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Resting autonomic nervous system activity is unrelated to antisocial behaviour dimensions in adolescents: Cross-sectional findings from a European multi-centre study

Resting autonomic nervous system activity is unrelated to antisocial behaviour dimensions in adolescents: Cross-sectional findings from a European multi-centre study
Resting autonomic nervous system activity is unrelated to antisocial behaviour dimensions in adolescents: Cross-sectional findings from a European multi-centre study

Purpose: Autonomic nervous system (ANS) functioning has long been studied in relation to antisocial behaviour, but relevant measures (heart rate, heart rate variability, pre-ejection period, respiration rate) have rarely been considered together. This study investigated the relationship between these measures and antisocial behaviour. Methods: Using a sample of 1010 youths with (47.8%) and without conduct disorder (52.2%) aged between 9 and 18. years (659 females, 351 males, mean age = 14.2. years, SD = 2.4), principal component analysis (PCA) was applied to various measures of psychopathology and antisocial behavior. Structural equation modelling was performed in order to test whether the ANS measures predicted PCA-dimensions. Cluster analysis was used in order to classify patterns of ANS activity. Analyses were performed separately for males/females and controlled for body-mass-index, age, caffeine use, cigarette smoking, sports, socioeconomic status, medication, cardiac problems. Results: The PCA yielded three components: antisocial behaviour/comorbid psychopathology, narcissistic traits, and callous-unemotional traits. ANS measures were only weakly correlated with these components. Cluster analysis yielded high and low arousal clusters in both sexes. When controlling for covariates, all associations disappeared. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that resting ANS measures are only weakly related to antisocial behaviour and indicate that smoking should be considered as an important covariate in future psychophysiological studies.

Antisocial behaviour, Autonomic nervous system, Callous-unemotional traits, Cluster analysis, Sex, Smoking
0047-2352
Prätzlich, Martin
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Oldenhof, Helena
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Steppan, Martin
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Ackermann, Katharina
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Baker, Rosalind
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Batchelor, Molly
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Baumann, Sarah
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Bernhard, Anka
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Clanton, Roberta
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Dikeos, Dimitris
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Dochnal, Roberta
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Fehlbaum, Lynn Valérie
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Fernández-Rivas, Aranzazu
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González de Artaza-Lavesa, Maider
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Gonzalez-Madruga, Karen
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Guijarro, Silvina
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Gundlach, Malou
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Herpertz-Dahlmann, Beate
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Hervas, Amaia
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Jansen, Lucres
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Kerexeta-Lizeaga, Iñaki
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Kersten, Linda
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Kirchner, Marietta
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Kohls, Gregor
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Konsta, Angeliki
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Lazaratou, Helen
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Martinelli, Anne
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Menks, Willeke Martine
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Puzzo, Ignazio
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Raschle, Nora Maria
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Rogers, Jack
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Siklósi, Réka
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Smaragdi, Areti
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Vriends, Noortje
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Konrad, Kerstin
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De Brito, Stephane
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Fairchild, Graeme
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Kieser, Meinhard
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Freitag, Christine M.
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Popma, Arne
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Stadler, Christina
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Prätzlich, Martin
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Oldenhof, Helena
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Steppan, Martin
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Ackermann, Katharina
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Baker, Rosalind
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Batchelor, Molly
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Baumann, Sarah
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Bernhard, Anka
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Clanton, Roberta
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Dikeos, Dimitris
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Dochnal, Roberta
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Fehlbaum, Lynn Valérie
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Fernández-Rivas, Aranzazu
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González de Artaza-Lavesa, Maider
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Gonzalez-Madruga, Karen
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Guijarro, Silvina
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Gundlach, Malou
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Herpertz-Dahlmann, Beate
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Hervas, Amaia
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Jansen, Lucres
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Kerexeta-Lizeaga, Iñaki
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Kersten, Linda
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Kirchner, Marietta
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Kohls, Gregor
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Konsta, Angeliki
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Lazaratou, Helen
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Martinelli, Anne
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Menks, Willeke Martine
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Puzzo, Ignazio
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Raschle, Nora Maria
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Rogers, Jack
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Siklósi, Réka
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Smaragdi, Areti
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Vriends, Noortje
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Konrad, Kerstin
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De Brito, Stephane
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Fairchild, Graeme
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Kieser, Meinhard
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Freitag, Christine M.
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Popma, Arne
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Stadler, Christina
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Prätzlich, Martin, Oldenhof, Helena, Steppan, Martin, Ackermann, Katharina, Baker, Rosalind, Batchelor, Molly, Baumann, Sarah, Bernhard, Anka, Clanton, Roberta, Dikeos, Dimitris, Dochnal, Roberta, Fehlbaum, Lynn Valérie, Fernández-Rivas, Aranzazu, González de Artaza-Lavesa, Maider, Gonzalez-Madruga, Karen, Guijarro, Silvina, Gundlach, Malou, Herpertz-Dahlmann, Beate, Hervas, Amaia, Jansen, Lucres, Kerexeta-Lizeaga, Iñaki, Kersten, Linda, Kirchner, Marietta, Kohls, Gregor, Konsta, Angeliki, Lazaratou, Helen, Martinelli, Anne, Menks, Willeke Martine, Puzzo, Ignazio, Raschle, Nora Maria, Rogers, Jack, Siklósi, Réka, Smaragdi, Areti, Vriends, Noortje, Konrad, Kerstin, De Brito, Stephane, Fairchild, Graeme, Kieser, Meinhard, Freitag, Christine M., Popma, Arne and Stadler, Christina (2018) Resting autonomic nervous system activity is unrelated to antisocial behaviour dimensions in adolescents: Cross-sectional findings from a European multi-centre study. Journal of Criminal Justice Research. (doi:10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2018.01.004).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Purpose: Autonomic nervous system (ANS) functioning has long been studied in relation to antisocial behaviour, but relevant measures (heart rate, heart rate variability, pre-ejection period, respiration rate) have rarely been considered together. This study investigated the relationship between these measures and antisocial behaviour. Methods: Using a sample of 1010 youths with (47.8%) and without conduct disorder (52.2%) aged between 9 and 18. years (659 females, 351 males, mean age = 14.2. years, SD = 2.4), principal component analysis (PCA) was applied to various measures of psychopathology and antisocial behavior. Structural equation modelling was performed in order to test whether the ANS measures predicted PCA-dimensions. Cluster analysis was used in order to classify patterns of ANS activity. Analyses were performed separately for males/females and controlled for body-mass-index, age, caffeine use, cigarette smoking, sports, socioeconomic status, medication, cardiac problems. Results: The PCA yielded three components: antisocial behaviour/comorbid psychopathology, narcissistic traits, and callous-unemotional traits. ANS measures were only weakly correlated with these components. Cluster analysis yielded high and low arousal clusters in both sexes. When controlling for covariates, all associations disappeared. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that resting ANS measures are only weakly related to antisocial behaviour and indicate that smoking should be considered as an important covariate in future psychophysiological studies.

