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Recommendations for developing and applying genetic tools to assess and manage biological invasions in marine ecosystems

Recommendations for developing and applying genetic tools to assess and manage biological invasions in marine ecosystems
Recommendations for developing and applying genetic tools to assess and manage biological invasions in marine ecosystems
The European Union’s Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) aims to adopt integrated ecosystem management approaches to achieve or maintain “Good Environmental Status” for marine waters, habitats and resources, including mitigation of the negative effects of non-indigenous species (NIS). The Directive further seeks to promote broadly standardized monitoring efforts and assessment of temporal trends in marine ecosystem condition, incorporating metrics describing the distribution and impacts of NIS. Accomplishing these goals will require application of advanced tools for NIS surveillance and risk assessment, particularly given known challenges associated with surveying and monitoring with traditional methods. In the past decade, a host of methods based on nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) analysis have been developed or advanced that promise to dramatically enhance capacity in assessing and managing NIS. However, ensuring that these rapidly evolving approaches remain accessible and responsive to the needs of resource managers remains a challenge. This paper provides recommendations for future development of these genetic tools for assessment and management of NIS in marine systems, within the context of the explicit requirements of the MSFD. Issues considered include technological innovation, methodological standardization, data sharing and collaboration, and the critical importance of shared foundational resources, particularly integrated taxonomic expertise. Though the recommendations offered here are not exhaustive, they provide a basis for future intentional (and international) collaborative development of a genetic toolkit for NIS research, capable of fulfilling the immediate and long term goals of marine ecosystem and resource conservation.
0308-597X
54-64
Darling, John A.
62153b55-176a-4909-8925-a7374af27bb1
Galil, Bella S.
8b4522bd-27a9-4c4c-aaab-7e9616ee5fe9
Carvalho, Gary R.
fe03b393-a1af-4639-8a93-684e58d3434a
Rius, Marc
c4e88345-4b4e-4428-b4b2-37229155f68d
Viard, Frédérique
f2da9a11-b5ce-4566-ad8d-d77d6404d036
Piraino, Stefano
488fff85-6aeb-4464-a1a0-5fe0f8d2a851
Darling, John A.
62153b55-176a-4909-8925-a7374af27bb1
Galil, Bella S.
8b4522bd-27a9-4c4c-aaab-7e9616ee5fe9
Carvalho, Gary R.
fe03b393-a1af-4639-8a93-684e58d3434a
Rius, Marc
c4e88345-4b4e-4428-b4b2-37229155f68d
Viard, Frédérique
f2da9a11-b5ce-4566-ad8d-d77d6404d036
Piraino, Stefano
488fff85-6aeb-4464-a1a0-5fe0f8d2a851

Darling, John A., Galil, Bella S., Carvalho, Gary R., Rius, Marc, Viard, Frédérique and Piraino, Stefano (2017) Recommendations for developing and applying genetic tools to assess and manage biological invasions in marine ecosystems. Marine Policy, 85, 54-64. (doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2017.08.014).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The European Union’s Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) aims to adopt integrated ecosystem management approaches to achieve or maintain “Good Environmental Status” for marine waters, habitats and resources, including mitigation of the negative effects of non-indigenous species (NIS). The Directive further seeks to promote broadly standardized monitoring efforts and assessment of temporal trends in marine ecosystem condition, incorporating metrics describing the distribution and impacts of NIS. Accomplishing these goals will require application of advanced tools for NIS surveillance and risk assessment, particularly given known challenges associated with surveying and monitoring with traditional methods. In the past decade, a host of methods based on nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) analysis have been developed or advanced that promise to dramatically enhance capacity in assessing and managing NIS. However, ensuring that these rapidly evolving approaches remain accessible and responsive to the needs of resource managers remains a challenge. This paper provides recommendations for future development of these genetic tools for assessment and management of NIS in marine systems, within the context of the explicit requirements of the MSFD. Issues considered include technological innovation, methodological standardization, data sharing and collaboration, and the critical importance of shared foundational resources, particularly integrated taxonomic expertise. Though the recommendations offered here are not exhaustive, they provide a basis for future intentional (and international) collaborative development of a genetic toolkit for NIS research, capable of fulfilling the immediate and long term goals of marine ecosystem and resource conservation.

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Accepted/In Press date: 14 August 2017
e-pub ahead of print date: 29 August 2017
Published date: 1 November 2017

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 414720
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/414720
ISSN: 0308-597X
PURE UUID: d06c4db6-53ad-4514-8314-88aee2cae242

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Date deposited: 09 Oct 2017 16:30
Last modified: 27 Apr 2022 12:21

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Contributors

Author: John A. Darling
Author: Bella S. Galil
Author: Gary R. Carvalho
Author: Marc Rius
Author: Frédérique Viard
Author: Stefano Piraino

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