office workers in three Spanish-speaking countries: findings from the CUPID study. Injury Prevention, 23 (3), 158-164. (doi:10.1136/injuryprev-2016-042091).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Objectives: To assess the differences in the prevalence and incidence of low back pain (LBP) and associated disability among office workers in Costa Rica, Nicaragua and Spain.

Methods: Data were collected at baseline (n=947, 93% response) in November 2007 and at follow-up after 12 months (n=853, 90% response). Six outcome measures were examined: baseline prevalence of (1) LBP in the past 12 months, (2) LBP in the past month and (3) disabling LBP in the past month; and at follow-up: (4) incidence of new LBP in the past month, (5) new disabling LBP and (6) persistent LBP. Differences in prevalence by country were characterised by ORs with 95% CIs, before and after adjustment for covariates.

Results: Prevalence of LBP in the past month among office employees in Costa Rica (46.0%) and Nicaragua (44.2%) was higher than in Spain (33.6%). Incidence of new LBP was 37.0% in Nicaragua (OR=2.49; 95% CI 1.57 to 3.95), 14.9% in Costa Rica (OR=0.74; 95% CI 0.41 to 1.34) and 19.0% in Spain (reference). Incidence of new disabling LBP was higher in Nicaragua (17.2%; OR=2.49; 95% CI 1.43 to 4.34) and Costa Rica (13.6%; OR=1.89; 95% CI 1.03 to 3.48) than Spain (7.7%), while persistence of LBP was higher only in Nicaragua.

Conclusions: Prevalence of LBP and disabling LBP was higher in Costa Rican and Nicaraguan office workers than in Spain, but the incidence was higher mainly in Nicaragua. Measured sociodemographic, job-related and health-related variables only partly explained the differences between countries, and further research is needed to explore reasons for the remaining differences.

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Accepted/In Press date: 10 August 2016
e-pub ahead of print date: 26 May 2017
Published date: 1 June 2017

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 412790
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/412790
PURE UUID: 11b66c66-c3e3-4761-9cc5-45916a3a4aef
ORCID for D. Coggon: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-1930-3987

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Date deposited: 01 Aug 2017 16:31
Last modified: 20 Jul 2019 01:16

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