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Accepted/In Press date: 5 January 2018
e-pub ahead of print date: 19 January 2018
Keywords: Antisocial behaviour, Autonomic nervous system, Callous-unemotional traits, Cluster analysis, Sex, Smoking

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 417326
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/417326
ISSN: 0047-2352
PURE UUID: ffb6e1eb-e4d0-41fc-9d88-cd8fd8e8e5c4
ORCID for Graeme Fairchild: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-7814-9938

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Date deposited: 30 Jan 2018 17:30
Last modified: 04 May 2018 16:31

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Contributors

Author: Martin Prätzlich
Author: Helena Oldenhof
Author: Martin Steppan
Author: Katharina Ackermann
Author: Rosalind Baker
Author: Molly Batchelor
Author: Sarah Baumann
Author: Anka Bernhard
Author: Roberta Clanton
Author: Dimitris Dikeos
Author: Roberta Dochnal
Author: Lynn Valérie Fehlbaum
Author: Aranzazu Fernández-Rivas
Author: Maider González de Artaza-Lavesa
Author: Karen Gonzalez-Madruga
Author: Silvina Guijarro
Author: Malou Gundlach
Author: Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann
Author: Amaia Hervas
Author: Lucres Jansen
Author: Iñaki Kerexeta-Lizeaga
Author: Linda Kersten
Author: Marietta Kirchner
Author: Gregor Kohls
Author: Angeliki Konsta
Author: Helen Lazaratou
Author: Anne Martinelli
Author: Willeke Martine Menks
Author: Ignazio Puzzo
Author: Nora Maria Raschle
Author: Jack Rogers
Author: Réka Siklósi
Author: Areti Smaragdi
Author: Noortje Vriends
Author: Kerstin Konrad
Author: Stephane De Brito
Author: Graeme Fairchild ORCID iD
Author: Meinhard Kieser
Author: Christine M. Freitag
Author: Arne Popma
Author: Christina Stadler

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