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Optical gas sensing by direct spectroscopy and by using indicators

Optical gas sensing by direct spectroscopy and by using indicators
Optical gas sensing by direct spectroscopy and by using indicators
The first part of the lecture will describe recent work at Southampton University on gas sensing with correlation spectroscopy (CS). This is a highly-selective method of detecting or measuring gases with low "crosstalk" to other gases, enabling it to be applied to complex mixtures. The method essentially compares the spectrum of a gas to be measured with its known spectrum in order to "fingerprint" it. Real-time CS performs an optical comparison d the measured gas absorption spectrum with that of a sample of the target gas in a reference cell. The work at Southampton examined many ways of doing this, with the most recent work being with switched optical sources, with simple optical, or optical fibre, networks, followed by electronic signal processing of detected signals to compare the spectra. Experimental systems, results and an outline of our theoretical analysis methods will be discussed. The second part of the lecture will describe measurements using indicator chemistry. Here, a chemical indicator is entrapped, at or near the end of an optical fibre, and interrogated optically. The Southampton work will describe sensing using monitoring of fluorescent decay lifetime, with intensity-modulated excitation sources, and how the sensor membrane can be constructed with anti-fouling properties, as may be desirable for many real-world systems, e.g. in river, marine and biological media.
Dakin, J.P.
04891b9b-5fb5-4245-879e-9e7361adf904
Dakin, J.P.
04891b9b-5fb5-4245-879e-9e7361adf904

Dakin, J.P. (2005) Optical gas sensing by direct spectroscopy and by using indicators. Departmental Seminar. Gas sensing in the ORC, at Southampton University (correlation spectroscopy and indicator chemistry methods, mainly over optical fibre paths). 19 Sep 2005. 1 pp .

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Other)

Abstract

The first part of the lecture will describe recent work at Southampton University on gas sensing with correlation spectroscopy (CS). This is a highly-selective method of detecting or measuring gases with low "crosstalk" to other gases, enabling it to be applied to complex mixtures. The method essentially compares the spectrum of a gas to be measured with its known spectrum in order to "fingerprint" it. Real-time CS performs an optical comparison d the measured gas absorption spectrum with that of a sample of the target gas in a reference cell. The work at Southampton examined many ways of doing this, with the most recent work being with switched optical sources, with simple optical, or optical fibre, networks, followed by electronic signal processing of detected signals to compare the spectra. Experimental systems, results and an outline of our theoretical analysis methods will be discussed. The second part of the lecture will describe measurements using indicator chemistry. Here, a chemical indicator is entrapped, at or near the end of an optical fibre, and interrogated optically. The Southampton work will describe sensing using monitoring of fluorescent decay lifetime, with intensity-modulated excitation sources, and how the sensor membrane can be constructed with anti-fouling properties, as may be desirable for many real-world systems, e.g. in river, marine and biological media.

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Published date: 19 September 2005
Additional Information: Lecture delivered at Universita Degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza", Dipartimento di Chimica.
Venue - Dates: Departmental Seminar. Gas sensing in the ORC, at Southampton University (correlation spectroscopy and indicator chemistry methods, mainly over optical fibre paths), 2005-09-19 - 2005-09-19

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 41530
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/41530
PURE UUID: 9c594377-cdc6-4576-99e9-63c11b550d37

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Date deposited: 20 Oct 2006
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 15:29

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