The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Water column dynamics during the last interglacial anoxic event in the Mediterranean (sapropel S5)

Rohling, E.J., Hopmans, E.C. and Sinninghe-Damste, J.S. (2006) Water column dynamics during the last interglacial anoxic event in the Mediterranean (sapropel S5) Paleoceanography, 21, PA2018. (doi:10.1029/2005PA001237).

Record type: Article


Marine organic-rich sediments are important for long-term carbon sequestration, and as a source of fossil hydrocarbons, but the processes underlying their formation remain elusive. We present a multiproxy analysis of a relatively recent, well-preserved Mediterranean organic-rich deposit known as sapropel S5, which formed 124–119 thousand years ago (ka B.P., where B.P. references year 1950). Combining planktonic foraminiferal abundance records with stable isotope and organic biomarker data, we reconcile the apparently contradicting coexistence of deep-dwelling foraminiferal faunas with green sulphur bacteria that indicate photic zone euxinia. S5 started with a rapid freshwater-induced increase of density stratification that inhibited vertical mixing and deepwater ventilation. Through the first 900 years, anoxic to euxinic deepwater conditions developed and extended up to roughly 200 m water depth. Then followed a 4100-year period of variability in the depth/intensity of winter mixing with a roughly 1400-year periodicity, coincident with fluctuations in water column stability. S5 terminated with a marked decrease in density stratification and consequently renewed convective overturn.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: 2006


Local EPrints ID: 41403
ISSN: 0883-8305
PURE UUID: 196849cd-7de4-42fe-9b90-4ca58bb0e091
ORCID for E.J. Rohling: ORCID iD

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 01 Sep 2006
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 15:30

Export record



Author: E.J. Rohling ORCID iD
Author: E.C. Hopmans
Author: J.S. Sinninghe-Damste

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.