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An exploration of the relationship among valence, fading affect, rehearsal frequency, and memory vividness for past personal events

An exploration of the relationship among valence, fading affect, rehearsal frequency, and memory vividness for past personal events
An exploration of the relationship among valence, fading affect, rehearsal frequency, and memory vividness for past personal events

The affect associated with negative (or unpleasant) memories typically tends to fade faster than the affect associated with positive (or pleasant) memories, a phenomenon called the fading affect bias (FAB). We conducted a study to explore the mechanisms related to the FAB. A retrospective recall procedure was used to obtain three self-report measures (memory vividness, rehearsal frequency, affective fading) for both positive events and negative events. Affect for positive events faded less than affect for negative events, and positive events were recalled more vividly than negative events. The perceived vividness of an event (memory vividness) and the extent to which an event has been rehearsed (rehearsal frequency) were explored as possible mediators of the relation between event valence and affect fading. Additional models conceived of affect fading and rehearsal frequency as contributors to a memory’s vividness. Results suggested that memory vividness was a plausible mediator of the relation between an event’s valence and affect fading. Rehearsal frequency was also a plausible mediator of this relation, but only via its effects on memory vividness. Additional modelling results suggested that affect fading and rehearsal frequency were both plausible mediators of the relation between an event’s valence and the event’s rated memory vividness.

fading affect bias, memory, rehearsal, Self, vividness
0965-8211
724-735
Lindeman, Meghan I.H.
2dc197d2-f990-48bd-a516-7ae6db4d3543
Zengel, Bettina
9d343ec9-7b10-45e3-b818-41287d9c4bd5
Skowronski, John J.
47eb23aa-177b-4634-b986-5b935998bf6b
Lindeman, Meghan I.H.
2dc197d2-f990-48bd-a516-7ae6db4d3543
Zengel, Bettina
9d343ec9-7b10-45e3-b818-41287d9c4bd5
Skowronski, John J.
47eb23aa-177b-4634-b986-5b935998bf6b

Lindeman, Meghan I.H., Zengel, Bettina and Skowronski, John J. (2017) An exploration of the relationship among valence, fading affect, rehearsal frequency, and memory vividness for past personal events. Memory, 25, 724-735. (doi:10.1080/09658211.2016.1210172).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The affect associated with negative (or unpleasant) memories typically tends to fade faster than the affect associated with positive (or pleasant) memories, a phenomenon called the fading affect bias (FAB). We conducted a study to explore the mechanisms related to the FAB. A retrospective recall procedure was used to obtain three self-report measures (memory vividness, rehearsal frequency, affective fading) for both positive events and negative events. Affect for positive events faded less than affect for negative events, and positive events were recalled more vividly than negative events. The perceived vividness of an event (memory vividness) and the extent to which an event has been rehearsed (rehearsal frequency) were explored as possible mediators of the relation between event valence and affect fading. Additional models conceived of affect fading and rehearsal frequency as contributors to a memory’s vividness. Results suggested that memory vividness was a plausible mediator of the relation between an event’s valence and affect fading. Rehearsal frequency was also a plausible mediator of this relation, but only via its effects on memory vividness. Additional modelling results suggested that affect fading and rehearsal frequency were both plausible mediators of the relation between an event’s valence and the event’s rated memory vividness.

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FAB and Imagery Resubmission Final - Accepted Manuscript
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 1 July 2016
e-pub ahead of print date: 18 July 2016
Published date: June 2017
Keywords: fading affect bias, memory, rehearsal, Self, vividness

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 413073
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/413073
ISSN: 0965-8211
PURE UUID: 765ae399-8c7e-444a-98cc-6a55e923b84e
ORCID for Bettina Zengel: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-0871-3158

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 14 Aug 2017 16:31
Last modified: 10 Sep 2019 05:03

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