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Site 1216

Site 1216
Site 1216
Site 1216 (21°27.16´N, 139°28.79´W; 5152 meters below sea level [mbsl]; Fig. F1) is situated in abyssal hill topography south of the Molokai Fracture Zone and two small associated unnamed parasitic fracture zones (Fig. F2). Based on magnetic lineations, Site 1216 appears to be situated on normal ocean crust formed during the C25r magnetic anomaly (~57 Ma; Atwater and Severinghaus, 1989). Site 1216 was chosen for drilling because it is near the thickest section of lower Eocene sediments along the 56-Ma transect, which was based upon the seismic stratigraphy of seismic reflection data acquired on site survey cruise EW9709 during transits between the proposed drill sites (Lyle et al., this volume; Moore et al., 2002). The Cenozoic history of sedimentation in this region was poorly constrained prior to Leg 199, being largely based on two Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) drill sites (40 and 41) and piston core data (EW9709-3PC) from ~1.5° in latitude to the south. Based on data from these drill sites, we expected the sedimentary sequence at Site 1216 to comprise red clays (a mixture of wind-blown dust and authigenic precipitates) overlying a biogenic sediment section composed of an upper middle Eocene radiolarian ooze and lower carbonate ooze deposited when the site was near the ridge crest in the late Paleocene and early Eocene.

The broad paleoceanographic objectives of drilling the sedimentary sequence anticipated at Site 1216 are as follows: (1) to help define the shift in the Intertropical Convergence Zone through the Paleogene by following the change in eolian-dust composition and flux through time (red clays) and (2) to help define the latitudinal extent, composition, and mass accumulation of plankton communities in the north equatorial Pacific region thereby constraining ocean circulation patterns and the extent of the equatorial high-productivity belt in the Eocene ocean.

Results from Site 1216 will also provide important information to test whether there was significant motion of the Hawaiian hotspot with respect to the Earth's spin axis during the early Cenozoic. At 56 Ma, the backtracked location of Site 1216 based upon a hotspot reference frame (Gripp and Gordon, 1990, for 0- to 5-Ma Pacific hotspot rotation pole; Engebretson et al., 1985, for older poles) is about 9°N, 108°W. If significant hotspot motion or true polar wander occurred since 57 Ma (Petronotis et al., 1994), this drill site could have been much nearer to the equator.
ISSN10962158
47pp
Texas A & M University Ocean Drilling Program (CDROM)
Backman, J.
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Busch, W.H.
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Coxall, H.K.
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Faul, K.
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Gaillot, P.A.
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Hovan, S.A.
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Janecek, T.R.
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Knoop, P.
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Kruse, S.
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Lanci, L.
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Lear, C.H.
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Lyle, M.
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Moore, T.C.
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Nigrini, C.A.
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Pälike, H.
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Parés, J.M.
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Tripati, A.K.
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Vanden Berg, M.D.
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Wade, B.S.
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Wilson, P.A.
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Lyle, M.
Wilson, P.A.
Janecek, T.R.
Backman, J.
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Busch, W.H.
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Faul, K.
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Gaillot, P.A.
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Hovan, S.A.
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Janecek, T.R.
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Lanci, L.
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Lear, C.H.
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Lyle, M.
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Moore, T.C.
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Nigrini, C.A.
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Nishi, H.
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Nomura, R.
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Norris, R.D.
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Steiger, T.H.
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Tripati, A.K.
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Vanden Berg, M.D.
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Wade, B.S.
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Wilson, P.A.
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Wilson, P.A.
Janecek, T.R.

