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Doubts about how the Middle Horizon collapsed (ca. A.D. 1000) and other insights from the looted cemeteries of the Lower Ica Valley, South Coast of Peru

Doubts about how the Middle Horizon collapsed (ca. A.D. 1000) and other insights from the looted cemeteries of the Lower Ica Valley, South Coast of Peru
Doubts about how the Middle Horizon collapsed (ca. A.D. 1000) and other insights from the looted cemeteries of the Lower Ica Valley, South Coast of Peru

This paper presents new information from funerary contexts in the lower Ica Valley, on the south coast of Peru, spanning two millennia from the end of the Early Horizon to the Late Intermediate Period. Although severely looted, these sites can still yield valuable information. We discuss their architecture and material culture in the context of radiocarbon dates. Among other findings, these cast new light on the poorly understood transition from the Middle Horizon to the Late Intermediate Period, for which a paucity of archaeological data from ca. a.d. 1000–1250 has long been taken as evidence of an environmentally- or socially-induced demographic collapse. Yet the data we present here suggest that the basins of the lower Ica Valley were likely occupied continuously over this period, and that the echoes of Wari influence here may have lasted longer than previously thought.

burial archaeology, chronology, Late Intermediate Period, Middle Horizon, South coast of Peru
0093-4690
316-331
Cadwallader, Lauren
3c47232e-dd68-430b-ae4b-62b419b86205
Beresford-Jones, David G.
2d22df56-d1bc-40e6-9e8e-0e8c7c76f0f0
Sturt, Fraser C.
442e14e1-136f-4159-bd8e-b002bf6b95f6
Pullen, Alexander G.
0a7bae79-5c4e-4547-9f6a-cf9102db79f5
Arce Torres, Susana
5cf7273c-92ca-4c7c-b17e-318819ab5fc6
Cadwallader, Lauren
3c47232e-dd68-430b-ae4b-62b419b86205
Beresford-Jones, David G.
2d22df56-d1bc-40e6-9e8e-0e8c7c76f0f0
Sturt, Fraser C.
442e14e1-136f-4159-bd8e-b002bf6b95f6
Pullen, Alexander G.
0a7bae79-5c4e-4547-9f6a-cf9102db79f5
Arce Torres, Susana
5cf7273c-92ca-4c7c-b17e-318819ab5fc6

Cadwallader, Lauren, Beresford-Jones, David G., Sturt, Fraser C., Pullen, Alexander G. and Arce Torres, Susana (2018) Doubts about how the Middle Horizon collapsed (ca. A.D. 1000) and other insights from the looted cemeteries of the Lower Ica Valley, South Coast of Peru. Journal of Field Archaeology, 43 (4), 316-331. (doi:10.1080/00934690.2018.1464306).

Record type: Article

Abstract

This paper presents new information from funerary contexts in the lower Ica Valley, on the south coast of Peru, spanning two millennia from the end of the Early Horizon to the Late Intermediate Period. Although severely looted, these sites can still yield valuable information. We discuss their architecture and material culture in the context of radiocarbon dates. Among other findings, these cast new light on the poorly understood transition from the Middle Horizon to the Late Intermediate Period, for which a paucity of archaeological data from ca. a.d. 1000–1250 has long been taken as evidence of an environmentally- or socially-induced demographic collapse. Yet the data we present here suggest that the basins of the lower Ica Valley were likely occupied continuously over this period, and that the echoes of Wari influence here may have lasted longer than previously thought.

Text Doubts about How the Middle Horizon Collapsed ca A D 1000 and Other Insights from the Looted Cemeteries of the Lower Ica Valley South Coast of Peru - Version of Record
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Accepted/In Press date: 5 May 2018
e-pub ahead of print date: 7 May 2018
Keywords: burial archaeology, chronology, Late Intermediate Period, Middle Horizon, South coast of Peru

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 421171
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/421171
ISSN: 0093-4690
PURE UUID: 2fa2d50a-39b2-4b7e-9024-e312c24f7aad

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Date deposited: 24 May 2018 16:30
Last modified: 29 May 2018 16:30

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Contributors

Author: Lauren Cadwallader
Author: David G. Beresford-Jones
Author: Fraser C. Sturt
Author: Alexander G. Pullen
Author: Susana Arce Torres

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