The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Understanding funerary patterns in the Roman landscape. The case of the lower basin of the Chiese river (Brescia), in Gallia Cisalpina

Understanding funerary patterns in the Roman landscape. The case of the lower basin of the Chiese river (Brescia), in Gallia Cisalpina
Understanding funerary patterns in the Roman landscape. The case of the lower basin of the Chiese river (Brescia), in Gallia Cisalpina
The thesis focuses on assessing the impact of Rome on the funerary landscapes of Gallia Cisalpina (Transpadana), in order to gain a better understanding of the phenomena of cultural influences and cultural change. Roman patterns of burial location – specifically their relationship to the boundaries of rural division (limitatio) and roads – are explored and contrasted with pre-Roman burial patterns. The aim is to track phenomena of continuity or change in funerary locations, which are here interpreted as forming an integral part of the broader sphere of mortuary behaviour and funerary customs. Such phenomena are considered significant in terms of the cultural impact of Rome on the native communities of Gallia Transpadana. The research puts forward that burial location strategies are informative about self-perception and identity claims of individuals in the transition from the La Tène to the Roman period and are crucial to understand the chronology of cultural change. The area investigated, the lower basin of the Chiese River (Brescia), is archaeologically wellknown and was of great importance in pre-Roman (La Tène) and Roman times. Nonetheless, the spatial interrelations of the “places of the living” (settlements, roads and centuriation) and the “places of the dead” have not been investigated, nor indeed have they been a subject of research in Classical studies in general. This thesis aims to fill this gap. Roman cemeteries have been studied almost exclusively in isolation, overlooking their broader context and their spatial relationships with other anthropic elements of the landscape. Therefore, this thesis suggests that funerary landscapes and the study of mortuary patterns in the countryside in particular are an innovative lens through which to look at cultural phenomena. Preliminary to the investigation of funerary patterns in the two chosen study areas have been the creation of an updated catalogue of archaeological evidence and the reconstruction of centuriation. The methodology employed, encompassing archival and bibliographical research, cartographic and photographic sources, geomorphological and hydrological study and GIS applications, allowed me to thoroughly understand funerary and nonfunerary elements in the first study area. Therefore, the thesis makes an important contribution to the archaeological knowledge of these areas of Transpadana. A “surgical” study has been carried out on the second case study (Remedello) as the absence of a centuriation hypothesis in the area prevented the investigation of funerary patterns. Such a gap was the occasion to test a combined methodology that added to the one employed for the first case study the remote sensing and the archaeomorphological analysis, with the aim of proposing a centuriation hypothesis from where to assess the funerary patterns of the area. Therefore, the contribution of the thesis is also methodological since an innovative, multifaceted approach is proposed, which weds the historictopographical approach with the practices of the landscape archaeology.
University of Southampton
Botturi, Chiara
0f5459ff-9f90-493e-b4ff-b35c8d0586af
Botturi, Chiara
0f5459ff-9f90-493e-b4ff-b35c8d0586af
Keay, Simon
52b4cdfd-fc5e-4fa0-bd3e-8dd896624f41
Mladenovic, Dragana Ehrismann
7b10b3ca-e3f2-488c-81d8-6bc406449002

Botturi, Chiara (2017) Understanding funerary patterns in the Roman landscape. The case of the lower basin of the Chiese river (Brescia), in Gallia Cisalpina. University of Southampton, Doctoral Thesis, 409pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

The thesis focuses on assessing the impact of Rome on the funerary landscapes of Gallia Cisalpina (Transpadana), in order to gain a better understanding of the phenomena of cultural influences and cultural change. Roman patterns of burial location – specifically their relationship to the boundaries of rural division (limitatio) and roads – are explored and contrasted with pre-Roman burial patterns. The aim is to track phenomena of continuity or change in funerary locations, which are here interpreted as forming an integral part of the broader sphere of mortuary behaviour and funerary customs. Such phenomena are considered significant in terms of the cultural impact of Rome on the native communities of Gallia Transpadana. The research puts forward that burial location strategies are informative about self-perception and identity claims of individuals in the transition from the La Tène to the Roman period and are crucial to understand the chronology of cultural change. The area investigated, the lower basin of the Chiese River (Brescia), is archaeologically wellknown and was of great importance in pre-Roman (La Tène) and Roman times. Nonetheless, the spatial interrelations of the “places of the living” (settlements, roads and centuriation) and the “places of the dead” have not been investigated, nor indeed have they been a subject of research in Classical studies in general. This thesis aims to fill this gap. Roman cemeteries have been studied almost exclusively in isolation, overlooking their broader context and their spatial relationships with other anthropic elements of the landscape. Therefore, this thesis suggests that funerary landscapes and the study of mortuary patterns in the countryside in particular are an innovative lens through which to look at cultural phenomena. Preliminary to the investigation of funerary patterns in the two chosen study areas have been the creation of an updated catalogue of archaeological evidence and the reconstruction of centuriation. The methodology employed, encompassing archival and bibliographical research, cartographic and photographic sources, geomorphological and hydrological study and GIS applications, allowed me to thoroughly understand funerary and nonfunerary elements in the first study area. Therefore, the thesis makes an important contribution to the archaeological knowledge of these areas of Transpadana. A “surgical” study has been carried out on the second case study (Remedello) as the absence of a centuriation hypothesis in the area prevented the investigation of funerary patterns. Such a gap was the occasion to test a combined methodology that added to the one employed for the first case study the remote sensing and the archaeomorphological analysis, with the aim of proposing a centuriation hypothesis from where to assess the funerary patterns of the area. Therefore, the contribution of the thesis is also methodological since an innovative, multifaceted approach is proposed, which weds the historictopographical approach with the practices of the landscape archaeology.

Text
UNDERSTANDING FUNERARY PATTERNS IN THE ROMAN LANDSCAPE. THE CASE OF THE LOWER BASIN OF THE CHIESE RIVER (BRESCIA), IN GALLIA CISALPINA - Version of Record
Available under License University of Southampton Thesis Licence.
Download (113MB)

More information

Published date: July 2017

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 414079
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/414079
PURE UUID: 583fd017-e068-4f3d-884e-f4988478c671

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 14 Sep 2017 16:31
Last modified: 13 Mar 2019 19:27

Export record

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×