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Premenstrual syndrome and alcohol consumption: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Premenstrual syndrome and alcohol consumption: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Premenstrual syndrome and alcohol consumption: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Objective Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a very common disorder worldwide which carries an important economic burden. We conducted a systematic review and a meta-analysis to assess the role of alcohol in the occurrence of PMS.

Methods We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, the five regional bibliographic databases of the WHO, the Proceedings database and the Open Access Thesis and Dissertations (OATD) from inception to May 2017. We also reviewed the references of every article retrieved and established personal contact with researchers to trace further publications or reports. We did not include any language limitations. Studies were included if: (1) they presented original data from cohort, case-control or cross-sectional studies, (2) PMS was clearly defined as the outcome of interest, (3) one of the exposure factors was alcohol consumption, (4) they provided estimates of odds ratios, relative risks, or any other effect measure and their confidence intervals, or enough data to calculate them.

Results We identified 39 studies of which 19 were eligible. Intake of alcohol was associated with a moderate increase in the risk of PMS (OR=1.45, 95% CI: 1.17 to 1.79). Heavy drinking yielded a larger increase in the risk than any drinking (OR=1.79, 95% CI: 1.39 to 2.32).

Discussion Our results suggest that alcohol intake presents a moderate association with PMS risk. Future studies should avoid cross-sectional designs and focus on determining whether there is a threshold of alcohol intake under which the harmful effect on PMS is non-existent.
2044-6055
1-11
Fernandez, Maria del Mar
2c62b302-ae14-49a2-9063-7b04470e089e
Saulyte, Jurgita
8a22e97d-d952-4014-94e6-d3abf1341f5b
Inskip, Hazel
5fb4470a-9379-49b2-a533-9da8e61058b7
Takkouche, Bahi
24584052-58c6-4dc2-a4b5-8e1a7b7ec037
Fernandez, Maria del Mar
2c62b302-ae14-49a2-9063-7b04470e089e
Saulyte, Jurgita
8a22e97d-d952-4014-94e6-d3abf1341f5b
Inskip, Hazel
5fb4470a-9379-49b2-a533-9da8e61058b7
Takkouche, Bahi
24584052-58c6-4dc2-a4b5-8e1a7b7ec037

Fernandez, Maria del Mar, Saulyte, Jurgita, Inskip, Hazel and Takkouche, Bahi (2018) Premenstrual syndrome and alcohol consumption: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ Open, 1-11. (doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-019490).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Objective Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a very common disorder worldwide which carries an important economic burden. We conducted a systematic review and a meta-analysis to assess the role of alcohol in the occurrence of PMS.

Methods We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, the five regional bibliographic databases of the WHO, the Proceedings database and the Open Access Thesis and Dissertations (OATD) from inception to May 2017. We also reviewed the references of every article retrieved and established personal contact with researchers to trace further publications or reports. We did not include any language limitations. Studies were included if: (1) they presented original data from cohort, case-control or cross-sectional studies, (2) PMS was clearly defined as the outcome of interest, (3) one of the exposure factors was alcohol consumption, (4) they provided estimates of odds ratios, relative risks, or any other effect measure and their confidence intervals, or enough data to calculate them.

Results We identified 39 studies of which 19 were eligible. Intake of alcohol was associated with a moderate increase in the risk of PMS (OR=1.45, 95% CI: 1.17 to 1.79). Heavy drinking yielded a larger increase in the risk than any drinking (OR=1.79, 95% CI: 1.39 to 2.32).

Discussion Our results suggest that alcohol intake presents a moderate association with PMS risk. Future studies should avoid cross-sectional designs and focus on determining whether there is a threshold of alcohol intake under which the harmful effect on PMS is non-existent.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 9 February 2018
e-pub ahead of print date: 16 April 2018

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 419945
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/419945
ISSN: 2044-6055
PURE UUID: e9b196f7-ff55-44a7-aa9b-45c65b0d0b3e
ORCID for Hazel Inskip: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-8897-1749

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Date deposited: 24 Apr 2018 16:30
Last modified: 03 Dec 2019 01:59

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Contributors

Author: Maria del Mar Fernandez
Author: Jurgita Saulyte
Author: Hazel Inskip ORCID iD
Author: Bahi Takkouche

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