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Edge effects on the fluttering characteristics of freely falling planar particles

Edge effects on the fluttering characteristics of freely falling planar particles
Edge effects on the fluttering characteristics of freely falling planar particles
The effect of particle edge geometry on the descent motion of free falling planar particles is examined through experiments. Various planar particles, such as disk and polygons, with identical frontal areas ($A_p$) and different number of edges (or perimeter) are used. All particles are designed such that their values of Galileo number (G) and dimensionless moment of inertia (I*) correspond to the previously identified fluttering regime of particle motion. Several modes of secondary motion are observed for the same particle and conditions, and these are not equally probable. This probability depends on the particle shape. Disks and heptagons were found to prefer a `planar zig-zag' behaviour. These planar motions are composed of gliding sweeps and turning sections. As the number of sides in the polygon decreases, i.e. for hexagons and pentagons, the trajectory transition to a more three-dimensional form. These trajectories were found to be restricted to one plane per swing but the subsequent swings are in other planes. Further decrease in number of sides to a square results in the trajectories having a severe out-of-plane motion. These sub-regimes of particle motion within the fluttering regime are consistent with those reported for disks in previous studies. Based on this information, a new length scale that accounts for the frontal area of the particles and its edge geometry (i.e. perimeter) is proposed. This length scale represents the first approach to determine an equivalent disks for planar particles such that the phase diagram in the Reynolds number (Re) - dimensionless moment of inertia (I*) domain can be used to characterise the motion of planar particles with different frontal geometries. However further experiments covering other domains of the regime map are needed to verify its universality.
2469-990X
Blay Esteban, Luis
cbfef12f-f6c3-460f-b614-c347c0291351
Shrimpton, John
9cf82d2e-2f00-4ddf-bd19-9aff443784af
Ganapathisubramani, Bharathram
5e69099f-2f39-4fdd-8a85-3ac906827052
Blay Esteban, Luis
cbfef12f-f6c3-460f-b614-c347c0291351
Shrimpton, John
9cf82d2e-2f00-4ddf-bd19-9aff443784af
Ganapathisubramani, Bharathram
5e69099f-2f39-4fdd-8a85-3ac906827052

Blay Esteban, Luis, Shrimpton, John and Ganapathisubramani, Bharathram (2018) Edge effects on the fluttering characteristics of freely falling planar particles. Physical Review Fluids.

Record type: Article

Abstract

The effect of particle edge geometry on the descent motion of free falling planar particles is examined through experiments. Various planar particles, such as disk and polygons, with identical frontal areas ($A_p$) and different number of edges (or perimeter) are used. All particles are designed such that their values of Galileo number (G) and dimensionless moment of inertia (I*) correspond to the previously identified fluttering regime of particle motion. Several modes of secondary motion are observed for the same particle and conditions, and these are not equally probable. This probability depends on the particle shape. Disks and heptagons were found to prefer a `planar zig-zag' behaviour. These planar motions are composed of gliding sweeps and turning sections. As the number of sides in the polygon decreases, i.e. for hexagons and pentagons, the trajectory transition to a more three-dimensional form. These trajectories were found to be restricted to one plane per swing but the subsequent swings are in other planes. Further decrease in number of sides to a square results in the trajectories having a severe out-of-plane motion. These sub-regimes of particle motion within the fluttering regime are consistent with those reported for disks in previous studies. Based on this information, a new length scale that accounts for the frontal area of the particles and its edge geometry (i.e. perimeter) is proposed. This length scale represents the first approach to determine an equivalent disks for planar particles such that the phase diagram in the Reynolds number (Re) - dimensionless moment of inertia (I*) domain can be used to characterise the motion of planar particles with different frontal geometries. However further experiments covering other domains of the regime map are needed to verify its universality.

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Accepted/In Press date: 17 May 2018
e-pub ahead of print date: 5 June 2018

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 420986
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/420986
ISSN: 2469-990X
PURE UUID: 3fd385ae-1951-4327-89f8-15ad391b2b57
ORCID for Bharathram Ganapathisubramani: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-9817-0486

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Date deposited: 21 May 2018 16:30
Last modified: 14 Mar 2019 01:37

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