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Distributed cognition in Search and Rescue: loosely coupled tasks and tightly coupled roles

Distributed cognition in Search and Rescue: loosely coupled tasks and tightly coupled roles
Distributed cognition in Search and Rescue: loosely coupled tasks and tightly coupled roles

The perceptual cycle model (PCM) underpins much Ergonomics research, particularly in a team context, for example in its theoretical underpinning of distributed situation awareness. Despite this, the PCM framework it has not been explicitly applied to explore team processes, which is surprising given the prevalence of teamwork in safety critical systems. This paper explores team processes in the context of search and rescue (SAR) by applying the PCM and an association classification scheme with a network analysis approach utilising the event analysis of systemic teamwork (EAST) method. Data were collected via observations and communication recordings during training flights with SAR crews and were amalgamated into a representative case study. The analysis demonstrates how the SAR team function within a distributed perceptual cycle whereby the actions of one team member become world information for another team member. Advancements to the EAST method are proposed and the implications of the research are discussed. Practitioner Summary: This paper explores the perceptual cycle interactions of SAR crews using a novel EAST approach. The analysis demonstrates how the crew function as a distributed cognitive unit and applications in terms of training and design are discussed.

Distributed cognition, EAST method, networks, Perceptual Cycle Model
0014-0139
1353-1376
Plant, Katherine L.
3638555a-f2ca-4539-962c-422686518a78
Stanton, Neville A.
351a44ab-09a0-422a-a738-01df1fe0fadd
Plant, Katherine L.
3638555a-f2ca-4539-962c-422686518a78
Stanton, Neville A.
351a44ab-09a0-422a-a738-01df1fe0fadd

Plant, Katherine L. and Stanton, Neville A. (2016) Distributed cognition in Search and Rescue: loosely coupled tasks and tightly coupled roles. Ergonomics, 59 (10), 1353-1376. (doi:10.1080/00140139.2016.1143531).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The perceptual cycle model (PCM) underpins much Ergonomics research, particularly in a team context, for example in its theoretical underpinning of distributed situation awareness. Despite this, the PCM framework it has not been explicitly applied to explore team processes, which is surprising given the prevalence of teamwork in safety critical systems. This paper explores team processes in the context of search and rescue (SAR) by applying the PCM and an association classification scheme with a network analysis approach utilising the event analysis of systemic teamwork (EAST) method. Data were collected via observations and communication recordings during training flights with SAR crews and were amalgamated into a representative case study. The analysis demonstrates how the SAR team function within a distributed perceptual cycle whereby the actions of one team member become world information for another team member. Advancements to the EAST method are proposed and the implications of the research are discussed. Practitioner Summary: This paper explores the perceptual cycle interactions of SAR crews using a novel EAST approach. The analysis demonstrates how the crew function as a distributed cognitive unit and applications in terms of training and design are discussed.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 11 January 2016
e-pub ahead of print date: 28 March 2016
Published date: 2 October 2016
Keywords: Distributed cognition, EAST method, networks, Perceptual Cycle Model

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 420024
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/420024
ISSN: 0014-0139
PURE UUID: 8b96fe4a-be62-42c2-8a67-b7845ea99faf
ORCID for Katherine L. Plant: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4532-2818
ORCID for Neville A. Stanton: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-8562-3279

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 25 Apr 2018 16:31
Last modified: 18 Feb 2021 17:14

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