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Late Quaternary palaeoclimatic and palaeoecological changes in the Mediterranean Sea

Late Quaternary palaeoclimatic and palaeoecological changes in the Mediterranean Sea
Late Quaternary palaeoclimatic and palaeoecological changes in the Mediterranean Sea
This research presents a detailed study of the planktonic foraminiferal records of eleven
sediment cores taken from a west-east transect in the Mediterranean Sea.
Correlations are based on biostratigraphy, oxygen isotope stratigraphy and assisted by
AMS 14C dating. This study assesses the potential to define a foraminiferal biostratigraphy of
basin-wide validity. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) is used to determine variabilities in
the planktonic foraminiferal records. The first principal component groups species on its
positive and negative sides in such a way that this axis may be interpreted as an expression of
SST variations. This interpretation is corroborated by its close similarity to oxygen isotope
records. Mean PCA scores confirm previous observations that the temperature gradient in the
eastern Mediterranean basin follows the same eastward increasing trend at glacial times as it
does today. In contrast, the inferred sea surface temperatures (SST) from the western
Mediterranean basin suggest a reversed gradient compared to the present.
Preliminary results are discussed from the unprecedented high resolution marine
records from two eastern Mediterranean cores. Based on PCA and planktonic foraminiferal
ratios of warm, oligotrophic mixed layer species relative to cool, more eutrophic species, a
series of cool episodes is observed throughout the Holocene. The cyclicity of these events is
calculated at approximately 1300 years, a figure comparable with Holocene climate
fluctuations recognised previously in the North Atlantic Ocean and the Greenland Ice Sheet.
Micropalaeontological investigation of two western Mediterranean cores shows for
the first time that abrupt cold spells, associated with Atlantic Heinrich-events, affected the
Mediterranean Sea. Unusually high abundances of the subpolar species N. pachyderma (leftcoiling)
in the Gulf of Lions reflect a thriving of a normally rare taxon in the western
Mediterranean, in response to distinct, short term, episodes of favourable habitat
development.
Hayes, Angela
4ecf5a9d-1a1d-47f6-9822-f4159b06eb02
Hayes, Angela
4ecf5a9d-1a1d-47f6-9822-f4159b06eb02

Hayes, Angela (1999) Late Quaternary palaeoclimatic and palaeoecological changes in the Mediterranean Sea. University of Southampton, Faculty of Science, Department of Oceanography, Doctoral Thesis, 139pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

This research presents a detailed study of the planktonic foraminiferal records of eleven
sediment cores taken from a west-east transect in the Mediterranean Sea.
Correlations are based on biostratigraphy, oxygen isotope stratigraphy and assisted by
AMS 14C dating. This study assesses the potential to define a foraminiferal biostratigraphy of
basin-wide validity. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) is used to determine variabilities in
the planktonic foraminiferal records. The first principal component groups species on its
positive and negative sides in such a way that this axis may be interpreted as an expression of
SST variations. This interpretation is corroborated by its close similarity to oxygen isotope
records. Mean PCA scores confirm previous observations that the temperature gradient in the
eastern Mediterranean basin follows the same eastward increasing trend at glacial times as it
does today. In contrast, the inferred sea surface temperatures (SST) from the western
Mediterranean basin suggest a reversed gradient compared to the present.
Preliminary results are discussed from the unprecedented high resolution marine
records from two eastern Mediterranean cores. Based on PCA and planktonic foraminiferal
ratios of warm, oligotrophic mixed layer species relative to cool, more eutrophic species, a
series of cool episodes is observed throughout the Holocene. The cyclicity of these events is
calculated at approximately 1300 years, a figure comparable with Holocene climate
fluctuations recognised previously in the North Atlantic Ocean and the Greenland Ice Sheet.
Micropalaeontological investigation of two western Mediterranean cores shows for
the first time that abrupt cold spells, associated with Atlantic Heinrich-events, affected the
Mediterranean Sea. Unusually high abundances of the subpolar species N. pachyderma (leftcoiling)
in the Gulf of Lions reflect a thriving of a normally rare taxon in the western
Mediterranean, in response to distinct, short term, episodes of favourable habitat
development.

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Published date: February 1999
Additional Information: Digitized via the E-THOS exercise.
Organisations: University of Southampton

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 42093
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/42093
PURE UUID: f0877cf4-0946-4f61-9747-a77ae8844147

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Date deposited: 15 Nov 2006
Last modified: 13 Mar 2019 21:13

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