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Global multimorbidity: a cross-sectional study of 28 countries using the World Health Surveys, 2003

Global multimorbidity: a cross-sectional study of 28 countries using the World Health Surveys, 2003
Global multimorbidity: a cross-sectional study of 28 countries using the World Health Surveys, 2003
Background

Multimorbidity defined as the “the coexistence of two or more chronic diseases” in one individual, is increasing in prevalence globally. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of multimorbidity across middle-income countries (MICs) and high-income countries (HICs), and investigate patterns by age and socio-economic status (SES).

Methods

Chronic disease data from 28 countries of the World Health Survey (2003) were extracted and inter-country socio-economic differences were examined using gross domestic product (GDP). Regression analyses were applied to examine associations of SES with multimorbidity by region adjusted for age and sex distributions.

Results

The mean world standardized prevalence was 7.8% (95% CI = 7.79–7.83). In all countries, multimorbidity increased significantly with age. A positive but non–linear relationship was found between country GDP and multimorbidity prevalence. Trend analyses of multimorbidity by SES suggest that there are intergenerational differences, with a more inverse SES gradient for younger adults compared to older adults. Higher SES was significantly associated with a decreased risk of multimorbidity in the all-region analyses.

Conclusion

Multimorbidity is a global phenomenon, not just affecting older adults in HICs. Policy makers worldwide need to address these health inequalities, and support the complex service needs of a growing multimorbid population.
1101-1262
85-86
Afshar, S.
8ad10b7e-2005-4e93-9948-164a69489350
Roderick, P.J.
dbb3cd11-4c51-4844-982b-0eb30ad5085a
Hill, A.G.
5b17aa71-0c14-4fbf-8bc9-807c8294d4ae
Dimitrov, B.D.
366d715f-ffd9-45a1-8415-65de5488472f
Kowal, P.
650be3b1-21d0-46f7-a257-1d72edc9fbda
Afshar, S.
8ad10b7e-2005-4e93-9948-164a69489350
Roderick, P.J.
dbb3cd11-4c51-4844-982b-0eb30ad5085a
Hill, A.G.
5b17aa71-0c14-4fbf-8bc9-807c8294d4ae
Dimitrov, B.D.
366d715f-ffd9-45a1-8415-65de5488472f
Kowal, P.
650be3b1-21d0-46f7-a257-1d72edc9fbda

Afshar, S., Roderick, P.J., Hill, A.G., Dimitrov, B.D. and Kowal, P. (2015) Global multimorbidity: a cross-sectional study of 28 countries using the World Health Surveys, 2003. European Journal of Public Health, 25 (Supplement 3), 85-86. (doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckv170.003).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Background

Multimorbidity defined as the “the coexistence of two or more chronic diseases” in one individual, is increasing in prevalence globally. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of multimorbidity across middle-income countries (MICs) and high-income countries (HICs), and investigate patterns by age and socio-economic status (SES).

Methods

Chronic disease data from 28 countries of the World Health Survey (2003) were extracted and inter-country socio-economic differences were examined using gross domestic product (GDP). Regression analyses were applied to examine associations of SES with multimorbidity by region adjusted for age and sex distributions.

Results

The mean world standardized prevalence was 7.8% (95% CI = 7.79–7.83). In all countries, multimorbidity increased significantly with age. A positive but non–linear relationship was found between country GDP and multimorbidity prevalence. Trend analyses of multimorbidity by SES suggest that there are intergenerational differences, with a more inverse SES gradient for younger adults compared to older adults. Higher SES was significantly associated with a decreased risk of multimorbidity in the all-region analyses.

Conclusion

Multimorbidity is a global phenomenon, not just affecting older adults in HICs. Policy makers worldwide need to address these health inequalities, and support the complex service needs of a growing multimorbid population.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

e-pub ahead of print date: 5 October 2015
Published date: October 2015

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 420985
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/420985
ISSN: 1101-1262
PURE UUID: 35a01498-15a6-49a2-80c0-f8488814e68f
ORCID for P.J. Roderick: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-9475-6850
ORCID for A.G. Hill: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4418-0379

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 21 May 2018 16:30
Last modified: 14 Mar 2019 01:52

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