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Does the association between teen births or abortions and educational attainment vary by socioeconomic background in Finland?

Does the association between teen births or abortions and educational attainment vary by socioeconomic background in Finland?
Does the association between teen births or abortions and educational attainment vary by socioeconomic background in Finland?
Teen mothers often have lower socioeconomic position as adults than other women due to selection, opportunity costs of childbearing, or both. Few studies examine whether that is the case after an induced abortion as well. Also, few studies explore, whether the strength of the association between teen pregnancy and adulthood socioeconomic position differs by family background. This study uses Finnish register data of 53,252 women born in 1975-79 to examine with logistic regression whether the likelihood of having tertiary education depends differently on teen birth and abortion experiences by parental socioeconomic position. I also control for and report whether having a partner providing childcare help mitigates the negative association between teen motherhood and education. The results show teen mothers had lower odds than those who aborted to have tertiary education, and both groups were behind those with no teen pregnancy. Although teen mothers seemed to be farther behind those with no teen pregnancy among the highest (43%-point difference in predicted probability of having tertiary education) than the lowest socioeconomic backgrounds (27%-point difference), the interaction was not significant. Teen mothers with and without a partner had similar probabilities of having tertiary education (8-11%). Those who had an abortion and since separated from their partner, however, had similar probability to have tertiary education as teen mothers (13%), although others who had an abortion had a much higher probability (20%). Selection shapes these relationships. Survey and register data should be combined to study these associations using methods of causal inference.
1757-9597
245-256
Vaisanen, Heini
ee5b9497-7825-4fd8-8b7e-3d5d2b164766
Vaisanen, Heini
ee5b9497-7825-4fd8-8b7e-3d5d2b164766

Vaisanen, Heini (2018) Does the association between teen births or abortions and educational attainment vary by socioeconomic background in Finland? Longitudinal and Life Course Studies, 9 (2), 245-256. (doi:10.14301/llcs.v9i2.463).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Teen mothers often have lower socioeconomic position as adults than other women due to selection, opportunity costs of childbearing, or both. Few studies examine whether that is the case after an induced abortion as well. Also, few studies explore, whether the strength of the association between teen pregnancy and adulthood socioeconomic position differs by family background. This study uses Finnish register data of 53,252 women born in 1975-79 to examine with logistic regression whether the likelihood of having tertiary education depends differently on teen birth and abortion experiences by parental socioeconomic position. I also control for and report whether having a partner providing childcare help mitigates the negative association between teen motherhood and education. The results show teen mothers had lower odds than those who aborted to have tertiary education, and both groups were behind those with no teen pregnancy. Although teen mothers seemed to be farther behind those with no teen pregnancy among the highest (43%-point difference in predicted probability of having tertiary education) than the lowest socioeconomic backgrounds (27%-point difference), the interaction was not significant. Teen mothers with and without a partner had similar probabilities of having tertiary education (8-11%). Those who had an abortion and since separated from their partner, however, had similar probability to have tertiary education as teen mothers (13%), although others who had an abortion had a much higher probability (20%). Selection shapes these relationships. Survey and register data should be combined to study these associations using methods of causal inference.

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Adolescent Pregnancies and education LLCS accepted manuscript - Accepted Manuscript
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Accepted/In Press date: 1 December 2017
e-pub ahead of print date: 25 April 2018
Published date: April 2018

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Local EPrints ID: 416196
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/416196
ISSN: 1757-9597
PURE UUID: 2c96ec9a-148d-424f-aba9-5bf1fa8172ff

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Date deposited: 07 Dec 2017 17:30
Last modified: 14 Mar 2019 05:23

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