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Revealing the complexity of road transport with accimaps

Revealing the complexity of road transport with accimaps
Revealing the complexity of road transport with accimaps

The UK has one of the safest road systems of any country, yet road traffic accidents still represent the 12th leading cause of death. Although casualty and fatality rates have dropped dramatically since the 1980s, there has been little change in the past five years or so, suggesting that roads safety initiatives have plateaued in their effectiveness. Following calls for a new approach to the challenge we adopt a sociotechnical systems viewpoint. Traditionally, road safety has been addressed through the three ‘E’s of engineering, education, and enforcement; we have added to these with an additional four ‘E’s, namely economics, emergency response, enablement, and ergonomics. We use the Actor Map representation, the first step in the Accimap approach to accident analysis, to model the road transport system, with the resulting diagram giving an indication of the level of complexity we must face when designing road safety interventions. The research presented in this article represents the first step in a broader project that takes a sociotechnical approach to global road safety, involving partners in five geographically dispersed, and economically, developmentally, and culturally distinct nations.

Accimaps, Road safety, Sociotechnical systems
2194-5357
80-89
Springer Verlag
McIlroy, Rich C.
68e56daa-5b0b-477e-a643-3c7b78c1b85d
Plant, Katherine L.
3638555a-f2ca-4539-962c-422686518a78
Stanton, Neville A.
351a44ab-09a0-422a-a738-01df1fe0fadd
McIlroy, Rich C.
68e56daa-5b0b-477e-a643-3c7b78c1b85d
Plant, Katherine L.
3638555a-f2ca-4539-962c-422686518a78
Stanton, Neville A.
351a44ab-09a0-422a-a738-01df1fe0fadd

McIlroy, Rich C., Plant, Katherine L. and Stanton, Neville A. (2019) Revealing the complexity of road transport with accimaps. In Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018) - Volume VI: Transport Ergonomics and Human Factors TEHF, Aerospace Human Factors and Ergonomics. vol. 823, Springer Verlag. pp. 80-89 . (doi:10.1007/978-3-319-96074-6_9).

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Abstract

The UK has one of the safest road systems of any country, yet road traffic accidents still represent the 12th leading cause of death. Although casualty and fatality rates have dropped dramatically since the 1980s, there has been little change in the past five years or so, suggesting that roads safety initiatives have plateaued in their effectiveness. Following calls for a new approach to the challenge we adopt a sociotechnical systems viewpoint. Traditionally, road safety has been addressed through the three ‘E’s of engineering, education, and enforcement; we have added to these with an additional four ‘E’s, namely economics, emergency response, enablement, and ergonomics. We use the Actor Map representation, the first step in the Accimap approach to accident analysis, to model the road transport system, with the resulting diagram giving an indication of the level of complexity we must face when designing road safety interventions. The research presented in this article represents the first step in a broader project that takes a sociotechnical approach to global road safety, involving partners in five geographically dispersed, and economically, developmentally, and culturally distinct nations.

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Revealing%20the%20Complexity%20of%20Road%20Transport%20with%20Accimaps%20IEA%20Florence%202018 - Accepted Manuscript
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 16 February 2018
e-pub ahead of print date: 5 August 2018
Published date: 2019
Venue - Dates: 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association, IEA 2018, Florence, Italy, 2018-08-26 - 2018-08-30
Keywords: Accimaps, Road safety, Sociotechnical systems

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 423149
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/423149
ISSN: 2194-5357
PURE UUID: ca2c4cda-469d-494d-bf03-c7dc5a5635b6
ORCID for Rich C. McIlroy: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-0326-8101
ORCID for Katherine L. Plant: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4532-2818
ORCID for Neville A. Stanton: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-8562-3279

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 19 Sep 2018 11:05
Last modified: 06 Aug 2019 04:01

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