The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Emergency department patient classification systems: a systematic review

Williams, Susan and Crouch, Robert (2006) Emergency department patient classification systems: a systematic review Accident and Emergency Nursing, 14, (3), pp. 160-170. (doi:10.1016/j.aaen.2006.06.002).

Record type: Article


Background The emergency department is a dynamic environment with a high throughput of patients. The clinical stability of patients varies considerably. In order to provide optimal care for patients a responsive staffing pattern is required. There is a need for a valid and reliable, prospective, emergency department patient classification system to set adequate nurse staffing levels in the UK.
Aims and objectives To conduct a systematic review of the literature and determine the validity, reliability, strengths and weaknesses of emergency department patient classification systems.
Methods The following electronic databases were searched for years 1985–2004: MEDLINE; CINAHL; COCHRANE Library databases DARE, CDSR, CCTR, BioMedNet Reviews, National Research Register (NRR). Manual searches were also conducted and relevant references retrieved from those listed in key papers, reports, theses and dissertations. Studies were also retrieved by contacting researchers in the field.
Results Twelve patient classification systems met all the inclusion criteria. Only three systems reported evidence of good validity and reliability: the ED Patient Needs Matrix developed in the US, the Conner’s Tool (a modified version of the ED Patient Needs Matrix) developed in Australia and the Jones Dependency Tool developed in the UK.
Conclusion There are very few patient classification systems developed for use in the ED setting that have demonstrated good validity and reliability. The Jones Dependency Tool is a simple, easy to use prospective, patient classification system that has demonstrated good validity and reliability in the UK.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: July 2006
Keywords: patient classification systems, patient dependency, emergency nursing, systematic review, patient care planning, workforce planning


Local EPrints ID: 41446
PURE UUID: 9ff95c23-7900-4e61-a5e6-0bfaff9ff1f9

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 08 Sep 2006
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 15:30

Export record



Author: Susan Williams
Author: Robert Crouch

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.