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Scarping of artificially-nourished mixed sand and gravel beaches: Sedimentological characteristics of Hayling Island beach, Southern England

Scarping of artificially-nourished mixed sand and gravel beaches: Sedimentological characteristics of Hayling Island beach, Southern England
Scarping of artificially-nourished mixed sand and gravel beaches: Sedimentological characteristics of Hayling Island beach, Southern England
Beach cliffing is a wide-spread characteristic of artificially-replenished beaches, which has many undesirable engineering, environmental and economic consequences. A sedimentological study undertaken on the replenished mixed gravel and sand beach of Hayling Island (southern England) has shown that the persisting beach cliff consists typically of three distinct layers. The textural, geochemical and mineralogical analyses of the deposit showed that the development of the cliff, and particularly the formation of the intermediate, densely-packed layer, could be attributed to a series of processes. Firstly, the techniques used to emplace the recharge material on the beach (i.e. placement by heavy dumper trucks/bulldozers) result in a compaction and grain-fracture of the recharge material, and therefore a denser packing arrangement than that expected by its textural characteristics alone. Secondly, percolating water transfers medium- and fine-grained material to deeper parts of the deposit, resulting in the clogging of the interstices between the gravels and the formation of a densely-packed, poorly-sorted layer. The above processes promote the interactions between the clay minerals of the deposit with [Ca2+] cations, resulting in the formation of particular cementing materials, such as Calcium Silicate Hydrates (CSH).
0378-3839
1-12
Zarkogiannis, S.D.
bcbe0200-70a5-4c3d-9c04-2a226a96729c
Kontakiotis, G.
7682b6f0-5edb-42e6-ba07-cc8451282c38
Vousdoukas, M.I.
9d08897d-7984-4f2b-bc70-da8f341200af
Velegrakis, A.F.
58e85240-5fcc-430c-8626-a323b6c61913
Collins, M.B.
3b70278b-0004-45e0-b3c9-0debdf0a9351
Antonarakou, A.
7b7c8a30-a573-4e90-9770-da9984839dec
Zarkogiannis, S.D.
bcbe0200-70a5-4c3d-9c04-2a226a96729c
Kontakiotis, G.
7682b6f0-5edb-42e6-ba07-cc8451282c38
Vousdoukas, M.I.
9d08897d-7984-4f2b-bc70-da8f341200af
Velegrakis, A.F.
58e85240-5fcc-430c-8626-a323b6c61913
Collins, M.B.
3b70278b-0004-45e0-b3c9-0debdf0a9351
Antonarakou, A.
7b7c8a30-a573-4e90-9770-da9984839dec

Zarkogiannis, S.D., Kontakiotis, G., Vousdoukas, M.I., Velegrakis, A.F., Collins, M.B. and Antonarakou, A. (2018) Scarping of artificially-nourished mixed sand and gravel beaches: Sedimentological characteristics of Hayling Island beach, Southern England. Coastal Engineering, 133, 1-12. (doi:10.1016/j.coastaleng.2017.12.003).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Beach cliffing is a wide-spread characteristic of artificially-replenished beaches, which has many undesirable engineering, environmental and economic consequences. A sedimentological study undertaken on the replenished mixed gravel and sand beach of Hayling Island (southern England) has shown that the persisting beach cliff consists typically of three distinct layers. The textural, geochemical and mineralogical analyses of the deposit showed that the development of the cliff, and particularly the formation of the intermediate, densely-packed layer, could be attributed to a series of processes. Firstly, the techniques used to emplace the recharge material on the beach (i.e. placement by heavy dumper trucks/bulldozers) result in a compaction and grain-fracture of the recharge material, and therefore a denser packing arrangement than that expected by its textural characteristics alone. Secondly, percolating water transfers medium- and fine-grained material to deeper parts of the deposit, resulting in the clogging of the interstices between the gravels and the formation of a densely-packed, poorly-sorted layer. The above processes promote the interactions between the clay minerals of the deposit with [Ca2+] cations, resulting in the formation of particular cementing materials, such as Calcium Silicate Hydrates (CSH).

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 2 December 2017
Published date: 1 March 2018

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 417079
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/417079
ISSN: 0378-3839
PURE UUID: 23f40526-d9a2-49ff-b8fe-2c6462334318

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Date deposited: 19 Jan 2018 17:30
Last modified: 27 Apr 2022 08:53

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Contributors

Author: S.D. Zarkogiannis
Author: G. Kontakiotis
Author: M.I. Vousdoukas
Author: A.F. Velegrakis
Author: M.B. Collins
Author: A. Antonarakou

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