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Spontaneous trait inference and spontaneous trait transference are both unaffected by prior evaluations of informants

Spontaneous trait inference and spontaneous trait transference are both unaffected by prior evaluations of informants
Spontaneous trait inference and spontaneous trait transference are both unaffected by prior evaluations of informants

This article reports results from a study in which participants encountered either (a) previously known informants who were positive (e.g. Abraham Lincoln), neutral (e.g., Jay Leno), or negative (e.g., Adolf Hitler), or (b) previously unknown informants. The informants ostensibly described either a trait-implicative positive behavior, a trait-implicative negative behavior, or a neutral behavior. These descriptions were framed as either the behavior of the informant or the behavior of another person. Results yielded evidence of informant-trait linkages for both self-informants and for informants who described another person. These effects were not moderated by informant type, behavior valence, or the congruency or incongruency between the prior knowledge of the informant and the behavior valence. Results are discussed in terms of theories of Spontaneous Trait Inference and Spontaneous Trait Transference.

Social judgment, spontaneous trait inference, spontaneous trait transference, trait inferences
0022-4545
1-6
Zengel, Bettina
9d343ec9-7b10-45e3-b818-41287d9c4bd5
Ambler, James K.
811b2397-9120-424c-a4f5-cc41f3afd2f2
McCarthy, Randy J.
47f5099f-3ce2-483f-9c4a-7abb93de4fdd
Skowronski, John J.
47eb23aa-177b-4634-b986-5b935998bf6b
Zengel, Bettina
9d343ec9-7b10-45e3-b818-41287d9c4bd5
Ambler, James K.
811b2397-9120-424c-a4f5-cc41f3afd2f2
McCarthy, Randy J.
47f5099f-3ce2-483f-9c4a-7abb93de4fdd
Skowronski, John J.
47eb23aa-177b-4634-b986-5b935998bf6b

Zengel, Bettina, Ambler, James K., McCarthy, Randy J. and Skowronski, John J. (2017) Spontaneous trait inference and spontaneous trait transference are both unaffected by prior evaluations of informants. The Journal of Social Psychology, 157 (3), 1-6. (doi:10.1080/00224545.2016.1192099).

Record type: Article

Abstract

This article reports results from a study in which participants encountered either (a) previously known informants who were positive (e.g. Abraham Lincoln), neutral (e.g., Jay Leno), or negative (e.g., Adolf Hitler), or (b) previously unknown informants. The informants ostensibly described either a trait-implicative positive behavior, a trait-implicative negative behavior, or a neutral behavior. These descriptions were framed as either the behavior of the informant or the behavior of another person. Results yielded evidence of informant-trait linkages for both self-informants and for informants who described another person. These effects were not moderated by informant type, behavior valence, or the congruency or incongruency between the prior knowledge of the informant and the behavior valence. Results are discussed in terms of theories of Spontaneous Trait Inference and Spontaneous Trait Transference.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 19 April 2016
e-pub ahead of print date: 24 May 2016
Published date: 2017
Keywords: Social judgment, spontaneous trait inference, spontaneous trait transference, trait inferences

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 413494
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/413494
ISSN: 0022-4545
PURE UUID: adc9987b-eb98-40d8-a75a-400f4e74c2c8
ORCID for Bettina Zengel: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-0871-3158

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Date deposited: 24 Aug 2017 16:31
Last modified: 14 Mar 2019 01:26

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Contributors

Author: Bettina Zengel ORCID iD
Author: James K. Ambler
Author: Randy J. McCarthy
Author: John J. Skowronski

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