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Light, the universe and everything–12 Herculean tasks for quantum cowboys and black diamond skiers

Light, the universe and everything–12 Herculean tasks for quantum cowboys and black diamond skiers
Light, the universe and everything–12 Herculean tasks for quantum cowboys and black diamond skiers

The Winter Colloquium on the Physics of Quantum Electronics (PQE) has been a seminal force in quantum optics and related areas since 1971. It is rather mind-boggling to recognize how the concepts presented at these conferences have transformed scientific understanding and human society. In January 2017, the participants of PQE were asked to consider the equally important prospects for the future, and to formulate a set of questions representing some of the greatest aspirations in this broad field. The result is this multi-authored paper, in which many of the world’s leading experts address the following fundamental questions: (1) What is the future of gravitational wave astronomy? (2) Are there new quantum phases of matter away from equilibrium that can be found and exploited–such as the time crystal? (3) Quantum theory in uncharted territory: What can we learn? (4) What are the ultimate limits for laser photon energies? (5) What are the ultimate limits to temporal, spatial and optical resolution? (6) What novel roles will atoms play in technology? (7) What applications lie ahead for nitrogen-vacancy centres in diamond? (8) What is the future of quantum coherence, squeezing and entanglement for enhanced super-resolution and sensing? (9) How can we solve (some of) humanity’s biggest problems through new quantum technologies? (10) What new understanding of materials and biological molecules will result from their dynamical characterization with free-electron lasers? (11) What new technologies and fundamental discoveries might quantum optics achieve by the end of this century? (12) What novel topological structures can be created and employed in quantum optics?.

Bayesian, Bekenstein–Hawking, Bose–Einstein condensate, coherence, equivalence principle, fractal quantum carpets, free-electron laser, gravitational waves, imaging, interferometry, isotope separation, Lamb shift, laser, LIGO, lithography, magnetometer, maser, Maxwell’s demon, metrology, nanostructure, nitrogen-vacancy centres, non-linear, optics, photon, photonics, Quantum, quantum computing, quantum internet, Rayleigh limit, Riemann hypothesis, sensing, solar energy, super-resolution, superradiance, time crystal, topological
0950-0340
1261-1308
Agarwal, Girish
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Allen, Roland E.
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Bezděková, Iva
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Boyd, Robert W.
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Chen, Goong
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Hanson, Ronald
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Hawthorne, Dean L.
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Hemmer, Philip
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Kim, Moochan B.
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Kocharovskaya, Olga
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Lee, David M.
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Lidström, Sebastian K.
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Lidström, Suzy
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Losert, Harald
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Maier, Helmut
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Neuberger, John W.
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Padgett, Miles J.
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Raizen, Mark
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Rajendran, Surjeet
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Rasel, Ernst
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Schleich, Wolfgang P.
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Shchedrin, Gavriil
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Shvets, Gennady
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Sokolov, Alexei
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Svidzinsky, Anatoly
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Walsworth, Ronald L.
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Weiss, Rainer
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Wilczek, Frank
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Willner, Alan E.
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Yablonovich, Eli
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Zheludev, Nikolay
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Agarwal, Girish
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Allen, Roland E.
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Bezděková, Iva
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Boyd, Robert W.
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Chen, Goong
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Hanson, Ronald
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Hawthorne, Dean L.
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Hemmer, Philip
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Kim, Moochan B.
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Kocharovskaya, Olga
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Lee, David M.
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Lidström, Sebastian K.
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Lidström, Suzy
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Losert, Harald
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Maier, Helmut
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Neuberger, John W.
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Padgett, Miles J.
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Raizen, Mark
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Rasel, Ernst
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Schleich, Wolfgang P.
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Scully, Marlan O.
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Shchedrin, Gavriil
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Shvets, Gennady
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Sokolov, Alexei
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Svidzinsky, Anatoly
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Walsworth, Ronald L.
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Weiss, Rainer
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Wilczek, Frank
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Willner, Alan E.
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Yablonovich, Eli
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Zheludev, Nikolay
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Agarwal, Girish, Allen, Roland E., Bezděková, Iva, Boyd, Robert W., Chen, Goong, Hanson, Ronald, Hawthorne, Dean L., Hemmer, Philip, Kim, Moochan B., Kocharovskaya, Olga, Lee, David M., Lidström, Sebastian K., Lidström, Suzy, Losert, Harald, Maier, Helmut, Neuberger, John W., Padgett, Miles J., Raizen, Mark, Rajendran, Surjeet, Rasel, Ernst, Schleich, Wolfgang P., Scully, Marlan O., Shchedrin, Gavriil, Shvets, Gennady, Sokolov, Alexei, Svidzinsky, Anatoly, Walsworth, Ronald L., Weiss, Rainer, Wilczek, Frank, Willner, Alan E., Yablonovich, Eli and Zheludev, Nikolay (2018) Light, the universe and everything–12 Herculean tasks for quantum cowboys and black diamond skiers. Journal of Modern Optics, 65 (11), 1261-1308. (doi:10.1080/09500340.2018.1454525).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The Winter Colloquium on the Physics of Quantum Electronics (PQE) has been a seminal force in quantum optics and related areas since 1971. It is rather mind-boggling to recognize how the concepts presented at these conferences have transformed scientific understanding and human society. In January 2017, the participants of PQE were asked to consider the equally important prospects for the future, and to formulate a set of questions representing some of the greatest aspirations in this broad field. The result is this multi-authored paper, in which many of the world’s leading experts address the following fundamental questions: (1) What is the future of gravitational wave astronomy? (2) Are there new quantum phases of matter away from equilibrium that can be found and exploited–such as the time crystal? (3) Quantum theory in uncharted territory: What can we learn? (4) What are the ultimate limits for laser photon energies? (5) What are the ultimate limits to temporal, spatial and optical resolution? (6) What novel roles will atoms play in technology? (7) What applications lie ahead for nitrogen-vacancy centres in diamond? (8) What is the future of quantum coherence, squeezing and entanglement for enhanced super-resolution and sensing? (9) How can we solve (some of) humanity’s biggest problems through new quantum technologies? (10) What new understanding of materials and biological molecules will result from their dynamical characterization with free-electron lasers? (11) What new technologies and fundamental discoveries might quantum optics achieve by the end of this century? (12) What novel topological structures can be created and employed in quantum optics?.