Backman, J., Busch, W.H., Coxall, H.K., Faul, K., Gaillot, P.A., Hovan, S.A., Janecek, T.R., Knoop, P., Kruse, S., Lanci, L., Lear, C.H., Lyle, M., Moore, T.C., Nigrini, C.A., Nishi, H., Nomura, R., Norris, R.D., Pälike, H., Parés, J.M., Quintin, L., Raffi, I., Rea, B.R., Rea, D.K., Steiger, T.H., Tripati, A.K., Vanden Berg, M.D., Wade, B.S. and Wilson, P.A. (2002) Site 1216. Lyle, M., Wilson, P.A. and Janecek, T.R. (eds.) In Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Initial Reports. Vol. 199. Texas A & M University Ocean Drilling Program (CDROM). 47pp . (doi:10.2973/odp.proc.ir.199.109.2002).

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Abstract

Site 1216 (21°27.16´N, 139°28.79´W; 5152 meters below sea level [mbsl]; Fig. F1) is situated in abyssal hill topography south of the Molokai Fracture Zone and two small associated unnamed parasitic fracture zones (Fig. F2). Based on magnetic lineations, Site 1216 appears to be situated on normal ocean crust formed during the C25r magnetic anomaly (~57 Ma; Atwater and Severinghaus, 1989). Site 1216 was chosen for drilling because it is near the thickest section of lower Eocene sediments along the 56-Ma transect, which was based upon the seismic stratigraphy of seismic reflection data acquired on site survey cruise EW9709 during transits between the proposed drill sites (Lyle et al., this volume; Moore et al., 2002). The Cenozoic history of sedimentation in this region was poorly constrained prior to Leg 199, being largely based on two Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) drill sites (40 and 41) and piston core data (EW9709-3PC) from ~1.5° in latitude to the south. Based on data from these drill sites, we expected the sedimentary sequence at Site 1216 to comprise red clays (a mixture of wind-blown dust and authigenic precipitates) overlying a biogenic sediment section composed of an upper middle Eocene radiolarian ooze and lower carbonate ooze deposited when the site was near the ridge crest in the late Paleocene and early Eocene.

The broad paleoceanographic objectives of drilling the sedimentary sequence anticipated at Site 1216 are as follows: (1) to help define the shift in the Intertropical Convergence Zone through the Paleogene by following the change in eolian-dust composition and flux through time (red clays) and (2) to help define the latitudinal extent, composition, and mass accumulation of plankton communities in the north equatorial Pacific region thereby constraining ocean circulation patterns and the extent of the equatorial high-productivity belt in the Eocene ocean.

Results from Site 1216 will also provide important information to test whether there was significant motion of the Hawaiian hotspot with respect to the Earth's spin axis during the early Cenozoic. At 56 Ma, the backtracked location of Site 1216 based upon a hotspot reference frame (Gripp and Gordon, 1990, for 0- to 5-Ma Pacific hotspot rotation pole; Engebretson et al., 1985, for older poles) is about 9°N, 108°W. If significant hotspot motion or true polar wander occurred since 57 Ma (Petronotis et al., 1994), this drill site could have been much nearer to the equator.

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Published date: 2002

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Local EPrints ID: 41906
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/41906
ISBN: ISSN10962158
PURE UUID: e6124a85-4225-43f3-9917-eca0af2203f8

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Date deposited: 16 Oct 2006
Last modified: 23 Jul 2020 16:48

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Contributors

Author: J. Backman
Author: W.H. Busch
Author: H.K. Coxall
Author: K. Faul
Author: P.A. Gaillot
Author: S.A. Hovan
Author: T.R. Janecek
Author: P. Knoop
Author: S. Kruse
Author: L. Lanci
Author: C.H. Lear
Author: M. Lyle
Author: T.C. Moore
Author: C.A. Nigrini
Author: H. Nishi
Author: R. Nomura
Author: R.D. Norris
Author: H. Pälike
Author: J.M. Parés
Author: L. Quintin
Author: I. Raffi
Author: B.R. Rea
Author: D.K. Rea
Author: T.H. Steiger
Author: A.K. Tripati
Author: M.D. Vanden Berg
Author: B.S. Wade
Author: P.A. Wilson
Editor: M. Lyle
Editor: P.A. Wilson
Editor: T.R. Janecek

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