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Where the smart things are: Social machines and the Internet of Things

Where the smart things are: Social machines and the Internet of Things
Where the smart things are: Social machines and the Internet of Things
The emergence of large-scale social media systems, such as Wikipedia, Facebook, and Twitter, has given rise to a new multi-disciplinary effort based around the concept of social machines. For the most part, this research effort has limited its attention to the study of Web-based systems. It has also, perhaps unsurprisingly, tended to highlight the social scientific relevance of such systems. The present paper seeks to expand the scope of the social machine research effort to encompass the Internet of Things. One advantage of this expansion is that it helps to reveal some of the links between the science of social machines and the sciences of the mind. A second advantage is that it furthers our conceptual understanding of social machines and supports the quest to derive a philosophically-robust definition of the term “social machine.” The results of the present analysis suggest that social machines are best conceived as systems in which a combination of social and technological elements play a role in the mechanistic realization of system-level phenomena. The analysis also highlights the relevance of cognitive science and the philosophy of mind to our general understanding of systems that transcend the cyber, physical, and social domains.
Internet of Things, Social computation, Distributed cognition, Social Machines, Artificial Intelligence, Ambient intelligence
Smart, Paul
cd8a3dbf-d963-4009-80fb-76ecc93579df
Madaan, Aastha
3b5d5010-aa6c-4412-80a4-31d57a270776
Hall, Wendy
11f7f8db-854c-4481-b1ae-721a51d8790c
Smart, Paul
cd8a3dbf-d963-4009-80fb-76ecc93579df
Madaan, Aastha
3b5d5010-aa6c-4412-80a4-31d57a270776
Hall, Wendy
11f7f8db-854c-4481-b1ae-721a51d8790c

Smart, Paul, Madaan, Aastha and Hall, Wendy (2018) Where the smart things are: Social machines and the Internet of Things. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences. (doi:10.1007/s11097-018-9583-x).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The emergence of large-scale social media systems, such as Wikipedia, Facebook, and Twitter, has given rise to a new multi-disciplinary effort based around the concept of social machines. For the most part, this research effort has limited its attention to the study of Web-based systems. It has also, perhaps unsurprisingly, tended to highlight the social scientific relevance of such systems. The present paper seeks to expand the scope of the social machine research effort to encompass the Internet of Things. One advantage of this expansion is that it helps to reveal some of the links between the science of social machines and the sciences of the mind. A second advantage is that it furthers our conceptual understanding of social machines and supports the quest to derive a philosophically-robust definition of the term “social machine.” The results of the present analysis suggest that social machines are best conceived as systems in which a combination of social and technological elements play a role in the mechanistic realization of system-level phenomena. The analysis also highlights the relevance of cognitive science and the philosophy of mind to our general understanding of systems that transcend the cyber, physical, and social domains.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 20 June 2018
e-pub ahead of print date: 17 July 2018
Keywords: Internet of Things, Social computation, Distributed cognition, Social Machines, Artificial Intelligence, Ambient intelligence

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 422439
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/422439
PURE UUID: 956c2a61-8391-4950-bd1b-1f6e79d832aa
ORCID for Paul Smart: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-9989-5307
ORCID for Wendy Hall: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-4327-7811

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 24 Jul 2018 16:30
Last modified: 31 Jul 2018 00:37

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