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The stoichiometric dissociation constants of carbonic acid in seawater brines from 298 to 267 K

The stoichiometric dissociation constants of carbonic acid in seawater brines from 298 to 267 K
The stoichiometric dissociation constants of carbonic acid in seawater brines from 298 to 267 K
The stoichiometric dissociation constants of carbonic acid ( K1C∗ and K2C∗ ) were determined by measurement of all four measurable parameters of the carbonate system (total alkalinity, total dissolved inorganic carbon, pH on the total proton scale, and CO2 fugacity) in natural seawater and seawater-derived brines, with a major ion composition equivalent to that of Reference Seawater, to practical salinity (SP) 100 and from 25 °C to the freezing point of these solutions and −6 °C temperature minimum. These values, reported in the total proton scale, provide the first such determinations at below-zero temperatures and for SP > 50. The temperature (T, in Kelvin) and SP dependence of the current pK1C∗ and pK2C∗ (as negative common logarithms) within the salinity and temperature ranges of this study (33 ≤ SP ≤ 100, −6 °C ≤ t ≤ 25 °C) is described by the following best-fit equations: pK1C∗ = −176.48 + 6.14528 SP0.5 − 0.127714 SP + 7.396 × 10−5 SP2 + (9914.37 − 622.886 SP0.5 + 29.714 SP) T−1 + (26.05129 − 0.666812 SP0.5 ) lnT (σ = 0.011, n = 62), and pK2C∗ = −323.52692 + 27.557655 SP0.5 + 0.154922 SP − 2.48396 × 10−4 SP2 + (14763.287 − 1014.819 SP0.5 − 14.35223 SP) T−1 + (50.385807 − 4.4630415 SP0.5 ) lnT (σ = 0.020, n = 62). These functions are suitable for application to investigations of the carbonate system of internal sea ice brines with a conservative major ion composition relative to that of Reference Seawater and within the temperature and salinity ranges of this study.
0016-7037
55-70
Papadimitriou, Stathys
127a801b-c64a-4287-811b-e1c56407edd5
Loucaides, Socratis
5d0c31a4-269d-44a5-a858-13dc609ae072
Rérolle, Victoire M.C.
9b7aab63-4055-44f2-bbb4-8ba7b0ebc9bf
Kennedy, Paul
6fcab7ec-6109-4112-99cc-7bcda4566b0c
Achterberg, Eric P.
685ce961-8c45-4503-9f03-50f6561202b9
Dickson, Andrew G.
225290d7-686a-4ce2-a960-18fa1447a611
Mowlem, Matthew
6f633ca2-298f-48ee-a025-ce52dd62124f
Kennedy, Hilary
932c7e9a-772b-4610-8d57-bdfcee9fd791
Papadimitriou, Stathys, Loucaides, Socratis, Rérolle, Victoire M.C., Kennedy, Paul, Achterberg, Eric P., Dickson, Andrew G., Mowlem, Matthew and Kennedy, Hilary (2018) The stoichiometric dissociation constants of carbonic acid in seawater brines from 298 to 267 K Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 220, pp. 55-70. (doi:10.1016/j.gca.2017.09.037).

Papadimitriou, Stathys, Loucaides, Socratis, Rérolle, Victoire M.C., Kennedy, Paul, Achterberg, Eric P., Dickson, Andrew G., Mowlem, Matthew and Kennedy, Hilary (2018) The stoichiometric dissociation constants of carbonic acid in seawater brines from 298 to 267 K Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 220, pp. 55-70. (doi:10.1016/j.gca.2017.09.037).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The stoichiometric dissociation constants of carbonic acid ( K1C∗ and K2C∗ ) were determined by measurement of all four measurable parameters of the carbonate system (total alkalinity, total dissolved inorganic carbon, pH on the total proton scale, and CO2 fugacity) in natural seawater and seawater-derived brines, with a major ion composition equivalent to that of Reference Seawater, to practical salinity (SP) 100 and from 25 °C to the freezing point of these solutions and −6 °C temperature minimum. These values, reported in the total proton scale, provide the first such determinations at below-zero temperatures and for SP > 50. The temperature (T, in Kelvin) and SP dependence of the current pK1C∗ and pK2C∗ (as negative common logarithms) within the salinity and temperature ranges of this study (33 ≤ SP ≤ 100, −6 °C ≤ t ≤ 25 °C) is described by the following best-fit equations: pK1C∗ = −176.48 + 6.14528 SP0.5 − 0.127714 SP + 7.396 × 10−5 SP2 + (9914.37 − 622.886 SP0.5 + 29.714 SP) T−1 + (26.05129 − 0.666812 SP0.5 ) lnT (σ = 0.011, n = 62), and pK2C∗ = −323.52692 + 27.557655 SP0.5 + 0.154922 SP − 2.48396 × 10−4 SP2 + (14763.287 − 1014.819 SP0.5 − 14.35223 SP) T−1 + (50.385807 − 4.4630415 SP0.5 ) lnT (σ = 0.020, n = 62). These functions are suitable for application to investigations of the carbonate system of internal sea ice brines with a conservative major ion composition relative to that of Reference Seawater and within the temperature and salinity ranges of this study.

Text GCA-S-17-00345 (1) submission 210417 (Accepted)
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Accepted/In Press date: 21 September 2017
e-pub ahead of print date: 28 September 2017
Published date: 1 January 2018

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Local EPrints ID: 415115
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/415115
ISSN: 0016-7037
PURE UUID: a0b0c933-bd84-490f-9827-fa2a65045db7

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Date deposited: 31 Oct 2017 17:30
Last modified: 16 Nov 2017 17:30

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Contributors

Author: Stathys Papadimitriou
Author: Socratis Loucaides
Author: Victoire M.C. Rérolle
Author: Paul Kennedy
Author: Andrew G. Dickson
Author: Matthew Mowlem
Author: Hilary Kennedy

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