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Visibility of fundamental solid waste management factors in developing countries

Visibility of fundamental solid waste management factors in developing countries
Visibility of fundamental solid waste management factors in developing countries
The development of solid waste management (SWM) has been closely related to factors that influenced waste practices in the past and have shaped contemporary waste management systems. Multiple influencing factors need to be considered if SWM is to be effective. We have identified non-measurable or “invisible” factors that are not easily quantifiable or routinely measured but may influence local waste management practices and behaviour. Although the degree of influence of invisible factors is varied and sometimes vague in terms of impact, they serve as a starting point to design more effective waste management strategies. The aim of this study was to identify factors in solid waste management and classify them into two broad categories: “visible” (usually measurable by specific indicators or scales, quantifiable, considered in decision-making and implementation processes, and publically accessible) and “invisible” (not usually measured or quantified but still likely to influence waste generation, behaviour and operational practices, and perceptions about waste). A PESTLE (Political, Environmental, Social, Technological, Legal and Economic) analysis was employed as the basis for categorization. We identified 43 fundamental factors that were divided into the six different PESTLE categories. Experts in waste management were consulted via a Delphi survey and were found to consider 34 (79%) of these 43 fundamental factors to be visible and 9 (21%) invisible. This study highlights the need to adopt new perspectives regarding the role of these fundamental factors in SWM and to understand better the nature and extent of their influence on progress towards cost-effective, efficient, locally-optimised and sustainable waste management systems
waste management, visible factors, invisible factors, Developing countries, pestle, Delphi survey
162-173
Mukhtar, Erni Mariana
1d5eba56-9295-4e37-b36c-5986878ca573
Williams, Ian
c9d674ac-ee69-4937-ab43-17e716266e22
Shaw, Peter
935dfebf-9fb6-483c-86da-a21dba8c1989
Mukhtar, Erni Mariana
1d5eba56-9295-4e37-b36c-5986878ca573
Williams, Ian
c9d674ac-ee69-4937-ab43-17e716266e22
Shaw, Peter
935dfebf-9fb6-483c-86da-a21dba8c1989

Mukhtar, Erni Mariana, Williams, Ian and Shaw, Peter (2018) Visibility of fundamental solid waste management factors in developing countries. Detritus, 01, 162-173. (doi:10.26403/detritus/2018.16).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The development of solid waste management (SWM) has been closely related to factors that influenced waste practices in the past and have shaped contemporary waste management systems. Multiple influencing factors need to be considered if SWM is to be effective. We have identified non-measurable or “invisible” factors that are not easily quantifiable or routinely measured but may influence local waste management practices and behaviour. Although the degree of influence of invisible factors is varied and sometimes vague in terms of impact, they serve as a starting point to design more effective waste management strategies. The aim of this study was to identify factors in solid waste management and classify them into two broad categories: “visible” (usually measurable by specific indicators or scales, quantifiable, considered in decision-making and implementation processes, and publically accessible) and “invisible” (not usually measured or quantified but still likely to influence waste generation, behaviour and operational practices, and perceptions about waste). A PESTLE (Political, Environmental, Social, Technological, Legal and Economic) analysis was employed as the basis for categorization. We identified 43 fundamental factors that were divided into the six different PESTLE categories. Experts in waste management were consulted via a Delphi survey and were found to consider 34 (79%) of these 43 fundamental factors to be visible and 9 (21%) invisible. This study highlights the need to adopt new perspectives regarding the role of these fundamental factors in SWM and to understand better the nature and extent of their influence on progress towards cost-effective, efficient, locally-optimised and sustainable waste management systems

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DETRITUS 01-2018_Paper 0051 - Version of Record
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Accepted/In Press date: 18 March 2018
Published date: 31 March 2018
Keywords: waste management, visible factors, invisible factors, Developing countries, pestle, Delphi survey

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 419733
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/419733
PURE UUID: 6703f5bb-ec54-462d-9d1a-93ae00b4fd76
ORCID for Erni Mariana Mukhtar: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-0231-8322
ORCID for Ian Williams: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-0121-1219
ORCID for Peter Shaw: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-0925-5010

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Date deposited: 20 Apr 2018 16:30
Last modified: 18 Mar 2020 01:25

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Contributors

Author: Erni Mariana Mukhtar ORCID iD
Author: Ian Williams ORCID iD
Author: Peter Shaw ORCID iD

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