The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Return migration and the transfer of gender norms: Evidence from the Middle East

Return migration and the transfer of gender norms: Evidence from the Middle East
Return migration and the transfer of gender norms: Evidence from the Middle East
Does international return migration transfer gender norms? Focusing on Jordan, an Arab country where gender inequality and emigration rates are high, this paper exploits unique data in which detailed information on female empowerment allows us to construct several measures of social norms in Jordan on the role of women, female freedom of mobility, and female decision-making power. Controlling for both emigration and return migration selections, we
find that women with a returnee family member are more likely to bear traditional gender norms than women in households with no migration experience. Further analysis shows that results are driven by returnees from more conservative Arab countries, suggesting a transfer of conservative norms from destinations with highly traditional gender roles. We also show the
implications of our results beyond perceptions for several economic and development outcomes, such as female labour force participation, education and fertility.
0147-5967
Tuccio, Michele
91a7bc75-9616-4077-8eea-c0279e4e40ed
Wahba, Jackline
03ae9304-c329-40c6-9bfc-d91cfa9e7164
Tuccio, Michele
91a7bc75-9616-4077-8eea-c0279e4e40ed
Wahba, Jackline
03ae9304-c329-40c6-9bfc-d91cfa9e7164

Tuccio, Michele and Wahba, Jackline (2018) Return migration and the transfer of gender norms: Evidence from the Middle East. Journal of Comparative Economics. (doi:10.1016/j.jce.2018.07.015).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Does international return migration transfer gender norms? Focusing on Jordan, an Arab country where gender inequality and emigration rates are high, this paper exploits unique data in which detailed information on female empowerment allows us to construct several measures of social norms in Jordan on the role of women, female freedom of mobility, and female decision-making power. Controlling for both emigration and return migration selections, we
find that women with a returnee family member are more likely to bear traditional gender norms than women in households with no migration experience. Further analysis shows that results are driven by returnees from more conservative Arab countries, suggesting a transfer of conservative norms from destinations with highly traditional gender roles. We also show the
implications of our results beyond perceptions for several economic and development outcomes, such as female labour force participation, education and fertility.

Text
JCEC final - Accepted Manuscript
Restricted to Repository staff only until 9 August 2020.
Request a copy

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 10 July 2018
e-pub ahead of print date: 9 August 2018

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 422707
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/422707
ISSN: 0147-5967
PURE UUID: 9c6883f6-9e21-47e3-9727-c4b0521a5324

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 31 Jul 2018 16:30
Last modified: 13 Mar 2019 18:14

Export record

Altmetrics

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×