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Resilience to hazards: rice farmers in the Mahanadi Delta, India

Resilience to hazards: rice farmers in the Mahanadi Delta, India
Resilience to hazards: rice farmers in the Mahanadi Delta, India
Developing country deltas are important food producing areas and are home to large numbers of subsistence farmers. In particular, rice farmers dominate the populous deltas of South and South-East Asia and face frequent climate hazards which have short- and long-term impacts on rice production and livelihoods. The aim of this study is to identify and explain proximal and ultimate factors (land access, cultural practices, and institutional support) that affect rice farmer resilience; that is to explain why some farmers are more sensitive to climate shocks, why some farmers suffer long-term impacts from climate shocks, and what underlying 'ultimate' factors reproduce this vulnerability over time. We undertake this analysis using qualitative interviews and household survey data from two districts in the Mahanadi Delta, Odisha, India. We show that climate hazards cause rice production shocks that are problematic for farmers as rice is predominantly used for household consumption in a context of unreliable off-farm income sources and a lack of insurance and credit. Our research emphasizes that 'ultimate' drivers interact with the current mode of rice cultivation to reproduce a low resilience farming state. We argue that agricultural development interventions seeking to make rice farming more resilient to climate hazards should focus on boosting productivity and shock-resistance, but also be cognizant of the system within which rice farming is practiced and the contextual 'ultimate' factors that reproduce vulnerability.
1708-3087
Duncan, John
9557e2c5-33e1-4c76-a60e-b703565febed
Tompkins, Emma
a6116704-7140-4e37-bea1-2cbf39b138c3
Dash, Jadunandan
51468afb-3d56-4d3a-aace-736b63e9fac8
Tripathy, Basundhara
d4f76474-48d7-453f-b9cb-0aed1361fbaa
Duncan, John
9557e2c5-33e1-4c76-a60e-b703565febed
Tompkins, Emma
a6116704-7140-4e37-bea1-2cbf39b138c3
Dash, Jadunandan
51468afb-3d56-4d3a-aace-736b63e9fac8
Tripathy, Basundhara
d4f76474-48d7-453f-b9cb-0aed1361fbaa

Duncan, John, Tompkins, Emma, Dash, Jadunandan and Tripathy, Basundhara (2017) Resilience to hazards: rice farmers in the Mahanadi Delta, India. Ecology and Society, 22 (4), [3]. (doi:10.5751/ES-09559-220403).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Developing country deltas are important food producing areas and are home to large numbers of subsistence farmers. In particular, rice farmers dominate the populous deltas of South and South-East Asia and face frequent climate hazards which have short- and long-term impacts on rice production and livelihoods. The aim of this study is to identify and explain proximal and ultimate factors (land access, cultural practices, and institutional support) that affect rice farmer resilience; that is to explain why some farmers are more sensitive to climate shocks, why some farmers suffer long-term impacts from climate shocks, and what underlying 'ultimate' factors reproduce this vulnerability over time. We undertake this analysis using qualitative interviews and household survey data from two districts in the Mahanadi Delta, Odisha, India. We show that climate hazards cause rice production shocks that are problematic for farmers as rice is predominantly used for household consumption in a context of unreliable off-farm income sources and a lack of insurance and credit. Our research emphasizes that 'ultimate' drivers interact with the current mode of rice cultivation to reproduce a low resilience farming state. We argue that agricultural development interventions seeking to make rice farming more resilient to climate hazards should focus on boosting productivity and shock-resistance, but also be cognizant of the system within which rice farming is practiced and the contextual 'ultimate' factors that reproduce vulnerability.

Text
ES-2017-9559 (Version 3 of ES-2016-8755) - Accepted Manuscript
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 16 August 2017
e-pub ahead of print date: 11 October 2017
Published date: December 2017

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 413822
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/413822
ISSN: 1708-3087
PURE UUID: a468014a-4445-4857-afce-0769d98598c4
ORCID for Jadunandan Dash: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-5444-2109

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Date deposited: 07 Sep 2017 16:31
Last modified: 18 Feb 2021 17:01

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Contributors

Author: John Duncan
Author: Emma Tompkins
Author: Jadunandan Dash ORCID iD
Author: Basundhara Tripathy

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