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Attitudes and knowledge of dementia in Pakistan: perceptions of the general public

Attitudes and knowledge of dementia in Pakistan: perceptions of the general public
Attitudes and knowledge of dementia in Pakistan: perceptions of the general public
Over the coming decades, the prevalence of dementia is expected to rise due to an aging population, and this public health challenge will be particularly challenging in lower and middle-income countries. Pakistan is a typical exemplar which to date has had very little research and policy making to address the challenge of dementia.

This presentation reports on a part of a larger project funded by Age International, conducted in Pakistan about understandings of dementia among people who have a mild diagnosis of dementia, their family carers, the general population, and key stakeholders of the society.

Utilising specially designed vignettes of dementia patients, this presentation will analyse public attitudes and knowledge of dementia. A series of Focus Group Discussions were completed during 2017 with the public in two metropolitan centres in Pakistan (Lahore and Karachi) (n=40). An induction led thematic analysis was completed. It was identified that many participants had little awareness and knowledge about dementia, which led to incorrect and often harmful perceptions of cause and prognosis of dementia. The responsibility of care was often seen to rest with the family, which can in part be attributed to religious teachings and societal norms, but also lack of formal services. Importantly, participants were able to identify that greater awareness was needed, though this should be accompanied with improved healthcare facilities at the primary care level. This presentation will further highlight the themes identified from the research undertaken in the project and discuss the potential implications for future dementia awareness strategy.
Farina, Nicolas
4ec0c969-7556-4e93-8a00-af48b6adc505
Balouch, Sara
7f8416ad-6de5-4d8f-acae-c7f92b094ea0
Willis, Rosalind
dd2e5e10-58bf-44ca-9c04-f355f3af26ba
Zaidi, Asghar
c0e9133f-e3da-47ed-8cd6-2473386bddf4
Farina, Nicolas
4ec0c969-7556-4e93-8a00-af48b6adc505
Balouch, Sara
7f8416ad-6de5-4d8f-acae-c7f92b094ea0
Willis, Rosalind
dd2e5e10-58bf-44ca-9c04-f355f3af26ba
Zaidi, Asghar
c0e9133f-e3da-47ed-8cd6-2473386bddf4

Farina, Nicolas, Balouch, Sara, Willis, Rosalind and Zaidi, Asghar (2018) Attitudes and knowledge of dementia in Pakistan: perceptions of the general public. Alzheimer's Disease International Conference, Chicago 2018, , Chicago, United States. 26 - 29 Jul 2018.

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)

Abstract

Over the coming decades, the prevalence of dementia is expected to rise due to an aging population, and this public health challenge will be particularly challenging in lower and middle-income countries. Pakistan is a typical exemplar which to date has had very little research and policy making to address the challenge of dementia.

This presentation reports on a part of a larger project funded by Age International, conducted in Pakistan about understandings of dementia among people who have a mild diagnosis of dementia, their family carers, the general population, and key stakeholders of the society.

Utilising specially designed vignettes of dementia patients, this presentation will analyse public attitudes and knowledge of dementia. A series of Focus Group Discussions were completed during 2017 with the public in two metropolitan centres in Pakistan (Lahore and Karachi) (n=40). An induction led thematic analysis was completed. It was identified that many participants had little awareness and knowledge about dementia, which led to incorrect and often harmful perceptions of cause and prognosis of dementia. The responsibility of care was often seen to rest with the family, which can in part be attributed to religious teachings and societal norms, but also lack of formal services. Importantly, participants were able to identify that greater awareness was needed, though this should be accompanied with improved healthcare facilities at the primary care level. This presentation will further highlight the themes identified from the research undertaken in the project and discuss the potential implications for future dementia awareness strategy.

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More information

Published date: 27 July 2018
Venue - Dates: Alzheimer's Disease International Conference, Chicago 2018, , Chicago, United States, 2018-07-26 - 2018-07-29

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 424536
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/424536
PURE UUID: fff0cf22-23ed-449f-9018-d30813120c40
ORCID for Rosalind Willis: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-6687-5799

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 05 Oct 2018 11:38
Last modified: 12 Dec 2021 03:49

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Contributors

Author: Nicolas Farina
Author: Sara Balouch
Author: Rosalind Willis ORCID iD
Author: Asghar Zaidi

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