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A randomised controlled trial to assess the relative benefits of large volume spacers and nebulisers to treat acute asthma in hospital

A randomised controlled trial to assess the relative benefits of large volume spacers and nebulisers to treat acute asthma in hospital
A randomised controlled trial to assess the relative benefits of large volume spacers and nebulisers to treat acute asthma in hospital

Objectives - To compare the clinical effectiveness, acceptability, and cost benefit of administering β2 agonists by means of a metered dose inhaler and large volume spacer with conventional nebulisers to children admitted to hospital with acute asthma. Methods - A randomised controlled trial was conducted over five months. Sixty one children older than 3 years admitted to a large teaching hospital and a district general hospital with acute asthma completed the study. Children received either 5 mg of salbutamol up to one hourly by jet nebuliser, or up to 10 puffs of salbutamol 100 μg by means of a metered dose inhaler and spacer up to one hourly. Results - Median hospital stay was 40 hours in the nebuliser group and 36.5 hours in the spacer group. Asthma disability scores at two weeks after discharge were significantly improved in the spacer group. Drug costs were £14.62 less for each patient in the spacer group. Conclusions - Large volume spacers are an acceptable, cost effective alternative to nebulisers in treating children admitted with acute asthma, provided that the children can use the mouthpiece, and symptoms are not severe. Their use facilitates effective home treatment by parents, with subsequent reduction in morbidity and re-admission rates.

Acute asthma, Cost effectiveness, Large volume spacer, Metered dose inhaler, Nebuliser, β agonists
0003-9888
421-423
Dewar, A.L.
6bef1ed7-197b-435f-a713-a0af80c6714a
Stewart, A.
a27e73ca-7e06-4f2c-a233-ea75c78fa024
Cogswell, J.J.
44016ecb-143d-4d50-bf82-b0b92fa9b36c
Connett, G.J.
55d5676c-90d8-46bf-a508-62eded276516
Dewar, A.L.
6bef1ed7-197b-435f-a713-a0af80c6714a
Stewart, A.
a27e73ca-7e06-4f2c-a233-ea75c78fa024
Cogswell, J.J.
44016ecb-143d-4d50-bf82-b0b92fa9b36c
Connett, G.J.
55d5676c-90d8-46bf-a508-62eded276516

Dewar, A.L., Stewart, A., Cogswell, J.J. and Connett, G.J. (1999) A randomised controlled trial to assess the relative benefits of large volume spacers and nebulisers to treat acute asthma in hospital. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 80 (5), 421-423. (doi:10.1136/adc.80.5.421).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Objectives - To compare the clinical effectiveness, acceptability, and cost benefit of administering β2 agonists by means of a metered dose inhaler and large volume spacer with conventional nebulisers to children admitted to hospital with acute asthma. Methods - A randomised controlled trial was conducted over five months. Sixty one children older than 3 years admitted to a large teaching hospital and a district general hospital with acute asthma completed the study. Children received either 5 mg of salbutamol up to one hourly by jet nebuliser, or up to 10 puffs of salbutamol 100 μg by means of a metered dose inhaler and spacer up to one hourly. Results - Median hospital stay was 40 hours in the nebuliser group and 36.5 hours in the spacer group. Asthma disability scores at two weeks after discharge were significantly improved in the spacer group. Drug costs were £14.62 less for each patient in the spacer group. Conclusions - Large volume spacers are an acceptable, cost effective alternative to nebulisers in treating children admitted with acute asthma, provided that the children can use the mouthpiece, and symptoms are not severe. Their use facilitates effective home treatment by parents, with subsequent reduction in morbidity and re-admission rates.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: May 1999
Keywords: Acute asthma, Cost effectiveness, Large volume spacer, Metered dose inhaler, Nebuliser, β agonists

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 420697
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/420697
ISSN: 0003-9888
PURE UUID: b7d40eeb-51c6-4799-8d63-2157c8f9974d
ORCID for G.J. Connett: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-1310-3239

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Date deposited: 11 May 2018 16:30
Last modified: 07 Oct 2020 02:20

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Contributors

Author: A.L. Dewar
Author: A. Stewart
Author: J.J. Cogswell
Author: G.J. Connett ORCID iD

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