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Target discrimination delays attentional benefit for grouped contexts: an ERP study

Target discrimination delays attentional benefit for grouped contexts: an ERP study
Target discrimination delays attentional benefit for grouped contexts: an ERP study
Searching a target was shown to be facilitated when embedded in a homogeneous compared to a heterogeneous context. This study investigated extended attention deployment after visual search for a target that observers had to discriminate in contexts of varying heterogeneity. Results showed more efficient attention deployment towards targets in homogeneous contexts as evident in higher accuracy and larger N2pc amplitudes than in random contexts. RTs to subsequently presented probes were shorter and a larger posterior positivity was observed in the ERP when probes were presented at the target location compared to other locations. This on-target advantage was larger for homogeneous contexts at ISIs of 90 ms, but not for shorter (30 ms) or longer (150 ms) ISIs. These results show that visual search tasks induce an accelerated attention deployment after homogeneous contexts, however with a delay after target discrimination compared to less demanding target detection.
0006-8993
196-209
Feldmann-Wustefeld, Tobias
ad65a041-3b03-4374-8483-2eb878a6c909
Feldmann-Wustefeld, Tobias
ad65a041-3b03-4374-8483-2eb878a6c909

Feldmann-Wustefeld, Tobias (2015) Target discrimination delays attentional benefit for grouped contexts: an ERP study. Brain Research, 1629, 196-209. (doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2015.10.018).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Searching a target was shown to be facilitated when embedded in a homogeneous compared to a heterogeneous context. This study investigated extended attention deployment after visual search for a target that observers had to discriminate in contexts of varying heterogeneity. Results showed more efficient attention deployment towards targets in homogeneous contexts as evident in higher accuracy and larger N2pc amplitudes than in random contexts. RTs to subsequently presented probes were shorter and a larger posterior positivity was observed in the ERP when probes were presented at the target location compared to other locations. This on-target advantage was larger for homogeneous contexts at ISIs of 90 ms, but not for shorter (30 ms) or longer (150 ms) ISIs. These results show that visual search tasks induce an accelerated attention deployment after homogeneous contexts, however with a delay after target discrimination compared to less demanding target detection.

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More information

Published date: 10 December 2015

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 424411
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/424411
ISSN: 0006-8993
PURE UUID: 7cdc7fe7-a212-4be8-a6fd-7fa507cb519d

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 05 Oct 2018 11:37
Last modified: 05 Oct 2018 11:37

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