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Successful ureteroscopy for kidney stone disease leads to resolution of urinary tract infections: Prospective outcomes with a 12-month follow-up

Successful ureteroscopy for kidney stone disease leads to resolution of urinary tract infections: Prospective outcomes with a 12-month follow-up
Successful ureteroscopy for kidney stone disease leads to resolution of urinary tract infections: Prospective outcomes with a 12-month follow-up

Introduction: To investigate the resolution of urinary tract infection (UTI) with the successful treatment of kidney stone disease (KSD).We reviewed the outcomes of ureteroscopy (URS) and stone treatment for patients with positive urine culture or recurrent UTIs and evaluated whether the infection resolved with the clearance of their urinary stones.

Material and methods: Between March 2012 and July 2016, consecutive patients who underwent URS for stone disease with a history of recurrent UTIs or culture proven UTIs were identified from a prospective database. Data was recorded on stone free rate (SFR) and infection free rate (IFR) during the follow-up period at 3, 6 and 12-months.

Results: During the study period, 103 consecutive patients with stone disease and associated UTI underwent URS over a 52-month period (mean age: 60 years, Female: Male ratio of 2:1). The mean cumulative stone size was 16 mm (range: 3-107 mm) and a positive pre-operative urine culture was found in 81 (79%) patients. While the overall SFR was 96%, the total complication rate was 12.6% (n = 13) and these were all Clavien I/II complications.At follow-up, the SFR and IFR was 96% and 88% at 3-months, and 82% and 71% at 12-months, respectively (p <0.001). While almost three-quarters of patients were stone and infection free at 12-months, the majority of those with stones recurrence also had recurrence of their UTI.

Conclusions: The majority of patients will remain infection free at the 12-month follow-up if they are stone free after their initial treatment. Stone recurrence, which is more likely in high-risk patients, is also linked to the recurrence of their UTI.

Journal Article
2080-4806
418-423
Oliver, Rachel
82bdb18f-52f3-4fef-9968-c8d58acaca76
Ghosh, Anngona
3c5a161a-32d1-4285-b740-5db138f9610d
Geraghty, Robert
ef19149e-530f-4749-9740-0902fed96fe1
Moore, Sacha
a474c4c8-01d0-47d8-aa79-1f413e75865e
Somani, Bhaskar K.
ab5fd1ce-02df-4b88-b25e-8ece396335d9
Oliver, Rachel
82bdb18f-52f3-4fef-9968-c8d58acaca76
Ghosh, Anngona
3c5a161a-32d1-4285-b740-5db138f9610d
Geraghty, Robert
ef19149e-530f-4749-9740-0902fed96fe1
Moore, Sacha
a474c4c8-01d0-47d8-aa79-1f413e75865e
Somani, Bhaskar K.
ab5fd1ce-02df-4b88-b25e-8ece396335d9

Oliver, Rachel, Ghosh, Anngona, Geraghty, Robert, Moore, Sacha and Somani, Bhaskar K. (2017) Successful ureteroscopy for kidney stone disease leads to resolution of urinary tract infections: Prospective outcomes with a 12-month follow-up. Central European Journal of Urology, 70 (4), 418-423. (doi:10.5173/ceju.2017.1549).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Introduction: To investigate the resolution of urinary tract infection (UTI) with the successful treatment of kidney stone disease (KSD).We reviewed the outcomes of ureteroscopy (URS) and stone treatment for patients with positive urine culture or recurrent UTIs and evaluated whether the infection resolved with the clearance of their urinary stones.

Material and methods: Between March 2012 and July 2016, consecutive patients who underwent URS for stone disease with a history of recurrent UTIs or culture proven UTIs were identified from a prospective database. Data was recorded on stone free rate (SFR) and infection free rate (IFR) during the follow-up period at 3, 6 and 12-months.

Results: During the study period, 103 consecutive patients with stone disease and associated UTI underwent URS over a 52-month period (mean age: 60 years, Female: Male ratio of 2:1). The mean cumulative stone size was 16 mm (range: 3-107 mm) and a positive pre-operative urine culture was found in 81 (79%) patients. While the overall SFR was 96%, the total complication rate was 12.6% (n = 13) and these were all Clavien I/II complications.At follow-up, the SFR and IFR was 96% and 88% at 3-months, and 82% and 71% at 12-months, respectively (p <0.001). While almost three-quarters of patients were stone and infection free at 12-months, the majority of those with stones recurrence also had recurrence of their UTI.

Conclusions: The majority of patients will remain infection free at the 12-month follow-up if they are stone free after their initial treatment. Stone recurrence, which is more likely in high-risk patients, is also linked to the recurrence of their UTI.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 29 October 2017
e-pub ahead of print date: 7 November 2017
Published date: 2017
Keywords: Journal Article

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 418915
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/418915
ISSN: 2080-4806
PURE UUID: 3400e817-eacb-4b2f-952c-f011515a17d2

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Date deposited: 26 Mar 2018 16:30
Last modified: 06 Oct 2020 20:39

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Contributors

Author: Rachel Oliver
Author: Anngona Ghosh
Author: Robert Geraghty
Author: Sacha Moore

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