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Inflammation-linked adaptations in dermal microvascular reactivity accompany the development of obesity and Type 2 diabetes: microvascular functionality adapts to obesity and type 2 diabetes

Inflammation-linked adaptations in dermal microvascular reactivity accompany the development of obesity and Type 2 diabetes: microvascular functionality adapts to obesity and type 2 diabetes
Inflammation-linked adaptations in dermal microvascular reactivity accompany the development of obesity and Type 2 diabetes: microvascular functionality adapts to obesity and type 2 diabetes
Background/Objectives: the increased prevalence of obesity has prompted great strides in our understanding of specific adipose depots and their involvement in cardio-metabolic health. However, the impact of obesity on dermal white adipose tissue (dWAT) and dermal microvascular functionality remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the temporal changes that occur in dWAT and in dermal microvascular functionality during the development of diet-induced obesity and type 2 diabetes in mice.
Methods: metabolic phenotyping of a murine model of hypercaloric diet (HCD)-induced obesity and type 2 diabetes, was performed at three time points that reflected three distinct stages of disease development; 2 weeks of HCD-overweight-metabolically healthy, 4 weeks of HCD-obese-prediabetic, and 12 weeks of HCD-obese-type 2 diabetic mice. Expansion of dWAT was characterised histologically, and changes in dermal microvascular reactivity was assessed in response to pressure and the vasodilators SNP and Ach.
Results: hypercaloric diet resulted in a progressive expansion of dWAT and increased expression of pro-inflammatory markers (IL1β and COX-2). Impairments in pressure-induced (PIV) and Ach-induced (endothelium-dependent) vasodilation occurred early, in overweight metabolically healthy mice. Residual vasodilatory responses were NOS-independent but sensitive to COX inhibition. These changes were associated with reductions in NO and adiponectin bioavailability, and rescued by exogenous adiponectin or hyperinsulinemia. Obese-prediabetic mice continued to exhibit impaired Ach-dependent vasodilation but PIV appeared normalized. This normalisation coincided with elevated endogenous adiponectin and insulin levels, and was sensitive to NOS, COX and PI3K, inhibition. In obese-type 2 diabetic mice, both Ach-stimulated and pressure-induced vasodilatory responses were increased through enhanced COX-2-dependent prostaglandin response.
Conclusions: we demonstrate that the development of obesity, metabolic dysfunction and type 2 diabetes, in HCD-fed mice, is accompanied by increased dermal adiposity and associated metaflammation in dWAT. Importantly, these temporal changes are also linked to disease stage-specific dermal microvascular reactivity, which may reflect adaptive mechanisms driven by metaflammation.
0307-0565
556–566
Nguyen-Tu, Marie-Sophie
86373c33-3700-4df8-8bc4-282fe357c073
Nivoit, Pierre
03072d18-0797-42a3-90a8-972487f98218
Oréa, Valérie
c997b3e4-34d6-4e36-a975-ace0575dfff4
Lemoine, Sandrine
ffe480ef-6f38-4a0c-a4cc-cf2935cfb858
Acquaviva, Cécile
2a148fa3-d98e-4de9-98d0-398472cee257
Pagnon-Minot, Aurélie
a86f206e-1b1a-4d96-944c-e5f67e0a02e2
Fromy, Bérengère
c6c8296f-da34-4c18-b553-375917538ad8
Sethi, Jaswinder K.
923f1a81-91e4-46cd-8853-bb4a979f5a85
Sigaudo-Roussel, Dominique
5e85ba20-f15d-40f1-be2a-64acc852c897
Nguyen-Tu, Marie-Sophie
86373c33-3700-4df8-8bc4-282fe357c073
Nivoit, Pierre
03072d18-0797-42a3-90a8-972487f98218
Oréa, Valérie
c997b3e4-34d6-4e36-a975-ace0575dfff4
Lemoine, Sandrine
ffe480ef-6f38-4a0c-a4cc-cf2935cfb858
Acquaviva, Cécile
2a148fa3-d98e-4de9-98d0-398472cee257
Pagnon-Minot, Aurélie
a86f206e-1b1a-4d96-944c-e5f67e0a02e2
Fromy, Bérengère
c6c8296f-da34-4c18-b553-375917538ad8
Sethi, Jaswinder K.
923f1a81-91e4-46cd-8853-bb4a979f5a85
Sigaudo-Roussel, Dominique
5e85ba20-f15d-40f1-be2a-64acc852c897

Nguyen-Tu, Marie-Sophie, Nivoit, Pierre, Oréa, Valérie, Lemoine, Sandrine, Acquaviva, Cécile, Pagnon-Minot, Aurélie, Fromy, Bérengère, Sethi, Jaswinder K. and Sigaudo-Roussel, Dominique (2019) Inflammation-linked adaptations in dermal microvascular reactivity accompany the development of obesity and Type 2 diabetes: microvascular functionality adapts to obesity and type 2 diabetes. International Journal of Obesity, 43 (3), 556–566. (doi:10.1038/s41366-018-0148-4).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Background/Objectives: the increased prevalence of obesity has prompted great strides in our understanding of specific adipose depots and their involvement in cardio-metabolic health. However, the impact of obesity on dermal white adipose tissue (dWAT) and dermal microvascular functionality remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the temporal changes that occur in dWAT and in dermal microvascular functionality during the development of diet-induced obesity and type 2 diabetes in mice.
Methods: metabolic phenotyping of a murine model of hypercaloric diet (HCD)-induced obesity and type 2 diabetes, was performed at three time points that reflected three distinct stages of disease development; 2 weeks of HCD-overweight-metabolically healthy, 4 weeks of HCD-obese-prediabetic, and 12 weeks of HCD-obese-type 2 diabetic mice. Expansion of dWAT was characterised histologically, and changes in dermal microvascular reactivity was assessed in response to pressure and the vasodilators SNP and Ach.
Results: hypercaloric diet resulted in a progressive expansion of dWAT and increased expression of pro-inflammatory markers (IL1β and COX-2). Impairments in pressure-induced (PIV) and Ach-induced (endothelium-dependent) vasodilation occurred early, in overweight metabolically healthy mice. Residual vasodilatory responses were NOS-independent but sensitive to COX inhibition. These changes were associated with reductions in NO and adiponectin bioavailability, and rescued by exogenous adiponectin or hyperinsulinemia. Obese-prediabetic mice continued to exhibit impaired Ach-dependent vasodilation but PIV appeared normalized. This normalisation coincided with elevated endogenous adiponectin and insulin levels, and was sensitive to NOS, COX and PI3K, inhibition. In obese-type 2 diabetic mice, both Ach-stimulated and pressure-induced vasodilatory responses were increased through enhanced COX-2-dependent prostaglandin response.
Conclusions: we demonstrate that the development of obesity, metabolic dysfunction and type 2 diabetes, in HCD-fed mice, is accompanied by increased dermal adiposity and associated metaflammation in dWAT. Importantly, these temporal changes are also linked to disease stage-specific dermal microvascular reactivity, which may reflect adaptive mechanisms driven by metaflammation.

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2018_IJO_Nguyen etal_MS - Accepted Manuscript
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Accepted/In Press date: 8 June 2018
e-pub ahead of print date: 13 July 2018
Published date: 3 March 2019

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 421519
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/421519
ISSN: 0307-0565
PURE UUID: 4eb6aeb5-6134-4da3-82ea-b64f1f9f42ca
ORCID for Jaswinder K. Sethi: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-4157-0475

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Date deposited: 14 Jun 2018 16:30
Last modified: 19 Jul 2019 05:49

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