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Passenger transportation sector gasoline consumption due to friction in Southeast Asian countries

Passenger transportation sector gasoline consumption due to friction in Southeast Asian countries
Passenger transportation sector gasoline consumption due to friction in Southeast Asian countries

Energy demand in the transportation sector across Southeast Asian (SEA) region is rapidly increasing. This poses a challenge to the sector in mitigating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions because of its heavy reliance on fossil fuels. Decarbonisation efforts tend to focus on the use of low carbon energy, often neglecting frictional losses in vehicles. Therefore, the study aims to determine the fuel cost savings and the environmental impact from reduction of frictional energy losses in passenger cars and motorcycles for selected SEA countries. An energy analysis framework is proposed; estimating a total of USD 42.6 billion/year is wasted through fuel energy loss in moving these vehicles in the selected SEA countries, emitting 109 Mtonne/year of CO2. By implementing relevant tribological improvement strategies, fuel energy savings of USD 18.3 billion/year could be achieved, leading to 46.6 Mtonne/year of CO2 emissions reduction. This level of CO2 emissions reduction, obtained via friction reduction, can contribute between 0.8% and 1.9% towards the committed GHG reduction targets for the selected SEA countries by 2030. It is emphasised that combined effort, from vehicle manufacturers and end-users, is required in implementing relevant friction reduction strategies to avoid backlash from inappropriate use of these strategies.

CO emissions, Frictional energy losses, Gasoline fuel, Lubrication, Southeast Asian, Transportation
0196-8904
346-358
Chong, W. W.F.
bd35fdf8-fa6d-4330-8bac-ae20cc8fc58e
Ng, J. H.
4c9c51bd-1cfc-46c0-b519-23b77566fe50
Rajoo, S.
996afb3d-e970-43c7-affe-855203d50437
Chong, C. T.
65b12c86-8a3e-45e8-873c-7db0c8b2cbd9
Chong, W. W.F.
bd35fdf8-fa6d-4330-8bac-ae20cc8fc58e
Ng, J. H.
4c9c51bd-1cfc-46c0-b519-23b77566fe50
Rajoo, S.
996afb3d-e970-43c7-affe-855203d50437
Chong, C. T.
65b12c86-8a3e-45e8-873c-7db0c8b2cbd9

Chong, W. W.F., Ng, J. H., Rajoo, S. and Chong, C. T. (2018) Passenger transportation sector gasoline consumption due to friction in Southeast Asian countries Energy Conversion and Management, 158, pp. 346-358. (doi:10.1016/j.enconman.2017.12.083).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Energy demand in the transportation sector across Southeast Asian (SEA) region is rapidly increasing. This poses a challenge to the sector in mitigating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions because of its heavy reliance on fossil fuels. Decarbonisation efforts tend to focus on the use of low carbon energy, often neglecting frictional losses in vehicles. Therefore, the study aims to determine the fuel cost savings and the environmental impact from reduction of frictional energy losses in passenger cars and motorcycles for selected SEA countries. An energy analysis framework is proposed; estimating a total of USD 42.6 billion/year is wasted through fuel energy loss in moving these vehicles in the selected SEA countries, emitting 109 Mtonne/year of CO2. By implementing relevant tribological improvement strategies, fuel energy savings of USD 18.3 billion/year could be achieved, leading to 46.6 Mtonne/year of CO2 emissions reduction. This level of CO2 emissions reduction, obtained via friction reduction, can contribute between 0.8% and 1.9% towards the committed GHG reduction targets for the selected SEA countries by 2030. It is emphasised that combined effort, from vehicle manufacturers and end-users, is required in implementing relevant friction reduction strategies to avoid backlash from inappropriate use of these strategies.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 25 December 2017
e-pub ahead of print date: 9 January 2018
Published date: 15 February 2018
Keywords: CO emissions, Frictional energy losses, Gasoline fuel, Lubrication, Southeast Asian, Transportation

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 417451
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/417451
ISSN: 0196-8904
PURE UUID: de20a0b9-f2dd-4404-8dc0-fbc77ed2e3cb

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 31 Jan 2018 17:30
Last modified: 31 Jan 2018 17:30

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Contributors

Author: W. W.F. Chong
Author: J. H. Ng
Author: S. Rajoo
Author: C. T. Chong

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