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Subretinal Aβ injections induce a localised, early CNV phenotype in C57BL/6 mice

Subretinal Aβ injections induce a localised, early CNV phenotype in C57BL/6 mice
Subretinal Aβ injections induce a localised, early CNV phenotype in C57BL/6 mice
Purpose : Amyloid β (Aβ) is associated with clinical hallmarks of Age-related macular degeneration (AMD), yet its potential role in AMD pathogenesis remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to test Aβ induced morphological/functional changes to the outer retina in situ by conducting non-invasive retinal imaging techniques in a mouse model.

Methods : Female C57BL/6 mice aged 117±4 days were subject to subretinal injection with 1.5μl 625nM human oligomeric Aβ1-42(n=7), sham(n=6) or 625nM BSA(n=5). At 8 and 15 days post injection full-field electroretinography (ffERG) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) were performed to assess treatment effects compared to baseline. Scotopic ffERGs were conducted by stimulation with 1.5mm diameter, 6.8 cd-s/m2 white LED light for 1ms in 2 sweeps with a 120s interval, from which average A-wave and B-wave amplitudes, and T(A) and T(B) implicit times were calculated. OCT images were acquired as 1.4mm volumetric scans (100 B-scans comprising 1000 A-scans). Scans were segmented at 24 locations using the InVivoVue 2.4 Diver software for Inner segments (IS), Outer segments (OS), Photoreceptor end tips (ETPRS) and the RPE, to assess treatment effects on layer thickness. One-way ANOVA with Tukey’s post hoc test assessed statistical comparisons with individual mice as the statistical unit. Data is presented as mean ± SEM.

Results : Localised subretinal hyperreflective exudation (SHE) and subretinal hyper-reflective material (SHRM) were evident in OCT scans after Aβ1-42 and BSA treatment at 8 and 15 days, with SHE/SHRM reduction associated with subretinal cystic spaces on day 15. No significant difference was seen in global thickness of the IS(p=0.46,p=0.80), OS(p=0.97,p=0.81), ETPRS(p=0.95,p=1.0) or RPE(p=0.95,p=0.28) compared to sham at 8 and 15 days respectively. Similarly, ffERGs saw no significant difference in the A-wave(p=0.94,p=1.00), B-wave(p=0.87,0.89), T(A) (p=0.43,p=0.19) and T(B) (p=0.94,p=0.82) between Aβ and sham at 8 and 15 days.

Conclusions : Aβ exposure induced pathology consistent with an early-CNV phenotype. However, this did not translate to a global reduction in IS, OS, ETPRS or RPE thickness, or retinal function, likely due to the localised nature of pathology observed. Nonetheless, our findings suggest a pro-angiogenic role for Aβ, where cumulative damage over time may cause statistically significant thickness/functional deficits.
0146-0404
5827
Lynn, Savannah
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Scott, Jennifer
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Lee, Helena
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Desai, Roshni
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Newman, Tracey
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Cree, Angela
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Lotery, Andrew
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Ratnayaka, J. Arjuna
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Lynn, Savannah
de0c4ec2-8a3c-4b16-9e47-ea13abc32a3b
Scott, Jennifer
bdc803de-3082-4727-a4ca-f5a1cf3fcfcc
Lee, Helena
5d36fd1e-9334-4db5-b201-034d147133fb
Desai, Roshni
f75d81a3-c6bf-4e11-8a01-ce477928dad7
Newman, Tracey
322290cb-2e9c-445d-a047-00b1bea39a25
Cree, Angela
6724b71b-8828-4abb-971f-0856c2af555e
Lotery, Andrew
5ecc2d2d-d0b4-468f-ad2c-df7156f8e514
Ratnayaka, J. Arjuna
002499b8-1a9f-45b6-9539-5ac145799dfd

Lynn, Savannah, Scott, Jennifer, Lee, Helena, Desai, Roshni, Newman, Tracey, Cree, Angela, Lotery, Andrew and Ratnayaka, J. Arjuna (2018) Subretinal Aβ injections induce a localised, early CNV phenotype in C57BL/6 mice. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 59, 5827.

Record type: Meeting abstract

Abstract

Purpose : Amyloid β (Aβ) is associated with clinical hallmarks of Age-related macular degeneration (AMD), yet its potential role in AMD pathogenesis remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to test Aβ induced morphological/functional changes to the outer retina in situ by conducting non-invasive retinal imaging techniques in a mouse model.

Methods : Female C57BL/6 mice aged 117±4 days were subject to subretinal injection with 1.5μl 625nM human oligomeric Aβ1-42(n=7), sham(n=6) or 625nM BSA(n=5). At 8 and 15 days post injection full-field electroretinography (ffERG) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) were performed to assess treatment effects compared to baseline. Scotopic ffERGs were conducted by stimulation with 1.5mm diameter, 6.8 cd-s/m2 white LED light for 1ms in 2 sweeps with a 120s interval, from which average A-wave and B-wave amplitudes, and T(A) and T(B) implicit times were calculated. OCT images were acquired as 1.4mm volumetric scans (100 B-scans comprising 1000 A-scans). Scans were segmented at 24 locations using the InVivoVue 2.4 Diver software for Inner segments (IS), Outer segments (OS), Photoreceptor end tips (ETPRS) and the RPE, to assess treatment effects on layer thickness. One-way ANOVA with Tukey’s post hoc test assessed statistical comparisons with individual mice as the statistical unit. Data is presented as mean ± SEM.

Results : Localised subretinal hyperreflective exudation (SHE) and subretinal hyper-reflective material (SHRM) were evident in OCT scans after Aβ1-42 and BSA treatment at 8 and 15 days, with SHE/SHRM reduction associated with subretinal cystic spaces on day 15. No significant difference was seen in global thickness of the IS(p=0.46,p=0.80), OS(p=0.97,p=0.81), ETPRS(p=0.95,p=1.0) or RPE(p=0.95,p=0.28) compared to sham at 8 and 15 days respectively. Similarly, ffERGs saw no significant difference in the A-wave(p=0.94,p=1.00), B-wave(p=0.87,0.89), T(A) (p=0.43,p=0.19) and T(B) (p=0.94,p=0.82) between Aβ and sham at 8 and 15 days.

Conclusions : Aβ exposure induced pathology consistent with an early-CNV phenotype. However, this did not translate to a global reduction in IS, OS, ETPRS or RPE thickness, or retinal function, likely due to the localised nature of pathology observed. Nonetheless, our findings suggest a pro-angiogenic role for Aβ, where cumulative damage over time may cause statistically significant thickness/functional deficits.

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2019 ARVO Abstract SAL
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Published date: 1 July 2018

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 423102
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/423102
ISSN: 0146-0404
PURE UUID: 59867ee7-e864-4c2a-b0dc-dabcb20dbb9d
ORCID for Savannah Lynn: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-2513-3144
ORCID for Helena Lee: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-2573-9536
ORCID for Tracey Newman: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-3727-9258
ORCID for Andrew Lotery: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5541-4305
ORCID for J. Arjuna Ratnayaka: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-1027-6938

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Date deposited: 14 Aug 2018 16:30
Last modified: 22 Nov 2021 03:21

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Contributors

Author: Savannah Lynn ORCID iD
Author: Jennifer Scott
Author: Helena Lee ORCID iD
Author: Roshni Desai
Author: Tracey Newman ORCID iD
Author: Angela Cree
Author: Andrew Lotery ORCID iD

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