Text
1802.06110 - Accepted Manuscript
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Accepted/In Press date: 30 October 2017
e-pub ahead of print date: 24 April 2018
Published date: 25 June 2018
Additional Information: Review document - not original research. Author confirmed Arxiv record 1802.06110 is AM
Keywords: Bayesian, Bekenstein–Hawking, Bose–Einstein condensate, coherence, equivalence principle, fractal quantum carpets, free-electron laser, gravitational waves, imaging, interferometry, isotope separation, Lamb shift, laser, LIGO, lithography, magnetometer, maser, Maxwell’s demon, metrology, nanostructure, nitrogen-vacancy centres, non-linear, optics, photon, photonics, Quantum, quantum computing, quantum internet, Rayleigh limit, Riemann hypothesis, sensing, solar energy, super-resolution, superradiance, time crystal, topological

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 421036
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/421036
ISSN: 0950-0340
PURE UUID: c7978780-2e99-4999-9ddb-438de0c49e4e
ORCID for Nikolay Zheludev: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-1013-6636

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Date deposited: 21 May 2018 16:30
Last modified: 17 Dec 2019 05:26

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Contributors

Author: Girish Agarwal
Author: Roland E. Allen
Author: Iva Bezděková
Author: Robert W. Boyd
Author: Goong Chen
Author: Ronald Hanson
Author: Dean L. Hawthorne
Author: Philip Hemmer
Author: Moochan B. Kim
Author: Olga Kocharovskaya
Author: David M. Lee
Author: Sebastian K. Lidström
Author: Suzy Lidström
Author: Harald Losert
Author: Helmut Maier
Author: John W. Neuberger
Author: Miles J. Padgett
Author: Mark Raizen
Author: Surjeet Rajendran
Author: Ernst Rasel
Author: Wolfgang P. Schleich
Author: Marlan O. Scully
Author: Gavriil Shchedrin
Author: Gennady Shvets
Author: Alexei Sokolov
Author: Anatoly Svidzinsky
Author: Ronald L. Walsworth
Author: Rainer Weiss
Author: Frank Wilczek
Author: Alan E. Willner
Author: Eli Yablonovich

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