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Periodontal disease severity is associated with micronutrient intake

Periodontal disease severity is associated with micronutrient intake
Periodontal disease severity is associated with micronutrient intake

Background: This study aimed to examine if specific micronutrients were associated with periodontal disease using data from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2011 to 2014. Methods: Participants who were aged 30 years or more and received complete periodontal examinations were included. Regression analyses were performed to determine associations of variables of interest with periodontal disease. Results: Data of 6415 NHANES participants were included in the analysis. Multivariable analysis revealed that less intake of vitamin A (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 1.784), vitamin B1 (aOR = 1.334), vitamin C (aOR = 1.401), vitamin E (aOR = 1.576), iron (aOR = 1.234), folate (aOR = 1.254) and phosphorus (aOR = 1.280) was associated with increased severity of periodontal disease. Compared with the highest level of vitamin D intake, the second highest level of vitamin D intake was associated with lower severity of periodontal disease (aOR = 0.727). Conclusions: Insufficient intake of vitamin A, B1, C and E, iron, folate and phosphorus was significantly associated with severity of periodontal disease. Results of the present study suggest that the above micronutrients may be increased in the diet or taken as dietary supplements in order to reduce severity of periodontal disease.

Micronutrient intake, National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey, periodontal disease, severity, vitamin D
0045-0421
193-201
Luo, P.P.
8ab3ff94-ef58-478a-bc99-cf235d4d9f48
Xu, H.S.
bef9c7a7-b3ca-4c01-a9b0-424ea935c50c
Chen, Y.W.
7434f7d9-5101-4606-8c0f-80fd58f283e5
Wu, S.P.
b07bb268-e094-45f9-a190-d066c37f22af
Luo, P.P.
8ab3ff94-ef58-478a-bc99-cf235d4d9f48
Xu, H.S.
bef9c7a7-b3ca-4c01-a9b0-424ea935c50c
Chen, Y.W.
7434f7d9-5101-4606-8c0f-80fd58f283e5
Wu, S.P.
b07bb268-e094-45f9-a190-d066c37f22af

Luo, P.P., Xu, H.S., Chen, Y.W. and Wu, S.P. (2018) Periodontal disease severity is associated with micronutrient intake. Australian Dental Journal, 63 (2), 193-201. (doi:10.1111/adj.12606).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Background: This study aimed to examine if specific micronutrients were associated with periodontal disease using data from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2011 to 2014. Methods: Participants who were aged 30 years or more and received complete periodontal examinations were included. Regression analyses were performed to determine associations of variables of interest with periodontal disease. Results: Data of 6415 NHANES participants were included in the analysis. Multivariable analysis revealed that less intake of vitamin A (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 1.784), vitamin B1 (aOR = 1.334), vitamin C (aOR = 1.401), vitamin E (aOR = 1.576), iron (aOR = 1.234), folate (aOR = 1.254) and phosphorus (aOR = 1.280) was associated with increased severity of periodontal disease. Compared with the highest level of vitamin D intake, the second highest level of vitamin D intake was associated with lower severity of periodontal disease (aOR = 0.727). Conclusions: Insufficient intake of vitamin A, B1, C and E, iron, folate and phosphorus was significantly associated with severity of periodontal disease. Results of the present study suggest that the above micronutrients may be increased in the diet or taken as dietary supplements in order to reduce severity of periodontal disease.

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More information

e-pub ahead of print date: 6 March 2018
Published date: 1 June 2018
Keywords: Micronutrient intake, National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey, periodontal disease, severity, vitamin D

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 421504
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/421504
ISSN: 0045-0421
PURE UUID: dcae2553-ac83-4236-bda1-490848901e0d
ORCID for S.P. Wu: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-4488-7259

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 14 Jun 2018 16:30
Last modified: 26 Nov 2021 03:07

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Contributors

Author: P.P. Luo
Author: H.S. Xu
Author: Y.W. Chen
Author: S.P. Wu ORCID iD

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