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Childhood anxiety disorders: exploring targeted preventative interventions and spontaneous recovery from diagnosis

Childhood anxiety disorders: exploring targeted preventative interventions and spontaneous recovery from diagnosis
Childhood anxiety disorders: exploring targeted preventative interventions and spontaneous recovery from diagnosis
The first section of this thesis submission consists of a systematic literature review of randomised controlled trials evaluating intervention programmes aimed at preventing the onset of Anxiety Disorders in ‘at risk’ young people. A total of 16 studies (2545 young people) met inclusion criteria. Intervention characteristics were varied, although most often based on cognitive behavioural therapy. The range of risk factors used for inclusion in selective interventions was wide ranging. Evidence for effectiveness was mixed. Studies included in this review revealed a trend for a reduction of anxiety symptoms post intervention, but inconsistent findings regarding the significance of this decrease in comparison with control groups. The need for future research is discussed.

The second part contains an empirical research paper investigating potential predictive factors of spontaneous recovery from childhood anxiety disorders. Sixty-three children, aged 7-12 years old, with a current anxiety disorder took part in the study. The main findings were that children’s spontaneous recovery from childhood anxiety disorders was higher among children with a single anxiety disorder than for children with comorbid anxiety disorders, and for those with parents who displayed lower levels of passivity, threat promotion, or vulnerability promotion. Clinical implications and suggestions for future research are discussed.
University of Southampton
Rooke, Sally M.
03c1c8e3-6e04-41e2-a866-cc53bd92af5e
Rooke, Sally M.
03c1c8e3-6e04-41e2-a866-cc53bd92af5e
Lawrence, Peter
0d45e107-38ef-4932-aec1-504573de01ef

Rooke, Sally M. (2017) Childhood anxiety disorders: exploring targeted preventative interventions and spontaneous recovery from diagnosis. University of Southampton, Doctoral Thesis, 132pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

The first section of this thesis submission consists of a systematic literature review of randomised controlled trials evaluating intervention programmes aimed at preventing the onset of Anxiety Disorders in ‘at risk’ young people. A total of 16 studies (2545 young people) met inclusion criteria. Intervention characteristics were varied, although most often based on cognitive behavioural therapy. The range of risk factors used for inclusion in selective interventions was wide ranging. Evidence for effectiveness was mixed. Studies included in this review revealed a trend for a reduction of anxiety symptoms post intervention, but inconsistent findings regarding the significance of this decrease in comparison with control groups. The need for future research is discussed.

The second part contains an empirical research paper investigating potential predictive factors of spontaneous recovery from childhood anxiety disorders. Sixty-three children, aged 7-12 years old, with a current anxiety disorder took part in the study. The main findings were that children’s spontaneous recovery from childhood anxiety disorders was higher among children with a single anxiety disorder than for children with comorbid anxiety disorders, and for those with parents who displayed lower levels of passivity, threat promotion, or vulnerability promotion. Clinical implications and suggestions for future research are discussed.

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Childhood Anxiety Disorders: Exploring Targeted Preventative Interventions and Spontaneous Recovery from Diagnosis - Version of Record
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Published date: May 2017

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 415380
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/415380
PURE UUID: 0ffcf865-f9f7-4f84-875f-13d8ef9c47bd
ORCID for Peter Lawrence: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-6181-433X

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Date deposited: 08 Nov 2017 17:30
Last modified: 14 Mar 2019 01:33

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