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The GATS regulatory challenges and the New Governance approaches

The GATS regulatory challenges and the New Governance approaches
The GATS regulatory challenges and the New Governance approaches
This thesis recommends a shift in the regulatory paradigm of the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS). GATS relies on binding legal disciplines for governing the multilateral services trade. The thesis argues that this is not an entirely appropriate approach in view of the peculiar nature of the services trade, and may have been the cause of the negligible services trade gains to date. The services trade rule-making in GATS is currently guided by the view that its legal disciplines need to be further strengthened. These disciplines mainly pertain to domestic regulatory measures which affect the services trade. The thesis however supports the argument that more flexible regulatory approaches are better suited to the governance of the multilateral services trade.
Drawing some lessons for improving the GATS framework in these terms, the thesis carries out a case study of the financial services trade liberalization in the EU. This case study reveals the use of regulatory innovations in EU governance to make it more effective. Such regulatory innovations are sometimes termed as ‘New Governance’ approaches. They are flexible, deliberative and participatory in nature, and do not rely on binding legal mechanisms. Thus they offer greater potential for protecting EU Members’ regulatory autonomy, whilst executing its trade liberalization agenda. The thesis explores the possibility of utilizing similar approaches in GATS governance. It makes recommendations for improving GATS effectiveness through balancing its trade liberalization objectives with the WTO Members’ domestic regulatory autonomy. A change in the GATS regulatory outlook is seen as a tool to achieve this purpose, with more flexible approaches to governance being a step towards this goal.
University of Southampton
Zehra, Samina Taslim
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Zehra, Samina Taslim
13189a71-421f-45ea-93e8-2332fb7b981c
Reid, Emily
a92c07ed-6f38-49fc-a890-0339489df255

Zehra, Samina Taslim (2016) The GATS regulatory challenges and the New Governance approaches. University of Southampton, Doctoral Thesis, 251pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

This thesis recommends a shift in the regulatory paradigm of the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS). GATS relies on binding legal disciplines for governing the multilateral services trade. The thesis argues that this is not an entirely appropriate approach in view of the peculiar nature of the services trade, and may have been the cause of the negligible services trade gains to date. The services trade rule-making in GATS is currently guided by the view that its legal disciplines need to be further strengthened. These disciplines mainly pertain to domestic regulatory measures which affect the services trade. The thesis however supports the argument that more flexible regulatory approaches are better suited to the governance of the multilateral services trade.
Drawing some lessons for improving the GATS framework in these terms, the thesis carries out a case study of the financial services trade liberalization in the EU. This case study reveals the use of regulatory innovations in EU governance to make it more effective. Such regulatory innovations are sometimes termed as ‘New Governance’ approaches. They are flexible, deliberative and participatory in nature, and do not rely on binding legal mechanisms. Thus they offer greater potential for protecting EU Members’ regulatory autonomy, whilst executing its trade liberalization agenda. The thesis explores the possibility of utilizing similar approaches in GATS governance. It makes recommendations for improving GATS effectiveness through balancing its trade liberalization objectives with the WTO Members’ domestic regulatory autonomy. A change in the GATS regulatory outlook is seen as a tool to achieve this purpose, with more flexible approaches to governance being a step towards this goal.

Text
Final submission of thesis - Version of Record
Available under License University of Southampton Thesis Licence.
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Published date: September 2016

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 414694
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/414694
PURE UUID: 92387e6d-abea-4b68-9b2e-e405502f341a
ORCID for Emily Reid: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5780-6759

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 05 Oct 2017 16:31
Last modified: 02 Oct 2019 04:01

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