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Unpacking the differential impact of family planning policies in China: analysis of parity progression ratios from retrospective birth history data, 1971-2005

Unpacking the differential impact of family planning policies in China: analysis of parity progression ratios from retrospective birth history data, 1971-2005
Unpacking the differential impact of family planning policies in China: analysis of parity progression ratios from retrospective birth history data, 1971-2005
Summary. Although China’s family planning programme is often referred to in the singular, most notably the ‘one child policy’ in reality there have been a number of different policies in place simultaneously, targeted at different sub-populations characterised by region and socio economic conditions. This study represents the first attempt to systematically assess the differential impact of China’s family planning programmes over the past 40 years. To achieve this, the paper examines the contribution of parity progression ratios to fertility change among different sub-populations exposed to various Family Planning Policies (FPP) over time. Cross-sectional birth history data from six consecutive rounds of nationally representative population and family planning surveys from early 1970s till mid-2000 are used, covering all geographical regions of China. Four sub-populations exposed to differential FPP regimes are identified. The analyses provide compelling evidence of the influential role of FPP in reducing higher parity progression ratios across different sub populations, particularly in urban China where fertility dropped to replacement level even before the implementation of the one-child policy. The prevailing socioeconomic conditions in turn have been instrumental in adapting and accelerating FPP responses to reducing fertility levels across China.
0021-9320
1-23
Qin, Min
10d55bfb-f7e6-409a-bcc5-6d2ba1f743e8
Falkingham, Jane
8df36615-1547-4a6d-ad55-aa9496e85519
Padmadas, Sabu
64b6ab89-152b-48a3-838b-e9167964b508
Qin, Min
10d55bfb-f7e6-409a-bcc5-6d2ba1f743e8
Falkingham, Jane
8df36615-1547-4a6d-ad55-aa9496e85519
Padmadas, Sabu
64b6ab89-152b-48a3-838b-e9167964b508

Qin, Min, Falkingham, Jane and Padmadas, Sabu (2018) Unpacking the differential impact of family planning policies in China: analysis of parity progression ratios from retrospective birth history data, 1971-2005. Journal of Biosocial Science, 1-23. (doi:10.1017/S002193201700061X).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Summary. Although China’s family planning programme is often referred to in the singular, most notably the ‘one child policy’ in reality there have been a number of different policies in place simultaneously, targeted at different sub-populations characterised by region and socio economic conditions. This study represents the first attempt to systematically assess the differential impact of China’s family planning programmes over the past 40 years. To achieve this, the paper examines the contribution of parity progression ratios to fertility change among different sub-populations exposed to various Family Planning Policies (FPP) over time. Cross-sectional birth history data from six consecutive rounds of nationally representative population and family planning surveys from early 1970s till mid-2000 are used, covering all geographical regions of China. Four sub-populations exposed to differential FPP regimes are identified. The analyses provide compelling evidence of the influential role of FPP in reducing higher parity progression ratios across different sub populations, particularly in urban China where fertility dropped to replacement level even before the implementation of the one-child policy. The prevailing socioeconomic conditions in turn have been instrumental in adapting and accelerating FPP responses to reducing fertility levels across China.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 4 October 2017
e-pub ahead of print date: 10 January 2018

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 414747
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/414747
ISSN: 0021-9320
PURE UUID: 92b28c9f-4398-46e6-8629-9db42f3447c5
ORCID for Sabu Padmadas: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-6538-9374

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 10 Oct 2017 16:31
Last modified: 29 Sep 2018 00:33

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