The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Expert viewpoints of peer support for people experiencing homelessness: A Q Sort study

Expert viewpoints of peer support for people experiencing homelessness: A Q Sort study
Expert viewpoints of peer support for people experiencing homelessness: A Q Sort study
Peers have shared experiences of phenomena such as mental illness, addiction, and homelessness. Homelessness services are increasingly utilising peers in their models to support people experiencing homelessness. While there is extensive literature on peer support in general, few studies focus on the potential change mechanisms that might underpin this intervention, particularly regarding homelessness. This study aims to utilise expert opinions to identify common viewpoints on components involved in effective peer support. Forty-three statements were developed from previous literature that broadly describes elements involved in peer support. Forty experts (20 peers and 20 professionals) ranked the statements into a hierarchy. Q Methodology is a rigorous method to objectively research participants' subjective viewpoints, using a by-person rather than by-variable approach to factor analysis. The study was done in three stages: first order analysis to identify shared viewpoints within 1) the peer participant group, 2) the professional participant group, and 3) a second order analysis of stage 1 and 2 results to identify common viewpoints held across participant groups. Stage 3 analysis resulted in three differing viewpoints; the dominant viewpoint asserts that effective peer support is rooted in experiential knowledge, where peers build unique, trusting relationships to provide clients with a different level of support. The results highlighted different types of peer support and defined a new one: a unidirectional, mentorship-type of intentional peer support. Strengths and limitations are discussed.
homelessness; peer support; q methodology; change mechanisms; Q sort
1541-1559
Barker, Stephanie L.
c13c8f44-ca6f-497d-8eca-006707beeddf
Maguire, Nick
ebc88e0a-3c1e-4b3a-88ac-e1dad740011b
Bishop, Felicity L.
1f5429c5-325f-4ac4-aae3-6ba85d079928
Stopa, Lusia L.
b52f29fc-d1c2-450d-b321-68f95fa22c40
Barker, Stephanie L.
c13c8f44-ca6f-497d-8eca-006707beeddf
Maguire, Nick
ebc88e0a-3c1e-4b3a-88ac-e1dad740011b
Bishop, Felicity L.
1f5429c5-325f-4ac4-aae3-6ba85d079928
Stopa, Lusia L.
b52f29fc-d1c2-450d-b321-68f95fa22c40

Barker, Stephanie L., Maguire, Nick, Bishop, Felicity L. and Stopa, Lusia L. (2018) Expert viewpoints of peer support for people experiencing homelessness: A Q Sort study. Psychological Services. (In Press)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Peers have shared experiences of phenomena such as mental illness, addiction, and homelessness. Homelessness services are increasingly utilising peers in their models to support people experiencing homelessness. While there is extensive literature on peer support in general, few studies focus on the potential change mechanisms that might underpin this intervention, particularly regarding homelessness. This study aims to utilise expert opinions to identify common viewpoints on components involved in effective peer support. Forty-three statements were developed from previous literature that broadly describes elements involved in peer support. Forty experts (20 peers and 20 professionals) ranked the statements into a hierarchy. Q Methodology is a rigorous method to objectively research participants' subjective viewpoints, using a by-person rather than by-variable approach to factor analysis. The study was done in three stages: first order analysis to identify shared viewpoints within 1) the peer participant group, 2) the professional participant group, and 3) a second order analysis of stage 1 and 2 results to identify common viewpoints held across participant groups. Stage 3 analysis resulted in three differing viewpoints; the dominant viewpoint asserts that effective peer support is rooted in experiential knowledge, where peers build unique, trusting relationships to provide clients with a different level of support. The results highlighted different types of peer support and defined a new one: a unidirectional, mentorship-type of intentional peer support. Strengths and limitations are discussed.

Text RV_2_Masked_Manuscript_FINAL - Accepted Manuscript
Download (90kB)

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 23 March 2018
Keywords: homelessness; peer support; q methodology; change mechanisms; Q sort

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 419993
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/419993
ISSN: 1541-1559
PURE UUID: f4934282-eb5c-4867-8f3f-eb3d9611d852
ORCID for Nick Maguire: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-4295-8068
ORCID for Felicity L. Bishop: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-8737-6662

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 25 Apr 2018 16:30
Last modified: 26 Jun 2018 04:01

Export record

Contributors

Author: Stephanie L. Barker
Author: Nick Maguire ORCID iD
Author: Lusia L. Stopa

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×