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A preliminary investigation of options for remediation of a coastal landfill in the Maldives

A preliminary investigation of options for remediation of a coastal landfill in the Maldives
A preliminary investigation of options for remediation of a coastal landfill in the Maldives
The 3.5 hectare Addu dump site is located in the far south of the Maldives on a narrow strip of land between the atoll islands of Hithadhoo and Maradhoo, located approximately 1.5m above mean sea-level. The site is unlined and there is no engineering to protect the underlying coral sands. The site, opened in 2004, contains approximately 75,000 tonnes of predominantly household wastes, which has been dumped in two windrows without the use of any daily cover. Analysis of samples taken from ponds adjacent to the waste showed elevated EC and chloride concentrations suggesting seawater intrusion was affecting groundwater. Ammonia concentrations were low and nitrate was present in the groundwater samples. The lack of compaction of the waste may allow air ingress so that aerobic biodegradation predominates. Coastal erosion is not currently a problem at the site. Sea water intrusion appears to force groundwater close to the base of dumped waste, and creates some flooding across the site during spring tides. The potential for flooding and rising groundwater levels is likely to increase with sea-level rise (with global projections up to 0.98m by 2100). Options for reclamation of the site could involve separation of metals and inert material, and the remaining material sent to the proposed EfW plant, although further work is needed to understand the suitability of this material for incineration.
landfill, coastal, sea-level rise
Beaven, R.P.
5893d749-f03c-4c55-b9c9-e90f00a32b57
Stringfellow, Anne
024efba8-7ffc-441e-a268-be43240990a9
Brown, Sally
dd3c5852-78cc-435a-9846-4f3f540f2840
Nicholls, Robert
4ce1e355-cc5d-4702-8124-820932c57076
Murthaza, Ahmed
68ce20fd-b09d-41e8-8567-f964a717b70d
Beaven, R.P.
5893d749-f03c-4c55-b9c9-e90f00a32b57
Stringfellow, Anne
024efba8-7ffc-441e-a268-be43240990a9
Brown, Sally
dd3c5852-78cc-435a-9846-4f3f540f2840
Nicholls, Robert
4ce1e355-cc5d-4702-8124-820932c57076
Murthaza, Ahmed
68ce20fd-b09d-41e8-8567-f964a717b70d

Beaven, R.P., Stringfellow, Anne, Brown, Sally, Nicholls, Robert and Murthaza, Ahmed (2017) A preliminary investigation of options for remediation of a coastal landfill in the Maldives. 16th International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, Italy. 02 - 06 Oct 2017.

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Abstract

The 3.5 hectare Addu dump site is located in the far south of the Maldives on a narrow strip of land between the atoll islands of Hithadhoo and Maradhoo, located approximately 1.5m above mean sea-level. The site is unlined and there is no engineering to protect the underlying coral sands. The site, opened in 2004, contains approximately 75,000 tonnes of predominantly household wastes, which has been dumped in two windrows without the use of any daily cover. Analysis of samples taken from ponds adjacent to the waste showed elevated EC and chloride concentrations suggesting seawater intrusion was affecting groundwater. Ammonia concentrations were low and nitrate was present in the groundwater samples. The lack of compaction of the waste may allow air ingress so that aerobic biodegradation predominates. Coastal erosion is not currently a problem at the site. Sea water intrusion appears to force groundwater close to the base of dumped waste, and creates some flooding across the site during spring tides. The potential for flooding and rising groundwater levels is likely to increase with sea-level rise (with global projections up to 0.98m by 2100). Options for reclamation of the site could involve separation of metals and inert material, and the remaining material sent to the proposed EfW plant, although further work is needed to understand the suitability of this material for incineration.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: 6 October 2017
Venue - Dates: 16th International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, Italy, 2017-10-02 - 2017-10-06
Keywords: landfill, coastal, sea-level rise

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 419963
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/419963
PURE UUID: 70f6c0c1-f689-49fb-80b1-1798db03d65d
ORCID for R.P. Beaven: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-1387-8299
ORCID for Anne Stringfellow: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-8873-0010
ORCID for Sally Brown: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-1185-1962
ORCID for Robert Nicholls: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-9715-1109

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 24 Apr 2018 16:31
Last modified: 14 Mar 2019 01:51

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