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Low Reynolds number effect on energy extraction performance of semi-passive flapping foil

Low Reynolds number effect on energy extraction performance of semi-passive flapping foil
Low Reynolds number effect on energy extraction performance of semi-passive flapping foil
In this paper, 2-D numerical solution scheme is used to study the performance of semi-passive flapping foil flow energy harvester at Reynolds numbers ranging from 5000 to 50,000. The energy harvester comprises of NACA0015 airfoil which is supported on a translational spring and damper. An external sinusoidal pitch excitation is provided to the airfoil. Energy is extracted from the flow induced vibration of airfoil in translational mode. Movement of airfoil is accommodated in fluid domain by using a hybrid meshfree Cartesian fluid grid. A body conformal meshfree nodal cloud forms the near field domain, encompassing the airfoil. During the simulation, the solid boundary causes the motion of the meshfree nodal cloud, without necessitating re-meshing. In the far field, the static Cartesian grid encloses and partly overlaps the meshfree nodal cloud. A coupled mesh based and meshfree solution scheme is utilized to solve laminar flow, viscous, incompressible equations, in Arbitrary-Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) formulation, over a hybrid grid. Spatial discretization of flow equations is carried out using radial basis function in finite difference mode (RBF-FD) over meshfree nodes and conventional finite differencing over Cartesian grid. Stabilized flow momentum equations are used to avoid spurious fluctuations at high Reynolds numbers. A closely coupled, partitioned, sub-iteration method is used for fluid structure interaction. The study is focused to analyse the behaviour of flow energy harvesters at various Reynolds numbers. Effects of changing the translational spring stiffness and pitch activation frequency are also investigated. Instantaneous flow structures around the airfoil have been compared at different Reynolds numbers and pitch amplitudes. It is found that net power extracted by the system increases at high Reynolds numbers. Moreover, re-attachment of leading edge separation vortex plays an important role in their overall system performance.
1735-3572
1613-1627
Javed, Ali
651c9b09-c3dd-4ea0-a826-beb391e7f497
Djidjeli, Kamal
94ac4002-4170-495b-a443-74fde3b92998
Naveed, A.
da9a523d-694d-4590-b44f-d97371ab5572
Xing, Jing
d4fe7ae0-2668-422a-8d89-9e66527835ce
Javed, Ali
651c9b09-c3dd-4ea0-a826-beb391e7f497
Djidjeli, Kamal
94ac4002-4170-495b-a443-74fde3b92998
Naveed, A.
da9a523d-694d-4590-b44f-d97371ab5572
Xing, Jing
d4fe7ae0-2668-422a-8d89-9e66527835ce

Javed, Ali, Djidjeli, Kamal, Naveed, A. and Xing, Jing (2018) Low Reynolds number effect on energy extraction performance of semi-passive flapping foil. Journal of Applied Fluid Mechanics, 11 (6), 1613-1627. (doi:10.18869/acadpub.jafm.73.249.27852).

Record type: Article

Abstract

In this paper, 2-D numerical solution scheme is used to study the performance of semi-passive flapping foil flow energy harvester at Reynolds numbers ranging from 5000 to 50,000. The energy harvester comprises of NACA0015 airfoil which is supported on a translational spring and damper. An external sinusoidal pitch excitation is provided to the airfoil. Energy is extracted from the flow induced vibration of airfoil in translational mode. Movement of airfoil is accommodated in fluid domain by using a hybrid meshfree Cartesian fluid grid. A body conformal meshfree nodal cloud forms the near field domain, encompassing the airfoil. During the simulation, the solid boundary causes the motion of the meshfree nodal cloud, without necessitating re-meshing. In the far field, the static Cartesian grid encloses and partly overlaps the meshfree nodal cloud. A coupled mesh based and meshfree solution scheme is utilized to solve laminar flow, viscous, incompressible equations, in Arbitrary-Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) formulation, over a hybrid grid. Spatial discretization of flow equations is carried out using radial basis function in finite difference mode (RBF-FD) over meshfree nodes and conventional finite differencing over Cartesian grid. Stabilized flow momentum equations are used to avoid spurious fluctuations at high Reynolds numbers. A closely coupled, partitioned, sub-iteration method is used for fluid structure interaction. The study is focused to analyse the behaviour of flow energy harvesters at various Reynolds numbers. Effects of changing the translational spring stiffness and pitch activation frequency are also investigated. Instantaneous flow structures around the airfoil have been compared at different Reynolds numbers and pitch amplitudes. It is found that net power extracted by the system increases at high Reynolds numbers. Moreover, re-attachment of leading edge separation vortex plays an important role in their overall system performance.

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Accepted/In Press date: 7 May 2018
e-pub ahead of print date: 1 November 2018

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 421621
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/421621
ISSN: 1735-3572
PURE UUID: 8b590213-5373-4c8b-baa6-676ad2b90c4c

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Date deposited: 18 Jun 2018 16:30
Last modified: 16 Dec 2019 18:10

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